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Hess, Frederick M.; Hassel, Bryan C. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
Over the last two decades, there has been a surge in public policies seeking to give low-income families more choice about where to send their children to school. These changes in policy have both reflected and accommodated an influx of new educational providers, including school operators, technology firms, back-office service providers, tutors,…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Change, Low Income Groups, Human Capital
Hess, Frederick M.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
In this paper, the authors argue that at a time when disappointing student performance, stark achievement gaps, and an ever-"flattening" world call for retooling American schools for the 21st century, the most daunting impediments to doing so are the teacher collective bargaining agreements that regulate virtually all aspects of school district…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Needs, Unions
Hess, Frederick M.; Kelly, Andrew P. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2005
In an era of accountability, where school leaders are expected to demonstrate bottom-line results and use data to drive decisions, the skill and knowledge of principals matter more than ever. Amidst the efforts to prepare principals for this new world, little scholarly attention has been paid to the content of what principals are actually reading…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Educational Administration, Principals, Administrator Education