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Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessman, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
Rising inequality in the United States has raised concerns about potentially widening gaps in educational achievement by socio-economic status (SES). Using assessments from LTT-NAEP [Long-Term Trend assessment administered by the National Assessment of Educational Progress], Main-NAEP, TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study],…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Status, Age Differences
Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
Although qualitative research suggests that school choice and other interventions are more beneficial for moderately disadvantaged than severely deprived students, the subject has barely been explored by quantitative studies with either observational or experimental designs. We estimate experimentally the impact of a voucher offer on college…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Vouchers, Educational Attainment, School Choice
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
We use a quadratic equation to estimate trends in cohort performances in the charter and district sectors on the National Assessment of Educational Progress in 4th and 8th grade between 2005 and 2017. Data consist of over four million test observations of nationally representative samples of students on seven separate math and reading tests. We…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Grade 4, Grade 8, National Competency Tests
Lastra-Anadón, Carlos X.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
The efficiency-equity trade-offs in public service delivery may be influenced by the dependency of local governments on their own resources rather than inter-governmental grants. School districts in the United States are expected both to produce human capital efficiently and to provide educational opportunity equally. To ascertain school district…
Descriptors: School Districts, Educational Finance, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
Cheng, Albert; Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Estimates of school voucher impacts on educational attainment have yet to explore heterogeneities in socioeconomic status among disadvantaged minority students. We theorize reasons for these heterogeneities and then estimate experimentally the differential impacts of voucher offers on college enrollment and graduation rates for minority and…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Program Effectiveness, Educational Attainment, Disadvantaged Youth
Shakeel, M. Danish; Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
The role of political factors, specifically of public opinion, in the relatively low penetration of charter schools into rural America remains unclear. We use eight years of national survey data to demonstrate that rural residents express less support for charter schools than residents of other locales do. We attribute this gap to differences in…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, School Choice, Charter Schools, School Districts
Lastra-Anadón, Carlos X.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Tiebout theorizes that local public services are provided more efficiently if costs are paid out of local revenues rather than by inter-governmental grants. But if local politics is not as pluralistic as Dahl has argued, citizens of higher socio-economic status will exercise greater influence, resulting in higher inequalities in service provision.…
Descriptors: Financial Support, Income, Grade 8, Mathematics Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Concerns about the breadth of the U.S. income distribution and limited intergenerational mobility have led to a focus on educational achievement gaps by socio-economic status (SES). Using intertemporally linked assessments from NAEP [National Assessment of Educational Progress], TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey], and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Foreign Countries, Science Achievement
Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2018
Economic information may close aspiration disparities for postsecondary education across socio-economic, ethnic and partisan divides. In 2017, we estimated impacts of information on such disparities by means of a survey experiment administered to a nationally representative sample of 4,214 adults. A baseline group was asked whether they preferred…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Higher Education, Socioeconomic Status, Access to Information
Barrows, Samuel; Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This first report of charter school parents' perceptions based on nationally representative samples finds that charter parents, as compared with parents from district schools, are less likely to see serious problems at their children's school, report more extensive communications with the school, and are more satisfied with most aspects of the…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Charter Schools, National Surveys, Parent Surveys
Roth, Jonathan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This paper studies teacher attrition in Wisconsin following Act 10, a policy change which severely weakened teachers' unions and capped wage growth for teachers. I document a sharp increase in turnover after the Act was passed, driven almost entirely by the exit of older teachers, who faced strong incentives to retire before the end of…
Descriptors: Unions, Institutional Role, Faculty Mobility, Educational Policy
Carlson, Deven; Chingos, Matthew M.; Campbell, David E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2016
In 1997, the New York School Choice Scholarships Foundation Program (SCSF) randomly offered three-year scholarships to attend private schools to approximately 1,000 low-income families in New York City. In this paper we leverage exogenous variation generated by the SCSF to estimate the causal effect of the private school voucher offer--and the…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Educational Vouchers, Citizen Participation, Voting
Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
We provide the first experimental estimates of the long-term impacts of a voucher to attend private school by linking data from a privately sponsored voucher initiative in New York City, which awarded the scholarships by lottery to low-income families, to administrative records on college enrollment and degree attainment. We find no significant…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, College Attendance, College Graduates, Academic Degrees
Barrows, Samuel – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
Governments are increasingly publishing information about the performance of the services they provide, in part to help citizens hold their elected representatives accountable for government service outcomes. Yet there is little evidence concerning the influence of information about government service performance on voter behavior. This paper…
Descriptors: Voting, Educational Policy, Accountability, Public Officials
Henderson, Michael B.; Lergetporer, Philipp; Peterson, Paul E.; Werner, Katharina; West, Martin R.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
What do citizens of the United States and Germany think about their schools and school policies? This paper offers the first broad comparison of public thinking on education in the two countries. We carried out opinion surveys of representative samples of the German and American adult populations in 2014 that included experiments in which we…
Descriptors: Governance, School Policy, Educational Attitudes, National Surveys
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