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Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2018
Economic information may close aspiration disparities for postsecondary education across socio-economic, ethnic and partisan divides. In 2017, we estimated impacts of information on such disparities by means of a survey experiment administered to a nationally representative sample of 4,214 adults. A baseline group was asked whether they preferred…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Higher Education, Socioeconomic Status, Access to Information
Barrows, Samuel; Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This first report of charter school parents' perceptions based on nationally representative samples finds that charter parents, as compared with parents from district schools, are less likely to see serious problems at their children's school, report more extensive communications with the school, and are more satisfied with most aspects of the…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Charter Schools, National Surveys, Parent Surveys
Roth, Jonathan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This paper studies teacher attrition in Wisconsin following Act 10, a policy change which severely weakened teachers' unions and capped wage growth for teachers. I document a sharp increase in turnover after the Act was passed, driven almost entirely by the exit of older teachers, who faced strong incentives to retire before the end of…
Descriptors: Unions, Institutional Role, Faculty Mobility, Educational Policy
Carlson, Deven; Chingos, Matthew M.; Campbell, David E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2016
In 1997, the New York School Choice Scholarships Foundation Program (SCSF) randomly offered three-year scholarships to attend private schools to approximately 1,000 low-income families in New York City. In this paper we leverage exogenous variation generated by the SCSF to estimate the causal effect of the private school voucher offer--and the…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Educational Vouchers, Citizen Participation, Voting
Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
We provide the first experimental estimates of the long-term impacts of a voucher to attend private school by linking data from a privately sponsored voucher initiative in New York City, which awarded the scholarships by lottery to low-income families, to administrative records on college enrollment and degree attainment. We find no significant…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, College Attendance, College Graduates, Academic Degrees
Barrows, Samuel – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
Governments are increasingly publishing information about the performance of the services they provide, in part to help citizens hold their elected representatives accountable for government service outcomes. Yet there is little evidence concerning the influence of information about government service performance on voter behavior. This paper…
Descriptors: Voting, Educational Policy, Accountability, Public Officials
Henderson, Michael B.; Lergetporer, Philipp; Peterson, Paul E.; Werner, Katharina; West, Martin R.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
What do citizens of the United States and Germany think about their schools and school policies? This paper offers the first broad comparison of public thinking on education in the two countries. We carried out opinion surveys of representative samples of the German and American adult populations in 2014 that included experiments in which we…
Descriptors: Governance, School Policy, Educational Attitudes, National Surveys
Ackerman, Matthew; Egalite, Anna J. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
When lotteries are infeasible, researchers must rely on observational methods to estimate charter effectiveness at raising student test scores. Considerable attention has been paid to observational studies by the Stanford Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO), which have analyzed charter performance in 27 states. However, the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Observation, Special Education, Lunch Programs
Egalite, Anna J.; Kisida, Brian; Winters, Marcus A. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2014
Previous research suggests that there are academic benefits when students and teachers share the same race/ethnicity because such teachers can serve as role models, mentors, advocates, or cultural translators. In this paper, we obtain estimates of achievement changes as students are assigned to teachers of different races/ethnicities from grades 3…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Change, Race, Student Characteristics
Hanushek, Eric A.; Piopiunik, Marc; Wiederhold, Simon – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2014
Differences in teacher quality are commonly cited as a key determinant of the huge international student performance gaps. However, convincing evidence on this relationship is still lacking, in part because it is unclear how to measure teacher quality consistently across countries. We use unique international assessment data to investigate the…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Thinking Skills, Academic Achievement, Teacher Influence
Goodman, Joshua – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
Proponents of the recent and widely adopted Common Core State Standards argue that high quality curricular standards are critical to students' educational success. Little clear evidence exists, however, linking the quality of such standards to student achievement. I remedy this by connecting data on state-level student achievement from 1994-2011…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, State Standards, Academic Standards, Evidence
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
"The United States' failure to educate its students leaves them unprepared to compete and threatens the country's ability to thrive in a global economy." Such was the dire warning recently issued by a task force sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations. Chaired by former New York City schools chancellor Joel I. Klein and former U.S.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Human Capital, Educational Trends
Dee, Thomas S. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) targeted substantial School Improvement Grants (SIGs) to the nation's "persistently lowest achieving" public schools (i.e., up to $2 million per school annually over 3 years) but required schools accepting these awards to implement a federally prescribed school-reform model.…
Descriptors: Evidence, School Restructuring, Eligibility, Educational Change
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Wyness, Gill – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The four "home countries" of the United Kingdom are becoming increasingly different with regard to education policy. Nevertheless, they are still highly comparable as compared to education systems elsewhere. Over time, they have had a similar legislative framework (particularly in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and, in a broader…
Descriptors: Evidence, Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Educational Change
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
A growing number of American states and school districts require students to meet basic performance standards in core academic subjects at key transition points in order to be promoted to the next grade. We exploit a discontinuity in the probability of third grade retention under a Florida test-based promotion policy to study the causal effect of…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, Academic Achievement, Performance Based Assessment, Grade 3
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