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Erb-Downward, Jennifer; Nothaft, Amanda – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2022
Before the start of the pandemic, Michigan's public schools identified 4,763 homeless youth living independent of parental support. These youth are homeless--living outside, in shelters, or bouncing from couch to couch. They are estranged from their parents, usually due to abuse, neglect, or parents' struggles with addiction, mental health…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Homeless People, At Risk Students, Intervention
Erb-Downward, Jennifer; Blakeslee, Michael – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2021
This brief uses data from the Michigan Department of Education to explore suspension and expulsion rates among students who have experienced homelessness compared to their housed peers. Key takeaways from the analysis include: (1) Greater economic and housing instability is associated with higher rates of disciplinary action; (2) The association…
Descriptors: Trauma, Suspension, Expulsion, Homeless People
Erb-Downward, Jennifer; Cooney, Patrick; Blakeslee, Michael; Nothaft, Amanda; Merchant, Safiya; Evangelist, Michael; Peterson, Natalie – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2021
Detroit has a long and complicated history with housing instability, and obtaining safe and stable housing is a significant challenge, particularly for low-income residents. For many renters, housing quality is poor, rents are high, and eviction is common. In 2017, 16% of households with children in Detroit reported being either evicted or forced…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Housing, Low Income Groups, Children
Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2020
In early August 2020, as educators prepared for an uncertain school year, there was a worrying theme from school district homeless liaisons: numbers of identified homeless students were down--in some cases, significantly down--despite evidence of increased need. In September and October of 2020, a survey was conducted of local educational agency…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Homeless People
Naraharisett, Sruthi; Peterson, Natalie; Erb-Downward, Jennifer – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2019
Attaining a college degree is a well-recognized path to economic mobility in the United States, but enrollment gaps among students by family income persist. Interestingly, recent research finds this disparity to be particularly visible in communities where top ranked universities reside. In these communities, residents with no-affiliation to their…
Descriptors: Youth Employment, Employment Programs, Summer Programs, College Students
Evangelist, Michael; Shaefer, H. Luke – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2019
During the 2015-2016 school year, 1.3 million students nationwide experienced homelessness. Yet hardships like homelessness represent dynamic rather than static states, and so annual figures understate the cumulative risk that students face over time. Moreover, despite recent efforts to understand eviction and foreclosure as exploitative and…
Descriptors: Homeless People, At Risk Students, Incidence, Correlation
Rodems, Richard; Shaefer, H. Luke – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2019
According to the most recent data available from the nationally-representative Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), as of 2011, 38.4% of children lived in households reporting at least one form of material hardship, such as food insecurity, inability to pay essential household bills, inability to access medical care due to cost, or…
Descriptors: Hunger, Poverty, Access to Health Care, Housing
Erb-Downward, Jennifer; Watt, Payton – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2018
Attendance is vital to academic success but many children in Michigan are not making it to school. Based on recent estimates, Michigan has the sixth highest statewide chronic absenteeism rate in the country. Efforts to reduce school absences can be strengthened by understanding the characteristics of students most at risk. Race, income and…
Descriptors: Poverty, Attendance, Homeless People, Academic Achievement
Erb-Downward, Jennifer, Comp.; Evangelist, Michael, Comp. – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2018
Recent research in the State of Michigan has shown homelessness among children to be a key factor predicting student achievement in both rural and urban areas, yet little attention has been given, thus far, to understanding where homeless students in Michigan attend school and how their needs might differ depending on their geographic location.…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Housing, Academic Achievement, Student Needs
Erb-Downward, Jennifer, Comp. – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2018
In compliance with new regulations under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), the State of Michigan recently released graduation, dropout and attendance rate data for homeless students for school years 2012-13 through 2016-17. This policy brief examines the state's newly available public education graduation and dropout data and finds dramatic…
Descriptors: Dropout Rate, Attendance, Homeless People, Educational Policy
Pilkauskas, Natasha V.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2017
Although many studies have investigated links between maternal employment and children's wellbeing, less research has considered whether the stability of maternal employment is linked with child outcomes. Using unique employment calendar data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=2,011), an urban birth cohort study of largely…
Descriptors: Mothers, Employment, Child Behavior, Thinking Skills
Phillips, Deborah A.; Johnson, Anna D.; Weiland, Christina; Hutchison, Jane E. – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2017
The increasing diversity of young children enrolled in state pre-K and Head Start programs has prompted examination of varying impacts for identified subgroups of young children. We argue that questions of subgroup impacts and the processes that may account for them should be prioritized in future evaluations of these programs. Three subgroups at…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Public Education, Preschool Children, Student Diversity