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Driscoll, Anne K. – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2007
This report provides evidence that the first semester in community college is a pivotal point in students' academic careers. Students whose first academic experience in college is positive and successful are more likely to remain in school, and to sustain their aspiration to transfer to a four-year college. Those whose first experiences are less…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Community Colleges, High School Graduates, Student Characteristics
Loeb, Susanna; Plank, David N. – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2007
The "Getting Down to Facts" (GDTF) studies released in March 2007 offered a clear diagnosis of the issues facing California's education system. Now, as California moves beyond the facts and begins the search for ways to improve the performance of California schools and students, the state faces a critical policy dilemma. On the one hand,…
Descriptors: Policy Analysis, Educational Improvement, Educational Change, Politics of Education
Fuller, Bruce; Wright, Joseph – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2007
Gaps in early learning are starkly apparent among differing children even before they enter kindergarten. So, a rising number of states are trying to narrow initial achievement disparities by expanding access to quality preschool. At the same time, recent findings show that preschool is not a lasting inoculation: its benefits fade if children move…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, State Courts, Finance Reform, Equal Education
Fuller, Bruce; Gesicki, Kathryn; Sweo, Thea; Jung, Sunyoung – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2007
California continues to widen access to local child care and preschool programs--albeit in fits and starts--for a variety of families. About 65% of all four year-olds statewide now attend a preschool center. Government spends $3.6 billion on early care and education programs statewide, including a three-fold increase in state spending since 1996.…
Descriptors: Economically Disadvantaged, Community Organizations, Child Care, Child Development
Venezia, Andrea; Maxwell-Jolly, Julie – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2007
California policymakers have pursued various strategies for raising student achievement over the past half-century. The state's schools now advance demanding curricular standards which are among the most rigorous in the nation. These are in the form of "content" and "performance" standards. This paper, stemming from a Policy…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Policy Analysis, Educational Policy
Koppich, Julia E.; Gerstein, Amy – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2007
The "Getting Down to Facts" (GDTF) studies released in March 2007 offered a clear diagnosis of the issues facing California's education system. Now, as California moves beyond the facts and begins the search for ways to improve the performance of California schools and students, the state faces a critical policy dilemma. On the one hand,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Policy Analysis, Educational Change, Educational Improvement
Fuller, Bruce; Livas, Alejandra; Bridges, Margaret – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2006
The new call for a universal preschool system is prompting an important policy debate across California. How preschooling is expanded and improved with limited public resources depends on several key issues. The hopeful ideals of "preschool for all"--with children beginning school ready to learn--spark enthusiasm and broaden public will.…
Descriptors: Non English Speaking, Preschool Education, Preschool Children, School Readiness
Fuller, Bruce; Gesicki, Kathryn; Kang, Erin; Wright, Joseph – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2006
Debate is well under way regarding the efficacy of the "No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act," including whether this bundle of federal rules and resources is prompting gains in student achievement. Spirited conversation will intensify as the Congress discusses how to adjust and reauthorize this ambitious set of school reforms. Both state and…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Improvement, Academic Achievement, Accountability
Hass, Bob, Ed. – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2006
Educators and policymakers have accomplished much over the past decade, aided by parents and taxpayers. California has set a high bar for what all children are expected to learn, from kindergarten forward. Instructional materials and tests are now closely aligned, so that teachers know how to gauge their students' progress. And achievement growth…
Descriptors: School Restructuring, Educational Finance, Educational Change, Accountability
Woody, Elisabeth L.; Bae, Soung; Park, Sandra; Russell, Jennifer – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ3), 2006
Achievement gaps have real consequences for students, particularly those facing the challenge of passing the California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE), now a requirement in order to receive a high school diploma in California. The combined 2005 CAHSEE passing rates reveal significant discrepancies between White and Asian students and their African…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, African American Students, Hispanic American Students
Timar, Thomas; Rodriguez, Gloria; Simon, Virginia Adams; Ferrario, Kim; Kim, Kris – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2006
Central to California's school accountability system are programs to engage low-performing schools in improvement efforts. One of these is the High Priority Schools Program (HPSGP), created by Assembly Bill 961 (Chapter 747, "Statutes of 2001") to provide funds to the lowest performing schools in the state. To be eligible for funding,…
Descriptors: Accountability, Grants, Change Strategies, State Programs
Gandara, Patricia; Maxwell-Jolly, Julie; Driscoll, Anne – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2005
As long as students with limited English language skills have attended California schools a debate has raged among educators and policy-makers regarding how best to educate these children. A major focal point of this debate is bilingual education. That is, the viability, advisability, and effectiveness of using students' primary language in…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Surveys, Public Education
O'Day, Jennifer; Bitter, Catherine; Kirst, Mike; Carnoy, Martin; Woody, Elisabeth; Buttles, Melissa; Fuller, Bruce; Ruenzel, David – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2004
During the past two years, three independent studies--conducted by Policy Analysis for California Education (PACE), American Institutes for Research (AIR), and the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE)--have examined the accomplishments, shortcomings, and continuing challenges of California's Public Schools Accountability Act (PSAA).…
Descriptors: Accountability, Evaluation, Academic Achievement, Public Schools
Timar, Thomas B. – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2004
This paper examines changes in California's school finance system over the past 35 years. It focuses specifically on the growth of categorical program funding. The study assesses the nature and magnitude of changes, the causes of those changes, the significance of those changes for the capacity of schools to provide high quality educational…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Public Education, Financial Support, State Aid
Johnson, Laura Ruth; Pai, Seeta A.; Bridges, Margaret – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2004
Nationwide, public attention has increasingly focused on the need for a variety of early care and education arrangements to meet the changing needs of families. The demand for early care and education has grown for families from all socioeconomic sectors, intensifying as participants in welfare-to-work programs enter the workforce, and as work…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Labor Force Development, Child Care, Child Development
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