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Valentino, Rachel; Stipek, Deborah J. – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2016
Empirical evidence that horizontal alignment of policies and practices from preschool through the early elementary grades sustains the effects of quality preschool and contributes to children's learning is scarce, as discussed above, but there are nevertheless good reasons to expect benefits to such alignment. Moreover, many districts and schools…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Preschool Education, Primary Education, Early Childhood Education
Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2016
"PreK-3 Alignment in California's Education System: Obstacles and Opportunities" by Rachel Valentino and Deborah J. Stipek reviews the opportunities and challenges that must be addressed to better align PreK-3 education in California. The report describes policies and practices that districts have implemented to strengthen alignment, and…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Preschool Education, Primary Education, Early Childhood Education
Burdman, Pamela – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2015
Since the mid-20th century, the standard U.S. high school and college math curriculum has been based on two years of algebra and a year of geometry, preparing students to take classes in pre-calculus followed by calculus. Students' math pursuits have been differentiated primarily by how far or how rapidly they proceed along a clearly defined…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, College Readiness, High School Students, Mathematics Curriculum
Koppich, Julia E.; Humphrey, Daniel C.; Marsh, Julie A. – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2015
California ended 40 years of reliance on categorical funding for schools when Governor Jerry Brown signed the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) into law on July 1, 2013. LCFF intends to enhance services for high-needs students through new flexibility, targeted student funding, and local accountability. Two years into LCFF implementation,…
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, State Policy, Finance Reform, Educational Change
Brown, Brentt; Vargo, Merrill – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2014
California has embarked on a major new wave of curriculum reform with the adoption of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), the new English Language Development (ELD) standards, and the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). The adoption of the CCSS builds a legacy of standards-based education reform in California that began with the…
Descriptors: State Standards, Program Implementation, Educational Practices, Educational Strategies
McLean, Hilary – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2012
The Early Assessment Program (EAP) has emerged as a national model for states seeking to design policies that increase the number of students who leave high school ready for college and careers. In addition, the two national consortia designing new assessments aligned to the Common Core State Standards have recognized the EAP as a model for the…
Descriptors: State Standards, Program Implementation, Program Effectiveness, Educational Assessment
Koski, William S.; Tang, Aaron – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ3), 2011
There is broad agreement that teacher quality is related to student achievement, but there is far less agreement about the degree to which school districts and administrators are constrained in making policies to improve teacher quality that might also affect teacher employment and working conditions. Conventional wisdom holds that state law and…
Descriptors: Teacher Employment, Teacher Effectiveness, State Legislation, Collective Bargaining
Kerchner, Charles Taylor – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2010
Big institutions, like public education, change slowly but often dramatically. The history of the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) over the past five decades reveals an organization pulled up from its early 20th Century Progressive Era roots. Decades of reform efforts have provided a lively audition for what a new institution of public…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, Educational Change, Public Policy, Public Education
Loeb, Susanna; Valant, Jon – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2009
In this policy brief the authors present an overview of the current state of school leadership in California. They examine the challenges that California must overcome to recruit, hire, train, and retain strong and talented principals, with a particular focus on the limitations of current state and district policies. They also propose a set of…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Principals, Personnel Policy, Personnel Management
Imazeki, Jennifer – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2008
There are significant signs of progress in California's schools, in spite of the tremendous challenges they face. Trends across multiple measures of student performance are fairly consistent: all students are doing better, or at least holding steady, during a time when the system is serving a larger and more diverse population of children. For…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Trend Analysis, Educational Improvement, Achievement Gains