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Strunk, Katharine – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ1), 2009
In this policy brief the author shows that contracts negotiated by local teachers' unions and district administrations allow for more flexibility than conventional views suggest. CBAs (collective bargaining agreements) are quite varied in their contents, and many school boards and unions have used the flexibility inherent in contract negotiations…
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, Unions, Negotiation Agreements, Employer Employee Relationship
Woody, Elisabeth L.; Bae, Soung; Park, Sandra; Russell, Jennifer – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE (NJ3), 2006
Achievement gaps have real consequences for students, particularly those facing the challenge of passing the California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE), now a requirement in order to receive a high school diploma in California. The combined 2005 CAHSEE passing rates reveal significant discrepancies between White and Asian students and their African…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, African American Students, Hispanic American Students