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Parkay, Forrest W. – Planning and Changing, 1984
Presents a conceptual model of educational leadership that is based on the dimensions of leading groups (including purpose and direction, educational problems, management of events, and standards) and on the dynamics of group interaction. (JW)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Leadership
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Gallagher, Karen S. – Planning and Changing, 1984
Examines why an elementary school, set up as a model school promoting learning effectiveness, was not working as predicted. Concentrates on staff assessments of principal's role. (JW)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Demonstration Programs, Experimental Programs, Models
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Silver, Paula F.; Moyle, Colin R. J. – Planning and Changing, 1984
To determine what effect a series of inservice programs for school administrators had on participating school principals and their schools, principals filled out questionnaires before and after five inservice programs. Changes were noted in three domains of participant characteristics--cognitive, affective, and psychomotor. (JW)
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Attitude Change, Behavior Change, Change Strategies
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Lilly, Edward R. – Planning and Changing, 1987
Reviews the American college and university president's role as it developed in Colonial times through the era of the academy (1819-1862), the emerging university (1862-1915), the golden age (1915-1975), and the age of uncertainty (1975 to the present). The college president's role as educational leader depends on institutional mission and goals.…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, College Presidents, Educational Change, Educational History
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Clark, Vernon L. – Planning and Changing, 1987
Some of the most pervasive educational innovations are occurring within teacher-education curricula at historically Black institutions. Although these institutions represent only 5 percent of U.S. univerities and colleges, they have produced 66 percent of the Black teachers. Data concerning historically Black and White state colleges in Maryland…
Descriptors: Black Colleges, Educational Change, Higher Education, Standardized Tests
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Zuelke, Dennis C. – Planning and Changing, 1984
A disaggregated empirical study using the production function model with multiple regression statistical techniques found that comprehensive collective negotiating processes in Wisconsin's public school districts had no significant effect on the improvement of teachers' fringe benefits in 1979-80. (PGD)
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, Elementary Secondary Education, Fringe Benefits, Predictor Variables
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Hoy, Wayne K.; Kupersmith, William – Planning and Changing, 1984
Data collected from 944 teachers in 46 elementary schools revealed that principal authenticity was significantly correlated with teachers' trust in principals, colleagues, and organizations. In addition, all these dimensions of trust were moderately and significantly correlated with each other. (MLF)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Correlation, Credibility, Educational Environment
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Willerman, Marvin; McGuire, Jane – Planning and Changing, 1986
Research supports the notion that substitute teachers generally are ineffective. This study examines whether trained substitutes can be as effective as assigned teachers in teaching students with behavior disorders. Findings showed that substitutes with intensive inservice training in behavior management were equally effective for one-day…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Disorders, Behavior Problems, Classroom Techniques
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Mazzoni, Tim L. – Planning and Changing, 1985
An analysis of structured interviews conducted in 1973, 1979, and 1984 with state legislators and school lobbyists and 14 case studies that investigated issues in Minnesota state school policymaking reveal that influence relationships do not correspond to the bureaucratic model. Political leaders influence policymaking far more than do…
Descriptors: Bureaucracy, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Achilles, C. M.; And Others – Planning and Changing, 1985
Data from the Phi Delta Kappa Commission on Public Confidence in Education indicate that "high-confidence" schools make greater use of marketing and public relations strategies. Teacher attitudes were ranked first and administrator attitudes second by 409 respondents for both gain and loss of confidence in schools. (MLF)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Communication (Thought Transfer), Elementary Secondary Education, Marketing
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Geske, Terry G.; Johnston, Mary Jo – Planning and Changing, 1985
Describes current practices in Illinois where a personnel reimbursement formula is used to finance special education. Summarizes the basic components of the Resource Cost Model (RCM), a complex school finance formula, and compares and contrasts RCM with Illinois' current method of financing special education. (MLF)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education
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Tirrill, Nancy Taylor; Jones, Franklin B. – Planning and Changing, 1985
A selected review of how the study of leadership has been approached is followed by brief descriptions of four leadership theories considered significant today. The research is applied to a program that focused on basic proficiencies in the seventh and eighth grades essential to passing the required Tennessee Proficiency Test. (MLF)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Leadership Qualities, Leadership Responsibility, Leadership Styles
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Yeakey, Carol C. – Planning and Changing, 1987
Enlarges the epistemological debate between the logical positivists, preoccupied with socialization, role assignment, and behavior control, and the critical theorists, who repudiate functionalism, value-neutral principles, and "hard data" as detrimental to a comprehensive understanding of educational administration. Includes 47 endnotes.…
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Decision Making, Educational Administration, Educational Policy
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Gaziel, Haim H. – Planning and Changing, 1984
Communities in Israel share educational finance and planning with the national government. Data from approximately 300 schools were analyzed to investigate the relationships between educational expenditures and the following environmental and political variables: (1) community socioeconomic status, size, and education system size; and (2) citizen…
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Community Size, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education
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Kimpston, Richard D.; Anderson, Douglas H. – Planning and Changing, 1985
Presents and analyzes the first year's results of a longitudinal study designed to measure teachers' and principals' stages of concern regarding implementation of a potentially controversial innovation--benchmark testing. Results indicate that the responding 241 teachers and 52 principals were positively disposed and interested in making the…
Descriptors: Benchmarking, Change Agents, Change Strategies, Curriculum Development