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Showing 91 to 105 of 584 results Save | Export
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Ceuppens, Stijn; Deprez, Johan; Dehaene, Wim; De Cock, Mieke – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
This study reports on the development, validation, and administration of a 48-item multiple-choice test to assess students' representational fluency of linear functions in a physics context (1D kinematics) and a mathematics context. The test includes three external representations: graphs, tables, and formulas, which result in six possible…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Mathematics Tests, Test Construction, Foreign Countries
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Bao, Lei; Xiao, Yang; Koenig, Kathleen; Han, Jing – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
In science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education there has been increased emphasis on teaching goals that include not only the learning of content knowledge but also the development of scientific reasoning skills. The Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning (LCTSR) is a popular assessment instrument for scientific reasoning.…
Descriptors: Science Tests, Science Process Skills, Logical Thinking, Test Validity
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Johnson, Keith; Willoughby, Shannon – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
This article discusses our investigation regarding nature of science (NOS) implementations and epistemological beliefs within an undergraduate introductory astronomy course. The five year study consists of two years of baseline data in which no explicit use of NOS material was implemented, then three years of subsequent data in which specific NOS…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Beliefs, Scientific Principles, Undergraduate Students
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Cahill, Michael J.; McDaniel, Mark A.; Frey, Regina F.; Hynes, K. Mairin; Repice, Michelle; Zhao, Jiuqing; Trousil, Rebecca – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
Student attitudes, defined as the extent to which one holds expertlike beliefs about and approaches to physics, are a major research topic in physics education research. An implicit but rarely tested assumption underlying much of this research is that student attitudes play a significant part in student learning and performance. The current study…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Learning, Correlation, Physics
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Brewe, Eric; Dou, Remy; Shand, Robert – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
Although active learning is supported by strong evidence of efficacy in undergraduate science instruction, institutions of higher education have yet to embrace comprehensive change. Costs of transforming instruction are regularly cited as a key factor in not adopting active-learning instructional practices. Some cite that alternative methods to…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Introductory Courses, Physics, Educational Finance
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Adorno, Dominique Persano; Pizzolato, Nicola; Fazio, Claudio – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
This paper investigates the efficacy of an open-inquiry approach to achieve a long term stability of physics instruction. This study represents the natural continuation of a research project started four years ago when a sample of thirty engineering undergraduates, having already attended traditional university physics instruction, were involved…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Undergraduate Students, Inquiry, Science Instruction
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Scanlon, Erin; Schreffler, Jillian; James, Westley; Vasquez, Eleazar; Chini, Jacquelyn J. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
Federal legislation specifies equitable access to education for all students at all levels of education, including postsecondary. To explore how well the physics education research (PER) community is currently serving students who inherently vary in needs, abilities, and interests, four research-based curricula (Tutorials in Introductory Physics,…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Access to Education, Curriculum Development
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Xiao, Yang; Han, Jing; Koenig, Kathleen; Xiong, Jianwen; Bao, Lei – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
Assessment instruments composed of two-tier multiple choice (TTMC) items are widely used in science education as an effective method to evaluate students' sophisticated understanding. In practice, however, there are often concerns regarding the common scoring methods of TTMC items, which include pair scoring and individual scoring schemes. The…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Item Response Theory, Multiple Choice Tests, Case Studies
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Henderson, Rachel; Miller, Paul; Stewart, John; Traxler, Adrienne; Lindell, Rebecca – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
Gender gaps on the most widely used conceptual inventories created by physics education researchers have been extensively studied. Most of the research exploring the consistent gender gaps has been performed at the student level using the total evaluation score; less research has been performed examining these assessments at the item level and…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Energy, Physics, Motion
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Rebull, L. M.; French, D. A.; Laurence, W.; Roberts, T.; Fitzgerald, M. T.; Gorjian, V.; Squires, G. K. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
The NASA/IPAC Teacher Archive Research Program (NITARP) provides a year-long authentic astronomy research project by partnering a research astronomer with small groups of educators. NITARP has worked with a total of 103 educators since 2005. In this paper, surveys are explored that were obtained from 74 different educators, at up to four waypoints…
Descriptors: Teacher Researchers, Astronomy, Scientists, Teacher Surveys
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Traxler, Adrienne; Garvin, A.; Lindell, Rebecca – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
Discussion forums provide a channel for students to engage with peers and course material outside of class, accessible even to commuter and nontraditional populations. Forums can build classroom community and aid learning, but students do not always take up these tools. We use network analysis to compare three semesters of forum logs from an…
Descriptors: College Students, College Science, Introductory Courses, Physics
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Rajpaul, Vinesh M.; Lindstrøm, Christine; Engel, Megan C.; Brendehaug, Morten; Allie, Saalih – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
This paper reports on the results from administering a modified version of the Introductory Astronomy Questionnaire (IAQ) to middle school students and preservice science teachers in Norway. Ranking tasks formed a key part of the instrument, and we detail a new method for analyzing ranking task data. One of our main findings was that even after…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Secondary School Science, Questionnaires
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Vargas, David L.; Bridgeman, Ariel M.; Schmidt, David R.; Kohl, Patrick B.; Wilcox, Bethany R.; Carr, Lincoln D. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
We compute nodal centrality measures on the collaboration networks of students enrolled in three upper-division physics courses, usually taken sequentially, at the Colorado School of Mines. These are complex networks in which links between students indicate assistance with homework. The courses included in the study are intermediate classical…
Descriptors: Correlation, College Students, Academic Achievement, Social Networks
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Wulff, Peter; Hazari, Zahra; Petersen, Stefan; Neumann, Knut – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
This study presents findings on the physics identity development of female students in the German Physics Olympiad who participated in an intervention designed to support their engagement in physics. Enrichment programs such as the Physics Olympiad have been found to positively impact students' engagement and intent to pursue a career in science.…
Descriptors: Females, Womens Education, Physics, Intervention
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Parmentier, Jean-François – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
In many situations, the change in the conceptual understanding of students is measured using a single question. This is, for instance, the case in peer instruction where students answer twice to the same questions, before and after the discussion phase. Using item response theory and assuming that students proficiencies are normally distributed,…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Concept Formation, Peer Teaching, Discussion (Teaching Technique)
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