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Matejak Cvenic, Karolina; Planinic, Maja; Susac, Ana; Ivanjek, Lana; Jelicic, Katarina; Hopf, Martin – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
A new diagnostic instrument, the Conceptual Survey on Wave Optics (CSWO), was developed and validated on 224 high school students (aged 18-19 years) in Croatia. The process of test construction, which included the testing of 61 items on the total of 712 students is presented. The final version of the test consists of 26 multiple-choice items which…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Validity, Physics
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Zohrabi Alaee, Dina; Campbell, Micah K.; Zwickl, Benjamin M. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
In the summer of 2020, due to COVID-19, institutions either canceled or remotely hosted their research experience for undergraduates (REU) programs. We carried out a 16-week longitudinal study examining the impact of these fully remote research experiences on mentees' psychosocial gains (e.g., identity). We studied the phenomenon of a remote…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Undergraduate Students, Student Research
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Reinhard, Aaron; Felleson, Alex; Turner, Paula C.; Green, Maxwell – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
We studied the impact of metacognitive reflections on recently-completed work as a way to improve the retention of newly learned problem-solving techniques. Students video recorded themselves talking through problems immediately after finishing them, completed ongoing problem-solving strategy maps or problem-sorting exercises, and filled out…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Problem Solving, Retention (Psychology), Video Technology
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Sundstrom, Meagan; Wu, David G.; Walsh, Cole; Heim, Ashley B.; Holmes, N. G. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
Understanding social interactions among students comprises a rich area of physics education research. Here we focus on the social interactions in introductory physics laboratories (labs). Most existing research in such contexts focuses on within-group social dynamics, however, we argue that interactions between different lab groups are just as…
Descriptors: Interaction, Physics, Science Instruction, Science Laboratories
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Haskell, Todd; Borda, Emily; Boudreaux, Andrew – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
The structure of many science programs at the college level assumes that students are able to draw on and integrate ideas from multiple disciplinary contexts. However, most assessment tools focus on learning in the context of a single discipline. We describe the development and validation of an instrument to measure how well students are able to…
Descriptors: Physics, Energy, Interdisciplinary Approach, Science Instruction
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Hazari, Zahra; Dou, Remy; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
Both in physics education and in science education more generally concerns exist that formal K-12 education structures limit and, in some cases, diminish students' interest and agency in these fields. Many stakeholders have turned to informal learning experiences as a means to inspire young people to pursue continual learning in these fields in…
Descriptors: Physics, Informal Education, Science Education, College Students
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Holmes, N. G.; Heath, Grace; Hubenig, Katelynn; Jeon, Sophia; Kalender, Z. Yasemin; Stump, Emily; Sayre, Eleanor C. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
Physics education research is replete with observations and proposed explanations for gender disparities in physics. In this work, we operationalize a definition for equity as everyone has access to the learning environment and everyone's voice is heard (adapted from previous definitions). We review prior research that observed inequities in…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Science Laboratories, Gender Differences
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Vignal, Michael; Wilcox, Bethany R. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
Diagrams are ubiquitous in physics, especially in physics education and physics problem solving. Physics problem solvers may generate diagrams to orient to a scenario, to organize information, to directly obtain an answer, or as a tool of communication. In this study, we asked 19 undergraduate and graduate physics majors to answer 18…
Descriptors: Prompting, Visual Aids, Physics, Majors (Students)
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Rosen, Drew J.; Kelly, Angela M. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
The proliferation of remote laboratory instruction increased substantially during the recent global pandemic. Many physics departments implemented this rapid transition without the previous experience, time, and deliberation to optimize learning experiences for students. The present quasi-experimental, nonequivalent group design study examined…
Descriptors: Science Laboratories, Distance Education, COVID-19, Pandemics
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Harrington, Rachel E.; Thijssen, Job H. J.; Hardy, Judy – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
The academic performance of undergraduate physics students at a research-intensive UK university were studied to identify whether there were any significant differences between underrepresented and overrepresented groups. Exit qualification, degree classification, average yearly marks, and course marks were analyzed to determine statistically…
Descriptors: Student Participation, Academic Achievement, Outcomes of Education, Undergraduate Students
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Satanassi, Sara; Ercolessi, Elisa; Levrini, Olivia – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
The article sets out to contribute to the educational challenge launched by the second quantum revolution. An approach to quantum computing has been outlined for secondary school students. The approach is shaped as a set of four principles that have been pointed out to design instructional materials to enhance the educational and cultural…
Descriptors: Quantum Mechanics, Computer Science Education, Secondary School Students, Teaching Methods
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Li, Qiuye; Xu, Shaorui; Chen, Yilin; Lu, Chuting; Zhou, Shaona – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
In science education, it is vital for teachers to consider students' academic and emotional needs. Teachers' prediction of students' learning states has been commonly regarded as an indicator to measure that competence to understand students. This study aimed to explore the outcome and the process of prediction to reflect teachers' pedagogical…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Attention Control, Preservice Teachers, Prediction
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Martins, Julian S.; Lindsay, William E. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
This study describes a psychometric evaluation of high school student responses to the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS), and the subsequent development of a more parsimonious attitudes and beliefs survey structure for potential use with K-12 students in physics courses aligned with the Next Generation Science Standards.…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Attitudes, Student Surveys, Factor Analysis
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Dunleavy, Spencer; Kestin, Greg; Callaghan, Kristina; McCarty, Logan; Deslauriers, Louis – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
The typical introductory physics lecture requires students to consolidate and assimilate a large quantity of complex information that is often novel to them. This can leave students overwhelmed, slow the pace of their learning, and lower their motivation. We find that carefully designed multimedia summaries in the form of one-minute videos and…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Undergraduate Students
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Wu, David G.; Heim, Ashley B.; Sundstrom, Meagan; Walsh, Cole; Holmes, N. G. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2022
As physics laboratory courses (labs) transition from traditional, model-verifying activities to discovery-based investigations, it becomes crucial to understand the role of the instructor in the implementation of various lab types. Prior work has started to address this need by examining either coarse-grained frequencies or fine-grained content of…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Science Laboratories, Teacher Role
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