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Dew, Matthew; Perry, Jonathan; Ford, Lewis; Bassichis, William; Erukhimova, Tatiana – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
Studies examining gender differences in introductory physics show a consensus when it comes to a gender gap on conceptual assessments; however, the story is not as clear when it comes to differences in gendered performance on exams. This study examined whether gendered differences exist on midterm and final exams in introductory physics courses…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Introductory Courses, Land Grant Universities, Physics
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Burkholder, Eric W.; Murillo-Gonzalez, Gabriel; Wieman, Carl – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
Previous work has looked at the relationship between high school preparation and student performance in calculus-based introductory mechanics (physics 1) courses. Here, we extend that work to look at performance in introductory calculus-based electricity and magnetism (physics 2), and we look at the significance of what college math courses have…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Introductory Courses, Calculus
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Wheatley, Christopher; Wells, James; Henderson, Rachel; Stewart, John – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
The Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM) is a widely used multiple-choice instrument measuring a student's conceptual understanding of electricity and magnetism. This study applied modified module analysis (MMA) and modified module analysis-partial (MMA-P), network analytic methods that identify groups of correlated responses, to…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Energy, Multiple Choice Tests
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Mikkelsen, Nils J.; Young, Nicholas T.; Caballero, Marcos D. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
Despite limiting access to applicants from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups, the practice of using hard or soft Graduate Record Examination (GRE) cutoff scores in physics graduate program admissions is still a popular method for reducing the pool of applicants. The present study considers whether the undergraduate institutions of…
Descriptors: Doctoral Programs, Admission Criteria, Selective Admission, Scores
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Stewart, John; Cochran, Geraldine L.; Henderson, Rachel; Zabriskie, Cabot; DeVore, Seth; Miller, Paul; Stewart, Gay; Michaluk, Lynnette – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
This study examined the mediation and moderation of membership in a demographic group underrepresented in physics classes on course outcomes measured by course grades and Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE) post-test scores. The study used a large dataset (N ¼ 4490) of course grades, SAT and ACT mathematics scores (ACTM), and matched…
Descriptors: Performance Factors, Academic Achievement, College Preparation, College Entrance Examinations
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Susac, Ana; Planinic, Maja; Bubic, Andreja; Jelicic, Katarina; Ivanjek, Lana; Cvenic, Karolina Matejak; Palmovic, Marijan – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
Recognition of interference and diffraction patterns is a difficult task for both high-school and university students. Many students fail to observe important features of particular patterns and identify the differences among similar patterns. In this study, we investigated if performing students' investigative experiments can help high-school…
Descriptors: Investigations, Experiments, Hands on Science, Optics
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Glamocic, Džana Salibašic; Mešic, Vanes; Neumann, Knut; Sušac, Ana; Boone, William J.; Aviani, Ivica; Hasovic, Elvedin; Erceg, Nataša; Repnik, Robert; Grubelnik, Vladimir – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
Item banks are generally considered the basis of a new generation of educational measurement. In combination with specialized software, they can facilitate the computerized assembling of multiple pre-equated test forms. However, for advantages of item banks to become fully realized it is important that the item banks store a relatively large…
Descriptors: Item Banks, Test Items, Item Response Theory, Item Sampling
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Brookes, David T.; Yang, Yuehai; Nainabasti, Binod – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
We conducted a semester-long ethnographic study of group work in a physics class that implemented the investigative science learning environment approach. Students' conversations were videotaped while they were engaged in group learning activities. Our primary research goal was to better understand what factors made some groups more effective than…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Physics, Science Instruction, Video Technology
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Lawton, Ericka; Obenland, Carrie; Barr, Christopher; Cushing, Matthew; Nichol, Carolyn – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
Physics program for girls (PPG) is a two-week program held every summer since 2006, with the goal of engaging young women in inquiry-based physics experiments and to connect them with female science, technology, engineering, and mathematics professional role models. The program recruits young women to participate the summer after they have taken…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Outcomes of Education
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Brown, Benjamin; Singh, Chandralekha – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
We discuss the development and validation of a conceptual multiple-choice survey instrument called the survey of thermodynamic processes and first and second laws (STPFaSL) suitable for introductory physics courses. The survey instrument uses common student difficulties with these concepts as resources in that the incorrect answers to the…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Thermodynamics, Scientific Concepts
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Robinson, Alma; Simonetti, John H.; Richardson, Kasey; Wawro, Megan – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
A large body of research shows that using interactive engagement pedagogy in the introductory physics classroom consistently results in significant student learning gains; however, with a few exceptions, those learning gains tend not to be accompanied by more expert-like attitudes and beliefs about physics and learning physics. In fact, in both…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Physics, Science Instruction, Expertise
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Yasuda, Jun-ichiro; Mae, Naohiro; Hull, Michael M.; Taniguchi, Masa-aki – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
As a method to shorten the test time of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI), we suggest the use of computerized adaptive testing (CAT). CAT is the process of administering a test on a computer, with items (i.e., questions) selected based upon the responses of the examinee to prior items. In so doing, the test length can be significantly shortened.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Student Evaluation, Computer Assisted Testing
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Ibrahim, Bashirah; Ding, Lin – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
This study examines students' visual behaviors when they tackle two types of synthesis problems, sequential and simultaneous problems. Sequential synthesis tasks can be solved by applying pertinent concepts consecutively, whereas simultaneous synthesis tasks require concurrent application of multiple concepts. Twenty-two students from an…
Descriptors: Sequential Approach, Synthesis, Problem Solving, Eye Movements
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Moshfeghyeganeh, Saeed; Hazari, Zahra – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
Women continue to be underrepresented in physics in the United States. This is while many Muslim majority (MM) countries have a high representation of women in undergraduate and graduate physics programs. While there is a growing awareness of this trend, little is being done to understand why and how this trend has manifested and how it can be…
Descriptors: Muslims, Physics, Disproportionate Representation, Gender Bias
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Walsh, Cole; Stein, Martin M.; Tapping, Ryan; Smith, Emily M.; Holmes, N. G. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2021
Omitted variable bias occurs in most statistical models. Whenever a confounding variable that is correlated with both dependent and independent variables is omitted from a statistical model, estimated effects of included variables are likely to be biased due to omitted variables. This issue is particularly problematic in physics education research…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Education, Educational Research, Statistical Bias
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