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Potvin, Geoff; Hazari, Zahra; Khatri, Raina; Cheng, Hemeng; Head, T. Blake; Lock, Robynne M.; Kornahrens, Anne F.; Woodle, Kathryne Sparks; Vieyra, Rebecca E.; Cunningham, Beth A.; Kramer, Laird; Hodapp, Theodore – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Women and many people of color continue to be minoritized in STEM and notably in physics. We conducted two studies demonstrating that exposure to counternarratives about "who does physics" and "why one does physics" significantly increases high school students--especially women's--physics-related career intentions. These…
Descriptors: Physics, Females, Career Choice, STEM Education
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Wang, Jianlan; Wang, Yuanhua; Wipfli, Kyle; Thacker, Beth; Hart, Stephanie – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Learning assistants (LAs) play an important role in inquiry-oriented physics instruction in large classrooms. LAs increase the teacher-student ratio and provide timely support to student exploration. Questioning is believed to be an advantageous strategy for LAs to scaffold student learning and maintain students as the agent of knowledge…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Science Instruction, Physics, Large Group Instruction
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White, Gary; Sikorski, Tiffany-Rose; Landay, Justin; Ahmed, Maryam – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Limiting case analysis (LCA) is important to practicing physicists. Yet, there is little concrete guidance for physics educators, and a lack of consensus in the research community about how to help students learn, and learn from, limiting case analysis. In this study, we first review existing literature to find commonalities and variations in how…
Descriptors: Energy, Magnets, Physics, Science Education
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Richards, Zachary; Kelly, Angela M. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
The present study examined demographic and academic predictors of astronomy performance among a cohort of N=1909 community college students enrolled in astronomy courses in a large suburban community college during a four-year time frame, 2015-2019. The theoretical framework was based upon a deconstructive approach for predicting community college…
Descriptors: Grade Prediction, Community College Students, Astronomy, Predictor Variables
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Phillips, A. M.; Gouvea, E. J.; Gravel, B. E.; Beachemin, P. -H.; Atherton, T. J. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Computation is intertwined with essentially all aspects of physics research and is invaluable for physicists' careers. Despite its disciplinary importance, integration of computation into physics education remains a challenge and, moreover, has tended to be constructed narrowly as a route to solving physics problems. Here, we broaden Physics…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Models
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Felker, Zachary; Chen, Zhongzhou – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
We examine the effectiveness of a planning prompt intervention to reduce procrastination on online homework for college students. The intervention asked students to indicate their intention to earn small amounts of extra credit for completing assignments earlier and form a plan to realize their intentions. Students' learning behavior is measured…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Introductory Courses, Homework
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Sirnoorkar, Amogh; Bergeron, Paul D. O.; Laverty, James T. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Researchers in physics education have advocated both for including modeling in science classrooms as well as promoting student engagement with sensemaking. These two processes facilitate the generation of new knowledge by connecting to one's existing ideas. Despite being two distinct processes, modeling is often described as sensemaking of the…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Learner Engagement, Student Attitudes
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Oliver, Kristin A.; Werth, Alexandra; Lewandowski, H. J. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Participation in undergraduate research experiences (UREs) has been identified as an important way of increasing undergraduate retention, interest, and identity within the sciences. Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) have been shown to have similar outcomes to UREs but can reach a larger number of students at one time and are…
Descriptors: Student Experience, Student Research, Scientific Research, Distance Education
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Mathis, Clausell; Daane, Abigail R.; Rodriguez, Brandon; Hernandez, Jessica; Huynh, Tra – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Culturally relevant pedagogy (CRP) described in Ladson-Billings' framework has three conceptions: "conceptions of self and others," "conceptions of knowledge," and "conceptions of social relations." Instructors can support students with positive learning experiences when they are cognizant of all three conceptions. In…
Descriptors: Culturally Relevant Education, Self Concept, Knowledge Level, Interpersonal Relationship
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Borish, Victoria; Lewandowski, H. J. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
As quantum information science and technology (QIST) is becoming more prevalent and occurring not only in research labs but also in industry, many educators are considering how best to incorporate learning about quantum mechanics into various levels of education. Although much of the focus has been on quantum concepts in nonlab courses, current…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Undergraduate Study, Science Laboratories, Quantum Mechanics
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Crossette, Nathan; Carr, Lincoln D.; Wilcox, Bethany R. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Social network analysis (SNA) has been gaining traction as a technique for quantitatively studying student collaboration. We analyze networks, constructed from student self-reports of collaboration on homework assignments, in two courses from the University of Colorado Boulder and one course from the Colorado School of Mines. All three courses…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Cooperation, Student Behavior, Homework
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Mi, Shuaishuai; Ye, Jianqiang; Li, Yan; Bi, Hualin – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
This study developed and validated an instrument to investigate senior school students' understanding of electrostatics and provide a cognitive diagnostic assessment of their strengths and weaknesses on the related concepts (e.g., electric charge). The instrument included 20 four-tier multiple-choice items and the development process is organized…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, High School Students, Student Evaluation
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Galano, Silvia; Liccardo, Antonella; Amodeo, Anna Lisa; Crispino, Marianna; Tarallo, Oreste; Testa, Italo – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
We investigated how the endorsement of gender stereotypes affects disciplinary identity across three different science-technology-engineering-mathematics (STEM) areas: physics, biology, and chemistry, and whether such relationship is mediated by self-concept constructs, such as self-efficacy and perceived academic control. Building on the…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, High School Students, Self Concept, STEM Education
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Coletta, Vincent P. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
Recently Burkholder "et al." argued that class normalized gains over the entire population of courses is approximated by a Cauchy distribution, not by a normal distribution, and therefore should not be used to compare different classes because means and standard deviations cannot be calculated. They argued that multiple linear regression…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation
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Franklin, Maxwell; Brewe, Eric; Ponnock, Annette R. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2023
This study examines survey data from 2127 undergraduate women at the 2015 and 2019 American Physical Society Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics (CUWiP) in order to classify what led them to study physics. We use expectancy-value and self-efficacy theory to create a coding framework based on different types of value and efficacy…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Females, Physics, Value Judgment
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