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Hlavacik, Mark – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Since its founding in 1979, one of the U.S. Department of Education's primary missions has been to promote civil debate about the condition of our schools and colleges. Our past secretaries of education -- 12 of them in all -- have recognized that they have important rhetorical responsibilities, not only to call attention to the urgent educational…
Descriptors: Education, Public Agencies, Public Schools, Government Role
Stitzlein, Sarah M.; Abowitz, Kathleen Knight – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Societal stories about school do not just reflect our current views and values, they also shape our political preferences and the realities that result from them. In recent decades, stories of the traditional common school and its more collectivist, shared culture have given way to newer stories oriented around competition and choice. Sarah…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Public Schools, Traditional Schools, Urban Schools
Delamarter, Jeremy – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Preservice teachers base their expectations of teaching on the cultural images that surround them. Unfortunately, these images tell an incomplete story, and preservice teachers' expectations of teaching often reflect a narrow understanding of a fantastically complex endeavor. Jeremy Delamarter explains that, to help their candidates thrive,…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, Expectation, Teaching (Occupation)
Santoro, Doris A. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
When teachers talk about leaving the profession, they are commonly described as "burnt out." But for many, argues Doris Santoro, that's not the real story. In truth, most teachers enter teaching because they want to pursue moral commitments to the well-being of their students, colleagues, and communities. In-depth interviews with…
Descriptors: Teacher Burnout, Teaching Conditions, Teacher Attitudes, Moral Values
Heller, Rafael – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
In this month's interview, Kappan's editor talks with Paul Kuttner and Kevin Coe about their recent research into how network television news programs have covered preK-12 education. They found that, over the last 35 years, coverage of education has been rare, well under 1% of total coverage. Stories tend to focus on individual teachers and…
Descriptors: Television, News Media, News Reporting, Elementary Secondary Education
Hamilton, Stephen F. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Current career pathways initiatives recapitulate in many ways both the issues motivating the school-to-work movement of the 1980s and 1990s and its recommended solutions, notably more work-based learning, especially apprenticeship. But that movement's energy dissipated in the face of college for all. Nonetheless, some of its achievements and many…
Descriptors: Career Development, Education Work Relationship, Apprenticeships, Work Experience Programs
Vissing, Yvonne – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
As students compete for college admission, some are tempted by invitations to join honor societies that promise learning opportunities, scholarships, and a leg up in the college admission process. Yvonne Vissing explains how these organization target millions of students each year, encouraging them to purchase "opportunities" that fail…
Descriptors: Honor Societies, College Admission, Deception, National Organizations
Housiaux, Andrew – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Parents and teachers alike express concern about how much time teenagers spend on their cell phones today, but what do the teenagers themselves think? Andrew Housiaux, a philosophy teacher at a boarding school in Massachusetts, asked his students to give up their cell phones for three days and write about the experience. Their reflections showed…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Telecommunications, Time on Task, Addictive Behavior
Watson, Michael – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
The move toward assessments that measure student growth, rather than just proficiency, has been perceived as an improvement in state accountability systems. However, Michael Watson explains that, for many students, these measures present an incomplete picture. Because they are based on grade-level assessments, any growth achieved by students who…
Descriptors: Student Development, Measurement Techniques, Achievement Gains, Evaluation Methods
Rymes, Betsy – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Carelessly used language can create offense and miscommunication, so it's important for students and teachers alike to pay attention to the language they use. Betsy Rymes advocates adopting a practice of citizen sociolinguistics, which involves curiosity about the differences in the way people use language. She encourages teachers to build on…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Interpersonal Communication, Sociolinguistics, Consciousness Raising
Torff, Bruce; Murphy, Audrey Figueroa – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
A persistent achievement gap for English learners (ELs) has prompted educators to search for contributing factors and pedagogical solutions. Research by Bruce Torff and Audrey Figueroa Murphy shows teachers' beliefs about rigor of curriculum may contribute to the problem; teachers supported less rigorous curriculum for ELs, evincing a "rigor…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Curriculum, Difficulty Level, Achievement Gap
Hruby, George G. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Current conversations about children's literacy have focused on the need for more phonics and decoding instruction and have sidelined the importance of children's language development, argues George Hruby. Language development involves more than the ability to decode written language. The ability to understand the meaning of those words is also…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Language Arts, Language Acquisition, Literacy Education
Holmberg, Carrie; Muwwakkil, Jamaal – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Linguists have found that certain dynamics of conversation are consistent across languages worldwide, and these dynamics can affect the classroom discussions that teachers use to assess student understanding and make instructional decisions. Carrie Holmberg and Jamaal Muwwakkil discuss how conversational pauses, for example, might lead questioners…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Questioning Techniques, Responses
Garcia, Amaya – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
In 2016, California voters overturned a 1998 law that curtailed bilingual instruction throughout the state. After nearly 20 years of "English only" programs, what will it take to restore the schools' capacity to provide a broader range of services to English Learners, including dual language immersion and other forms of bilingual…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, English Language Learners, Public Schools, English Only Movement
Shaffer, Michael B.; Dincher, Bridget – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Following Brown v. Board of Education, schools known as "segregation academies" that were created for the purpose of allowing White students to be educated without contact with Black students proliferated in the southern United States. While the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited such segregation, these schools remained in existence for…
Descriptors: School Choice, School Segregation, White Students, African American Students
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