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Khachatryan, Edit; Parkerson, Emma – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Teachers have historically been at the margins of educational improvement, and they are just beginning to drive improvements in the profession. Networked improvement communities (NICs) are one approach for collective reprofessionalization of teaching, where practice is defined and managed by practitioners. Edit Khachatryan and Emma Parkerson offer…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Teacher Role, Communities of Practice, Educational Change
Grossman, Pam – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Previous efforts to strengthen the teaching profession have aimed to copy the ways in which law, medicine, and architecture achieved that status -- for example, by carving out decision-making autonomy, controlling who enters the field, and building a specialized knowledge base. What has been missing, however, have been efforts to clarify precisely…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Teacher Responsibility, Teaching Methods, Career Choice
García, Emma; Weiss, Elaine – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
The question of whether teaching is a profession, with all the status and responsibilities that entails, is not as settled as some believe. Emma García and Elaine Weiss look at the requirements and characteristics of a profession and examine data from teachers and find that teaching, as currently experienced by teachers, does not measure up to the…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Certification, Elementary Secondary Education, Teacher Education Programs
Phelps, Geoffrey; Sykes, Gary – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Licensure tests play a critical role in any profession. Well-designed tests both delineate the core competencies that are required to enter a profession and provide evidence that candidates can safely practice in the profession. They also identify the professional knowledge and skill that differentiates any educated individual from the…
Descriptors: Licensing Examinations (Professions), Knowledge Base for Teaching, Teacher Certification, Teacher Competency Testing
Borden-King, Lisa; Gamas, Warren; Hintz, Kathy; Hultz, Chelsie – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Accreditation agencies and organizations calling for higher academic standards in the teaching profession have called for increasing minimum grade point averages and scores on standardized tests. However, it's not clear that these requirements actually improve teaching. Lisa Borden-King, Warren Gamas, Kathy Hintz, and Chelsie Hultz researched…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Grade Point Average, Scores, Student Teacher Evaluation
Heller, Rafael – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Kappan's editor-in-chief talks with renowned scholar Susan Moore Johnson about her extensive research into the professional lives of public school teachers. For decades, studies have shown that teaching tends to be isolating work, with few opportunities for teachers to collaborate with and learn from each other or to play meaningful roles in…
Descriptors: Interviews, School Organization, Public School Teachers, Urban Schools
Baker, Bruce D.; Cotto, Robert, Jr. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
An analysis of school district spending across the U.S. reveals 66 districts where the students face much greater needs than in surrounding districts (i.e., child poverty is more than 20% higher) but where per-pupil spending is less than 90% of the region's average. This not only means that they have less money to spend on children who require…
Descriptors: School Districts, Educational Finance, Financial Support, Hispanic American Students
Saclarides, Evthokia Stephanie; Lubienski, Sarah Theule – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Little attention has been given to better understanding how to effectively evaluate the work of instructional coaches. This study by Evthokia Stephanie Saclarides and Sarah Theule Lubienski illustrates how a new evaluation system for coaches was implemented in one mid-size, urban district. They describe two ways in which the Evaluation Tool…
Descriptors: Coaching (Performance), Evaluation Methods, School Districts, Teacher Improvement
Labaree, David F. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Bureaucracies are often perceived as inflexible, impersonal, hierarchical, and too devoted to rules and red tape. But David Labaree makes a case for these characteristics being a positive in the world of public education. U.S. schools are built within a liberal democratic system, where the liberal pursuit of self-interest is often in tension with…
Descriptors: Public Education, Democratic Values, Equal Education, Administrative Organization
Hlavacik, Mark – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Since its founding in 1979, one of the U.S. Department of Education's primary missions has been to promote civil debate about the condition of our schools and colleges. Our past secretaries of education -- 12 of them in all -- have recognized that they have important rhetorical responsibilities, not only to call attention to the urgent educational…
Descriptors: Education, Public Agencies, Public Schools, Government Role
Stitzlein, Sarah M.; Abowitz, Kathleen Knight – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Societal stories about school do not just reflect our current views and values, they also shape our political preferences and the realities that result from them. In recent decades, stories of the traditional common school and its more collectivist, shared culture have given way to newer stories oriented around competition and choice. Sarah…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Public Schools, Traditional Schools, Urban Schools
Delamarter, Jeremy – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Preservice teachers base their expectations of teaching on the cultural images that surround them. Unfortunately, these images tell an incomplete story, and preservice teachers' expectations of teaching often reflect a narrow understanding of a fantastically complex endeavor. Jeremy Delamarter explains that, to help their candidates thrive,…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, Expectation, Teaching (Occupation)
Santoro, Doris A. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
When teachers talk about leaving the profession, they are commonly described as "burnt out." But for many, argues Doris Santoro, that's not the real story. In truth, most teachers enter teaching because they want to pursue moral commitments to the well-being of their students, colleagues, and communities. In-depth interviews with…
Descriptors: Teacher Burnout, Teaching Conditions, Teacher Attitudes, Moral Values
Heller, Rafael – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
In this month's interview, Kappan's editor talks with Paul Kuttner and Kevin Coe about their recent research into how network television news programs have covered preK-12 education. They found that, over the last 35 years, coverage of education has been rare, well under 1% of total coverage. Stories tend to focus on individual teachers and…
Descriptors: Television, News Media, News Reporting, Elementary Secondary Education
Hamilton, Stephen F. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
Current career pathways initiatives recapitulate in many ways both the issues motivating the school-to-work movement of the 1980s and 1990s and its recommended solutions, notably more work-based learning, especially apprenticeship. But that movement's energy dissipated in the face of college for all. Nonetheless, some of its achievements and many…
Descriptors: Career Development, Education Work Relationship, Apprenticeships, Work Experience Programs
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