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Ahmed, Nuwar – Penn GSE Perspectives on Urban Education, 2013
This article offers the author's views about the business aspects of school administration in the U.S., and discusses the mass school closures in Washington, D.C., New York City, and Chicago. These closures were intended to improve the educational systems within those cities, yet none have benefited from these reforms. She also explains the…
Descriptors: School Closing, Resistance to Change, Cost Effectiveness, Standardized Tests