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Strohl, Nicholas M.; Ris, Ethan W. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
The work of the 1946-1948 President's Commission on Higher Education was unquestionably influenced by the immediate aftermath of World War II. In this article, we examine the backgrounds and ideas of 10 commissioners to argue that their efforts were also deeply influenced by their experience of a different world war. The 1914-1918 "Great…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational History, World History, War
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Palmadessa, Allison L. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
In this critical historical analysis, "Higher Education for American Democracy" is considered a historical artifact, and its veneration as a landmark quest for equal opportunity in higher education is challenged. I argue that this report and the institutional expansion that resulted positioned the federal government to have a direct role…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Democracy, Ideology, Patriotism
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Chapple, Cynthia; Ferguson, Dionne; Lewis-Harris, Jacquelyn A.; McCoy, Art; Williams, Aaron; Dixson, Adrienne; Morris, Jerome E. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
On November 14th, 2022, a group of Black community leaders from the Saint Louis, Missouri, area met to discuss their experiences with the serious issues surrounding urban schools in their communities. Although this discussion is specific to a particular time and place, the concerns expressed, and solutions, offered are transferrable to many other…
Descriptors: Urban Education, Community Education, African Americans, Urban Schools
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Dorner, Lisa M.; Moon, Jeong-Mi; Freire, Juan; Gambrell, James; Kasun, G. Sue; Cervantes-Soon, Claudia – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
Across the United States, cities like St. Louis may be perceived as predominantly Black/White and monolingual. In such places, there are often few state resources and expertise driving the new growth of dual language bilingual education (DLBE)--that is, policies and programs that aim to develop students' bilingualism and biculturalism from an…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Bilingual Education, Biculturalism, Racial Integration
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Butler-Barnes, Sheretta T.; Evans, Khrysta A.; Leath, Seanna; Burnett, Marketa; Inniss-Thompson, Misha N. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
Black girls face the challenge of developing a healthy sense of self because of racism and sexism in school settings. Building on extant literature, this study examines a sample of socioeconomically diverse Black girls' in predominately White, Black, and racially and ethnically diverse school settings. Data collection included focus groups with…
Descriptors: Racism, Gender Bias, Institutional Characteristics, Educational Environment
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Morris, Jerome E.; Paul, Zori A. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
The St. Louis Voluntary Desegregation program, and its corollary, the Interdistrict Transfer Plan, have existed in some form since 1983. At its height, approximately 13,000 Black students from the city of St. Louis transferred into predominantly White and suburban school districts, representing the largest voluntary desegregation plan in the…
Descriptors: African American Students, Minority Group Students, School Desegregation, Transfer Students
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Duncan-Shippy, Ebony M. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
Since 1990, over 40% of schools have closed in the St. Louis Public Schools District (SLPSD) because of steep enrollment decline. Tracing educational trends over 30 years, I examine when, where, and why K-12 public schools closed in St. Louis in order to highlight the social conditions and policy decisions that contract contemporary urban…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, School Closing, School Districts, School Community Relationship
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Malczewski, Joan – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
President Truman asked the 1947 Commission on Higher Education to consider ways to expand educational opportunities to all Americans. The commission responded in Volume II of HEAD, a progressive document that recommended substantial federal support for higher education, particularly in the form of student aid. The American Council on Education…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, Student Financial Aid, Higher Education
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Schrum, Ethan – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
In the 3 years prior to Harry Truman's establishment of the President's Commission on Higher Education in 1946, the Association of American Colleges (AAC), the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS), and Harvard University all released reports on the relationship of general or liberal education to the political order. This historiographical…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Reports, Democracy, Political Influences
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Ris, Ethan W. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
The purported "Golden Age" of American higher education, typically associated with the two decades following World War II, was marked by increasingly generous federal support of the nation's postsecondary institutions and their students. Unlike analyses that attribute this largesse to factors like geopolitics (i.e., a response to the…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Crisis Management, Emergency Programs, Educational History
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Lance, Keith Curry; Kachel, Debra E.; Gerrity, Caitlin – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
The School Librarian Investigation--Decline or Evolution? (SLIDE) project is a federally funded study of the almost 20% national decline in the number of full-time equivalents (FTEs) of school librarians between 2015 and 2019, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. In this update to the project's original research, school…
Descriptors: School Libraries, Librarians, School Districts, Poverty
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Bowden, A. Brooks; Danks, Amanda; Rodriguez, Viviana; Yang, Haisheng; Davis, Rebecca – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, many districts sought digital learning solutions to recover from learning loss, improve equity, and prepare for future interruptions. With this paper, we aim to provide information to policymakers and legislators regarding the value of resources needed to successfully implement comprehensive digital learning…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, School Districts, Resource Allocation, Electronic Learning
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Baker, Dominique J.; McCloud, Laila – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
Several states, including Texas, have implemented an "excess semester credit hours (ESCH)" policy. State ESCH policies assess a fee to students at public institutions when they exceed a set number of lifetime cumulative credit hours (e.g. students with more than the 120 credit hours needed for a bachelor's degree). In this article, we…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Policy, College Credits, Degree Requirements
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Gordon, Carol A.; Cicchetti, Robin – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
Data collected from a study of school libraries in Massachusetts provide source material that identifies barriers and enablers related to equitable access and meaningful use of school library resources and services. These quantitative and qualitative survey data supplied by school librarians across rural, urban, and suburban schools describe…
Descriptors: School Libraries, Library Services, Resources, Social Justice
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Hart, Cassandra M. D.; Linden, Robert; Jacob, Brian; Loeb, Susanna – Peabody Journal of Education, 2023
A common rationale for offering online courses in K-12 schools is that they allow students to take courses not offered at their schools; however, there has been little research on how online courses are used to expand curricular options when operating at scale. We assess the extent to which students and schools use online courses for this purpose…
Descriptors: High School Students, Online Courses, Guidelines, Distance Education
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