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Beadie, Nancy – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
After the Civil War (1861-1865), the United States faced a problem of "reconstruction" similar to that confronted by other nations at the time and familiar to the US since at least the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The problem was one of territorial and political (re)integration: how to take territories that had only recently been…
Descriptors: United States History, War, Politics, Educational History
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Bekerman, Zvi; Zembylas, Michalinos – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
The present paper deals with epistemological and methodological issues as these touch upon the products of educational practices related to the teaching of historical narratives in settings purposely created to facilitate dialogue, inclusion and recognition among children thought to be belonging in clearly differentiated and antagonistic groups in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Conflict, Epistemology, Educational Practices
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Rury, John L.; Darby, Derrick – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This paper examines the impact of war on African-American education. This question is considered in three different periods: the eras of the American Revolution, the Civil War and the Second World War. Large-scale conflict, such as these instances of total war, can afford historical moments when oppressed groups are able take steps to improve…
Descriptors: War, African American Education, Educational History, United States History
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Kennedy, Katharine – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
A crucial historical intersection of war and education asks how schooling contributed to convincing people to fight and to sacrifice their own lives, and those of their loved ones, in wars. This article addresses this question by asking how primary schools, in one country, namely Germany, over several tumultuous generations, used songs to teach…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Singing, War
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Sutcliffe, Marcella P. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This paper focuses on the reading and educational practices of common soldiers during the First World War. It argues that the question of how war libraries were imagined and constructed by civilians needs to be framed in the larger context of pre-war Edwardian debates surrounding the "value of books" in society. Indeed, it was within…
Descriptors: War, World History, Reading Habits, Educational Practices
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McClellan, Ann K. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
Applying the critical lenses of feminism, autographical theory and literary analysis, this essay performs a triple reading of Vera Brittain's multi-genre writings about gender, war,and university education. Focusing specifically on "The Dark Tide" (1923), "Testament of Youth" (1933) and "The Women of Oxford" (1960),…
Descriptors: War, World History, Autobiographies, Fiction
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Mahamud Angulo, Kira; Groves, Tamar; Milito Barone, Cecilia Cristina; Hernández Laina, Yovana – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article explores visions of war and peace in the education system during the Spanish transition to democracy. During those years, the Spanish state was faced with the challenge of leaving its authoritarian political past behind and forging a democratic civic culture. As the concepts of war and peace are inextricably linked to those of state…
Descriptors: Civics, War, Peace, Democracy
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Scholz, Joachim; Berdelmann, Kathrin – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
The outbreak of the First World War had a powerful impact on German schools. Undoubtedly, schools were institutions of socialisation that did offer support to the war. Indeed, research has shown that a specific "war pedagogy" made an aggressive propaganda possible in the classroom. This research usually emphasises the enthusiasm for war…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, War, Educational History, Socialization
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Pruneri, Fabio – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
In 1945, Italian society was in crisis. Twenty years of fascism and the aerial bombing and military offensives of the Second World War had left the civilian population suffering and the nation in need of reinvention. In this difficult context, certain anti-fascist intellectuals devised the interesting pedagogical experiment of the 11 Convitti…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, War, Adult Education, World History
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Ku, Hsiao-Yuh – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
R.H. Tawney (1880-1962), a leading English economic historian and prominent socialist, was vigorously involved in educational reconstruction during the Second World War. For Tawney, the war was a war for social democracy. His ideals of social democracy formed a basis for his case for Public (independent) School reform and free secondary education…
Descriptors: Democracy, War, Educational History, Educational Change
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Gündüz, Mustafa – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
Turkey witnessed many educational and cultural policy innovations between 1938 and 1950. Realising strictly secular practices against religion and traditional culture pre-1946, political elites of the time aimed to construct a "humanistic culture" unique to Turkey. Educational policies were considered the most efficient tools in reaching…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries
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Nieminen, Marjo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article concentrates on visual sources relating to secondary education, and asks how a collection of photographs can be understood and interpreted as part of the institutional and collective memory of one Finnish girls' school. The photographs were published in the anniversary books of the school. They construct an entirety, where public…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Females, Single Sex Schools
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Priem, Karin – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article focuses on senses, emotions and cultural practices such as writing, reading and speaking in West Germany after 1945. The period immediately following the end of the Second World War--the so-called "Stunde Null", or "zero hour"--has generally been seen as a time of new beginnings, also with regard to cleansing the…
Descriptors: Educational History, Foreign Countries, German, Emotional Response
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van der Vlies, Tina – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article aims to contribute to the field of textbook research by exploring a new approach in textbook analysis. Inspired by Michael Rothberg's concept of multidirectional memory, this article examines multidirectional narratives in history textbooks: narratives that combine different histories, places and times in a productive way. They…
Descriptors: War, History, History Instruction, Content Analysis
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Westberg, Johannes – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article discusses the significance of in-kind taxation and payments in kind for the establishment of an elementary school system in Sweden, in the 1840-1870 period. By analysing the funding of teachers' wages, the heating of the school facilities, and school building construction in the 12 rural school districts of the Sundsvall region, this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Schools, Educational Finance, Taxes
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