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Kallaway, Peter – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
Contemporary educational policy discourse in South Africa that seeks to serve the poor and address equity issues needs to engage with the roots of twentieth-century social reform debates if it meets its goals. One of the weaknesses of the templates for reform at the present time is that they often fail to engage with progressive traditions which…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Equal Education, Social Action
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de Coninck-Smith, Ning – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
In 1946 the well-known Danish educator Sofie Rifbjerg (1886-1991) travelled for six months to the USA. The purpose of her trip was to study American developmental psychology. On her way she spent some time at the Institute of Child Welfare at the University of California, Berkeley. The institute had become famous because of its working on…
Descriptors: Study Centers, Child Welfare, Child Care Centers, Developmental Psychology
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Grosvenor, Ian – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
We teach them the craft of word-spinning. The damage is done, we should be teaching them the art of seeing. (Frank Pick) In 1937 the Council for Art and Industry sponsored a national exhibition in London of materials "for use in connection with teaching in elementary schools." Local Education Authorities were encouraged to send…
Descriptors: Elementary Schools, Foreign Countries, Instructional Materials, Aesthetic Education
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Armitage, Marc – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
Since the very earliest times, schools have provided a place (the playground) and a time (playtimes) in which children can have time away from the direct involvement of adults and formal learning. Although the basic design of school grounds has changed in a number of ways over the years, from the subtle to the more direct, what effect these…
Descriptors: Educational Facilities Design, Playgrounds, Play, Children
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Staiger, Annegret – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
A daily war is waged in schools all over the United States over wall space. Adolescents are using school walls to convey messages, create name recognition, slander each other, or for claiming territorial space. On the other side is the school administration, which paints over and erases these unsanctioned claims to space, power and identity, as it…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Ethnography, Urban Schools, Aggression
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Burke, Catherine – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
Food and drink are associated with survival and for children and young people the edible landscape represents an essential part of survival in the modern school. Within any institution that "contains" persons over time, such as schools, hospitals and prisons, the organization and control of eating and drinking takes on a particularly…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Student Attitudes, Teaching Methods, Educational Environment
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Goodman, Joyce – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
The nineteenth-century founders of academic girls' secondary schools in England often used an existing building, frequently a former dwelling-house, adding to it as resources increased and curricula developed, before moving to a purpose-built school as the venture prospered. As municipal secondary schools for girls developed in England in the wake…
Descriptors: Womens Education, Public Schools, Secondary Schools, School Location
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Vera, Eugenia Roldan – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
In this article the author looks at the appropriation of the monitorial system of education across a number of Spanish American countries between 1818 and c. 1844. The British understanding of the method is compared with the Spanish American perception of it (privileging the similarities rather than the differences in perception among Spanish…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Student Attitudes, Personal Autonomy
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Caruso, Marcelo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
This contribution deals with the adoption and interpretation of the monitorial system of education in Colombia between 1821 and 1844, a period during which this pedagogical method was almost mandatory for all the country's elementary schools. The analysis focuses on the differences between "local necessities" and "local semantic…
Descriptors: Persistence, Semantics, Foreign Countries, Educational Practices
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Marak, Andrae M. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
This article examines the politics behind the initial centralization of primary education in Chihuahua, Mexico during the 1920s and 1930s. The article argues that the centralization of primary education was one of many tools used by the federal government to consolidate its power in the wake of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1917) and create a…
Descriptors: Centralization, Foreign Countries, Federal Government, City Government
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Turmel, Andre – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
This paper presents how the medico-hygienist model of childhood, which had prevailed throughout the nineteenth century, was replaced at the turn of the twentieth century by the novel developmental model, which arose in the first decades of the 1900s and was later systematised by Piaget, Spock, etc. The medico-hygienist model revolved around core…
Descriptors: Models, Child Development, Social Change, Developmental Stages
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Fuchs, Eckhardt – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
Internationalism became one of the keywords in the international intellectual and political debates at the end of the nineteenth century. As a political, cultural and social movement it also included science and education. The desire for international cooperation and global understanding was caused by the growing economic interdependence in the…
Descriptors: Politics of Education, International Cooperation, Educational Change, Ethics
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Lindmark, Daniel – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
This article investigates the function served by embarking on a teaching career in the Latin school system for recruitment to the clergy in early modern Sweden. The study is restricted to the eighty-nine teachers serving at Pitea Grammar School in Northern Sweden in the period from 1650 to 1849. The investigation pays considerable attention to the…
Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers, Careers, Clergy, Foreign Countries
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Smaller, Harry – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
In 1885, following a period of severe economic depression and social unrest in colonial Canada, state teachers in rural Perth County, Ontario met and formed the nucleus of what could clearly be described as a teachers' union. The idea spread quickly, and within six months the founding convention of a province-wide union was held in Toronto.…
Descriptors: Unions, Political Attitudes, Foreign Countries, State Schools
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Anderson, Robert – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
The title echoes the well-known phrase "the idea of the university", and European universities have always been seen as institutions with a strong international dimension, developing according to common patterns. In their case, it was the "Humboldtian" model embodied in the University of Berlin founded in 1810 which prevailed.…
Descriptors: Secondary Schools, Foreign Countries, Models, Historians
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