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Marak, Andrae M. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
This article examines the politics behind the initial centralization of primary education in Chihuahua, Mexico during the 1920s and 1930s. The article argues that the centralization of primary education was one of many tools used by the federal government to consolidate its power in the wake of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1917) and create a…
Descriptors: Centralization, Foreign Countries, Federal Government, City Government
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Turmel, Andre – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
This paper presents how the medico-hygienist model of childhood, which had prevailed throughout the nineteenth century, was replaced at the turn of the twentieth century by the novel developmental model, which arose in the first decades of the 1900s and was later systematised by Piaget, Spock, etc. The medico-hygienist model revolved around core…
Descriptors: Models, Child Development, Social Change, Developmental Stages
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Fuchs, Eckhardt – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
Internationalism became one of the keywords in the international intellectual and political debates at the end of the nineteenth century. As a political, cultural and social movement it also included science and education. The desire for international cooperation and global understanding was caused by the growing economic interdependence in the…
Descriptors: Politics of Education, International Cooperation, Educational Change, Ethics
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Lindmark, Daniel – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
This article investigates the function served by embarking on a teaching career in the Latin school system for recruitment to the clergy in early modern Sweden. The study is restricted to the eighty-nine teachers serving at Pitea Grammar School in Northern Sweden in the period from 1650 to 1849. The investigation pays considerable attention to the…
Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers, Careers, Clergy, Foreign Countries
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Smaller, Harry – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
In 1885, following a period of severe economic depression and social unrest in colonial Canada, state teachers in rural Perth County, Ontario met and formed the nucleus of what could clearly be described as a teachers' union. The idea spread quickly, and within six months the founding convention of a province-wide union was held in Toronto.…
Descriptors: Unions, Political Attitudes, Foreign Countries, State Schools
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Anderson, Robert – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
The title echoes the well-known phrase "the idea of the university", and European universities have always been seen as institutions with a strong international dimension, developing according to common patterns. In their case, it was the "Humboldtian" model embodied in the University of Berlin founded in 1810 which prevailed.…
Descriptors: Secondary Schools, Foreign Countries, Models, Historians
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de Bellaigue, Christina – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
This article develops a comparative analysis of lay boarding schools for girls in France and England in the first part of the nineteenth century, demonstrating that the character of school life in the two countries differed markedly. Contemporary observers such as Matthew Arnold, Henry Montucci and Jacques Demogeot visited boys' schools on either…
Descriptors: Boarding Schools, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Females
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Albisetti, James C. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
In preparing the law that established the French system of public secondary schools for girls, Camille See and his supporters conducted a major survey of female education in other countries. Yet they used the information gathered much more to demonstrate French backwardness than to provide guidelines for the new schools; with regard to the …
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Females, Secondary Schools, School Surveys
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Butchart, Ronald E.; Rolleri, Amy F. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
Slavery in the United States denied education to the enslaved. Yet within fifteen years of the beginning of the American Civil War and the freeing of four million American slaves, the freed people and their supporters elaborated a full system of universal education in the South, including over 120 secondary and higher institutions. Historians have…
Descriptors: Historians, Equal Education, War, Slavery
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Pineau, Pablo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
One of the major changes introduced into the educational system by the first Peronist governments (1944-1955) was the organization of a course of technical education under state supervision. There has been a strong historiographical debate about the creation of the National Commission for Vocational Education and Orientation. Some have stressed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Technical Education, Working Class, Secondary Education
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Henkens, Bregt – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
In answer to economic needs and social demands, a structural innovation was introduced in secondary education in most West European countries, mainly in the 1960s. Contrary to the traditional schools, organized in vertical categories, the so-called comprehensive schools brought together all branches in one school. There was protest against this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Traditional Schools, Secondary Education, Private Schools
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Seghers, Maud – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
This article combines a historical with a social/political anthropological framework to examine the role played by the transfer of educational discourse between the United States-based Phelps-Stokes Fund and the Belgian Ministry of Colonies in the formulation of the colonial education policy of "adapted education" in the 1920s. The…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Foreign Policy, Foreign Countries, Politics of Education
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Candeias, Antonio – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
While working on the development of literacy in Portugal and comparing it with other European societies in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, I not only saw how late Portugal had been in achieving this process, but also how inaccurate the available numbers about it were. I decided that as part of securing a better understanding of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Literacy, Census Figures, Primary Sources
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Van Gorp, Angelo; Depaepe, Marc; Simon, Frank – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
The works of the Belgian neurologist and educationist Ovide Decroly (1871-1932) extended over the medical and pedagogical fields as well as both the practical-professional and the theoretical-disciplinary fields. For this reason, Decroly seemed to be a suitable starting point for a contribution to the problem outlined by Hofstetter and Schneuwly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Organizations (Groups), Sciences, Intellectual Disciplines
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Aldrich, Richard – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
This article examines the respective roles of the training of teachers and educational studies at the London Day Training College (LDTC), 1902-1932. Following an introduction that indicates different models within the United Kingdom and summarizes the subsequent history of the LDTC's successor, the Institute of Education of the University of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Education, Educational Research, Educational History
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