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Wright, Susannah – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The League of Nations Union (LNU) was one among the many organisations, in different countries, that promoted internationalist education among the young in the interwar years. But it was a particularly large and prominent one and appealed to a wide cross-section of teachers and pupils in English schools. LNU junior branches were established in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Secondary Schools, International Organizations
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Korda, Andrea – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
Through a close reading of five nineteenth-century instructional books in the Osborne Collection of Early Children's Books, this essay examines the relationship between new print technologies, memory, teaching, and learning. The article beings with a discussion of Comenius's seventeenth-century "Orbis Pictus," considered the first…
Descriptors: Memory, Imagination, Instructional Materials, Color
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Harford, Judith – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
Through the lens of nineteenth-century Irish society and through an interrogation of the diaries of one of the first women professors appointed to the National University of Ireland, this article traces the entry of women into the professoriate in Ireland. The aim of the paper is to extend the map of the international research agenda which speaks…
Descriptors: Historiography, Women Faculty, Educational History, Historians
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Flecha-García, Consuelo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
This article analyses the first women to hold teaching and research positions in Spanish universities during the first third of the twentieth century. It traces the paths of the pioneers who used their intellectual capacity to broaden the scope for their working lives. Legal changes introduced in 1910 made it possible for women with a university…
Descriptors: Women Faculty, College Faculty, Universities, Educational History
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Fitzgerald, Tanya – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The focus of this article is the first cohort of academic women who carved out an intellectual space for themselves in the Department of Home Science at the University of New Zealand. I begin with an overview of emerging appointment patterns of academic women against a backdrop of contemporary concerns about the higher education of women. I then…
Descriptors: Universities, Women Faculty, College Faculty, Career Development
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Polenghi, Simonetta – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
Italy opened the doors of its universities to female students in 1875. The general view was that very few women were clever enough to obtain a degree, so they would not threaten social stability. Female professors would be even rarer -- a few exceptional "male" women. Access to the professions was impossible in the case of the legal…
Descriptors: Professional Recognition, College Faculty, Women Faculty, Females
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Sartorius, Kelly C. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
Historians of education have argued that the field of vocational guidance was founded by men in Boston in 1909, and that these guidance practices were not used in a college setting until the mid-1940s after the close of World War II. This article illustrates the history of early female student affairs practitioners developing and implementing…
Descriptors: Career Guidance, Females, Student Personnel Workers, Womens Education
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Kimourtzis, Panagiotis; Sigountou, Vicky – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The first women in Greek academia appeared during the period in question (1922-1967) and entered the ivory tower by overcoming difficult conditions and circumstances, often with many restrictions and setbacks. This essay focuses on the School of Physics and Mathematics of the University of Athens, documents quantitative and qualitative data on the…
Descriptors: Women Faculty, Physics, Science Instruction, Educational History
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Kestere, Iveta; Ozola, Iveta – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
This article focuses on the position of leading Latvian pedagogues in cooperation with Nazi occupiers and the paradoxical transformation of Latvian nationalism into resistance against fascism and communism. Latvian attitudes towards Nazism were formed during Soviet occupation in 1940 when Latvian society, especially the intelligentsia, suffered…
Descriptors: Social Systems, Authoritarianism, Social Change, Foreign Countries
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Kasper, Tomas – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The presented study reconstructs how the concept of the total united Sudeten German National Community (sudetendeutsche totale einheitliche Volksgemeinschaft) was formed in the national conservative youth camp (i.e., among the bourgeois, rural and Catholic German youth in Czechoslovakia in the interwar period). Although this goal was repeated and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Youth Programs, Authoritarianism, Educational History
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Giudici, Anja; Ruoss, Thomas – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
Despite its image as an antifascist stronghold, interwar-Switzerland hosted several fascist movements. So far, research has not remarked upon the extraordinarily strong involvement of educators in these groups. Exploiting Switzerland's particular situation in this period, this paper aims to shed new light on the relationship between authoritarian…
Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Educational History, Power Structure, Political Influences
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Zabolotna, Tetiana – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
For Ukraine, the beginning of Nazi occupation meant a change from one totalitarian regime to another. In Soviet times and during occupation alike, all spheres of public life, including the education system, were permeated with politics and ideology. There could be no talk about democratic principles in education. Schools were supposed to raise the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Authoritarianism, Educational History, War
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Karcher, Nicola – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
During the Nazi occupation of Norway from 1940 to 1945, Norwegian society was exposed to comprehensive Nazification measures. Considered racially equal, it was intended that the "Germanic" Norwegians would be transformed into a National Socialist people's community. With the establishment of the so-called new order on 25 September 1940,…
Descriptors: Nationalism, Educational History, Educational Change, Institutional Characteristics
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Oelkers, Jürgen – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The article will discuss some central relations between political authoritarianism and right-wing education in the interwar period. Then it is asked why these concepts and powers are renewed in today' s politics and education. And in the end it shows what research gaps exist and how the articles of this special issue could fill them.
Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Educational History, Political Attitudes, War
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Van Ruyskensvelde, Sarah; Depaepe, Marc – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
In May 1941, two progressive educationalists, Jozef Emiel Verheyen and Leo Roels, published a new pedagogical journal, "VlaamschePaedagogiek" (Flemish Pedagogy, 1941-1944). The journal aimed to contribute to the development and proliferation of a pedagogy that rooted in the Flemish soil and national character. Verheyen and Roels were…
Descriptors: Educational History, Progressive Education, Periodicals, Foreign Countries
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