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Gomes, Inês – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Portuguese schools hold important collections, most organised in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This scientific heritage, however, is still to be discovered. This article focuses on the creation, development, and role of natural history collections in Portuguese secondary schools, between the second half of the nineteenth…
Descriptors: Educational History, Science Instruction, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Miquel Lara, Avelina; Sureda Garcia, Bernat; Comas Rubí, Francisca – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
During the Second Republic of Spain (1931-1939) and within the framework of ambitious social reform, the government of the "Generalitat" of Catalonia launched a social and educational assistance system. This new system would be independent, modern, and capable of surpassing the traditional welfare system based on religious charity that…
Descriptors: Social Change, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Welfare Services
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Yazici, Fatih; Yildirim, Tercan – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Nation-states needed various ideological apparatuses when they wanted to eliminate traditional loyalties to the pre-modern era and establish a new superordinate identity. As frequently emphasised in conceptual discussions, two elements among these ideological apparatuses come to the fore: historiography and education. While social values that…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Nationalism, Historiography, Foreign Countries
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Ogren, Christine A. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Histories of teachers' experiences in the United States between the 1880s and the 1930s argue that teaching restrained and often debilitated teachers' bodies. The emerging theory of constraint is limited, however, because the historiography of American teachers focuses for the most part only on the months when school was in session. This…
Descriptors: Educational History, Historiography, Vacations, Administrator Attitudes
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Omori, Mariko – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
This paper explores the way in which psychologists classified immigrant children as feebleminded through the use of intelligence testing and how state organisations consequently segregated them from public schools based on the scientific evidence. First, I show the way in which the psychologist Lewis Terman utilised intelligence testing to…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Intelligence Tests, Psychologists, Classification
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Noel, Rebecca – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
European physicians long worried that the scholarly life was harmful to health. Neurological and digestive problems flowed from sedentary, seated lives. In the late eighteenth century, when the Enlightenment began spreading education to more people, educators inspired by Rousseau's "Emile" such as Johann Guts Muths, Friedrich Jahn,…
Descriptors: Physicians, Physical Health, Physical Activity Level, Exercise
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Nieminen, Marjo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
This article focuses on the bodies of schoolgirls as visualised and represented in a short film of Finnish secondary schools for girls in the 1950s. The film, "Oma tyttökouluni" ("My Own Girls' School") was released in 1957 and was screened in cinemas in advance of feature films. Although the short film was made in a…
Descriptors: Films, Human Body, Educational History, Foreign Countries
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Gleason, Mona – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Delivered as one of the keynote addresses at the International Standing Committee on the History of Education (ISCHE) Conference held in Chicago in August 2016, this paper offers a broad review of how the body and embodiment have been incorporated into histories of education. Based on this historiography, I extend three "inspiring…
Descriptors: Educational History, Historiography, Conferences (Gatherings), Research Methodology
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Burke, Catherine – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
This article considers the theoretical argument of anthropologist Tim Ingold, that the denial and subsequent encasement of bare feet in footwear was a critical characteristic of the development of modern societies, in exploring three aspects of feet, footwork, and footwear in the history of the modern school. First, the material conditions of feet…
Descriptors: Human Body, Clothing, Social Change, Educational Development
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Salvarani, Luana – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
From its very beginning, the Protestant Reformation adopted the theatre as one of its educational tools. Together with choral music, visual arts, and preaching, Luther, Melanchthon, Oekolampad, and other Reformers promoted both the cultivated school theatre and the popular street theatre in order to spread the new faith, create a community ethos,…
Descriptors: Theater Arts, Protestants, Social Change, Religious Education
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Kestere, Iveta; Kalke, Baiba – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
The ideal of the Soviet teacher can be revealed in Soviet mass media, but historians are challenged by the question "what was the actual reality"? Therefore, we addressed the reality of the Soviet school using two research questions: (1) What teacher image was cultivated by Soviet propaganda, and what did the average teacher actually…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Authoritarianism, Teachers, Educational History
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Dekker, Jeroen J. H.; Wichgers, Inge J. M. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Teaching the regulation of emotions to support parents in educating their children to come of age properly was part of a missionary movement in late sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe. This movement was inspired by the belief in the power of education from the northern European Renaissance and by the emphasis on catechism by the…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Role of Education
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Veiga, Cynthia – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
In this article, I discuss the paradoxes of the body's civilising processes in dialogue with Norbert Elias's sociological theory. As a premise, I contend that modernity's civilising rationality has taken the body, the senses, and emotions in such a fragmented manner that we sometimes lose sight of the dimension that body and person are…
Descriptors: Human Body, Perception, Psychological Patterns, Behavior Standards
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Tunc, Yasin – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
The two decades following the establishment of the Turkish Republic witnessed the growth of the pervasive fear that vagrant and homeless children and child delinquents presented a threat to the physical, mental, and economic well-being of the nascent Turkish nation. Newspapers of the period regularly touched upon the issue, alerting the public and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Homeless People, Delinquency, Children
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Chmielewski, Kristen – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
This article explores how Dr. Emil Altman and the New York City Board of Education manipulated prevailing narratives of disability in a crusade to rid their city school system of "unfit" teachers during the late 1920s through to the early 1940s. Capitalising on fears of disability related to ideas about efficiency and eugenics, Altman…
Descriptors: Educational History, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Characteristics, Attitudes toward Disabilities
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