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Showing 1 to 15 of 56 results Save | Export
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Pannula Toft, Pia; Paksuniemi, Merja; Westberg, Johannes – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
The purpose of this article is to clarify what kind of role schools and teachers played in the well-being of Finnish war children during and after the Second World War. The study focuses on the children who were evacuated to Denmark, also known as Finnebørn, and their experiences and memories as war children in Denmark and returning evacuees back…
Descriptors: School Role, Teacher Role, Primary Sources, War
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Raptis, Helen – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Substantial historical research indicates that during World War II Canadian schools were considered optimal sites for fostering nationalistic sentiments in teachers and learners. Policymakers directed educators and students to collect scrap metals, purchase war savings certificates, salute the flag, and undertake marching drills. These…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Memory, Educational History
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Miquel Lara, Avelina; Sureda Garcia, Bernat; Comas Rubí, Francisca – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
During the Second Republic of Spain (1931-1939) and within the framework of ambitious social reform, the government of the "Generalitat" of Catalonia launched a social and educational assistance system. This new system would be independent, modern, and capable of surpassing the traditional welfare system based on religious charity that…
Descriptors: Social Change, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Welfare Services
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Yazici, Fatih; Yildirim, Tercan – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Nation-states needed various ideological apparatuses when they wanted to eliminate traditional loyalties to the pre-modern era and establish a new superordinate identity. As frequently emphasised in conceptual discussions, two elements among these ideological apparatuses come to the fore: historiography and education. While social values that…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Nationalism, Historiography, Foreign Countries
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Collelldemont, Eulàlia; Vilanou, Conrad – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2017
Revisions of textual and audio-visual materials reveal the educational vision of Spanish anarchists. Through research, we have discovered the importance of aesthetical education and art in general for this protest political party. By studying the three key historical moments of the movement (1868-1939/1901-1910/1910-1936-1939) we have traced the…
Descriptors: Educational History, Working Class, Educational Philosophy, Political Attitudes
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Roberts, Siân – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2017
During the 1930s and 1940s art increasingly came to be used as a therapeutic tool with children who were perceived as damaged by their experiences of war or displacement. This article explores two related exhibitions--"Children's Art from All Countries" (1941) and "The War as Seen by Children" (1943)--which provided a platform…
Descriptors: Refugees, Art Education, Educational History, Artists
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Spencer, Stephanie – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article focuses on the series of 11 books about a young female pilot, "Worrals of the WAAF," by W.E. Johns, creator of Biggles. The Worrals books were published from 1941 when recruitment for the Women's Auxiliary Air Force was falling. Johns chose to ignore that the WAAF supported pilots through their work on the ground and did not…
Descriptors: Fiction, Books, Females, War
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Gomez, Amparo; Canales, Antonio – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article analyses the child psychiatry and psychology developed during the Spanish Civil War and immediate postwar period. The aim is to demonstrate that, despite the existence of a certain degree of disciplinary continuity in relation to the pre-war period, both disciplines were placed at the service of Francoism. This meant that the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, War, European History, Psychiatry
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Beadie, Nancy – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
After the Civil War (1861-1865), the United States faced a problem of "reconstruction" similar to that confronted by other nations at the time and familiar to the US since at least the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The problem was one of territorial and political (re)integration: how to take territories that had only recently been…
Descriptors: United States History, War, Politics, Educational History
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Rury, John L.; Darby, Derrick – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This paper examines the impact of war on African-American education. This question is considered in three different periods: the eras of the American Revolution, the Civil War and the Second World War. Large-scale conflict, such as these instances of total war, can afford historical moments when oppressed groups are able take steps to improve…
Descriptors: War, African American Education, Educational History, United States History
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Kennedy, Katharine – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
A crucial historical intersection of war and education asks how schooling contributed to convincing people to fight and to sacrifice their own lives, and those of their loved ones, in wars. This article addresses this question by asking how primary schools, in one country, namely Germany, over several tumultuous generations, used songs to teach…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Singing, War
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Sutcliffe, Marcella P. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This paper focuses on the reading and educational practices of common soldiers during the First World War. It argues that the question of how war libraries were imagined and constructed by civilians needs to be framed in the larger context of pre-war Edwardian debates surrounding the "value of books" in society. Indeed, it was within…
Descriptors: War, World History, Reading Habits, Educational Practices
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McClellan, Ann K. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
Applying the critical lenses of feminism, autographical theory and literary analysis, this essay performs a triple reading of Vera Brittain's multi-genre writings about gender, war,and university education. Focusing specifically on "The Dark Tide" (1923), "Testament of Youth" (1933) and "The Women of Oxford" (1960),…
Descriptors: War, World History, Autobiographies, Fiction
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Mahamud Angulo, Kira; Groves, Tamar; Milito Barone, Cecilia Cristina; Hernández Laina, Yovana – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article explores visions of war and peace in the education system during the Spanish transition to democracy. During those years, the Spanish state was faced with the challenge of leaving its authoritarian political past behind and forging a democratic civic culture. As the concepts of war and peace are inextricably linked to those of state…
Descriptors: Civics, War, Peace, Democracy
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Scholz, Joachim; Berdelmann, Kathrin – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
The outbreak of the First World War had a powerful impact on German schools. Undoubtedly, schools were institutions of socialisation that did offer support to the war. Indeed, research has shown that a specific "war pedagogy" made an aggressive propaganda possible in the classroom. This research usually emphasises the enthusiasm for war…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, War, Educational History, Socialization
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