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Showing 1 to 15 of 67 results Save | Export
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Németh, András; Pukánszky, Béla – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
"Life reform" is an umbrella term used for describing the movements critical of modernisation whose main features were the desire to return to nature and naturalness, to self-healing and finding lost integrity again. They also have close ties to the educational reforms of the time. These movements were particularly active in the German,…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Social Change, Music Education
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McLean, Lorna R.; Baroud, Jamilee – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
In this article, we explore the academic life of Julia Grace Wales as a public intellectual and peace activist. The study addresses the largely neglected field of female educators and peace activists in the early to mid-twentieth century through a case study of one woman's lifelong popular education campaign to achieve peace and social justice. In…
Descriptors: Peace, Social Justice, Teaching Methods, Educational History
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Amsing, Hilda T. A.; Dekker, Jeroen J. H. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
Within the polarised political culture of the 1970s, in which political differences were emphasised instead of being played down, Dutch right-wing politicians frequently accused left-wing politicians and educators of indoctrination in educational settings. In this period of economic stagnation and an ongoing Cold War, peace education -- which was…
Descriptors: Peace, Teaching Methods, Political Attitudes, Educational History
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Kestere, Iveta; Ozola, Iveta – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
This article focuses on the position of leading Latvian pedagogues in cooperation with Nazi occupiers and the paradoxical transformation of Latvian nationalism into resistance against fascism and communism. Latvian attitudes towards Nazism were formed during Soviet occupation in 1940 when Latvian society, especially the intelligentsia, suffered…
Descriptors: Social Systems, Authoritarianism, Social Change, Foreign Countries
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Giudici, Anja; Ruoss, Thomas – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
Despite its image as an antifascist stronghold, interwar-Switzerland hosted several fascist movements. So far, research has not remarked upon the extraordinarily strong involvement of educators in these groups. Exploiting Switzerland's particular situation in this period, this paper aims to shed new light on the relationship between authoritarian…
Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Educational History, Power Structure, Political Influences
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Zabolotna, Tetiana – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
For Ukraine, the beginning of Nazi occupation meant a change from one totalitarian regime to another. In Soviet times and during occupation alike, all spheres of public life, including the education system, were permeated with politics and ideology. There could be no talk about democratic principles in education. Schools were supposed to raise the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Authoritarianism, Educational History, War
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Karcher, Nicola – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
During the Nazi occupation of Norway from 1940 to 1945, Norwegian society was exposed to comprehensive Nazification measures. Considered racially equal, it was intended that the "Germanic" Norwegians would be transformed into a National Socialist people's community. With the establishment of the so-called new order on 25 September 1940,…
Descriptors: Nationalism, Educational History, Educational Change, Institutional Characteristics
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Oelkers, Jürgen – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The article will discuss some central relations between political authoritarianism and right-wing education in the interwar period. Then it is asked why these concepts and powers are renewed in today' s politics and education. And in the end it shows what research gaps exist and how the articles of this special issue could fill them.
Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Educational History, Political Attitudes, War
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Van Ruyskensvelde, Sarah; Depaepe, Marc – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
In May 1941, two progressive educationalists, Jozef Emiel Verheyen and Leo Roels, published a new pedagogical journal, "VlaamschePaedagogiek" (Flemish Pedagogy, 1941-1944). The journal aimed to contribute to the development and proliferation of a pedagogy that rooted in the Flemish soil and national character. Verheyen and Roels were…
Descriptors: Educational History, Progressive Education, Periodicals, Foreign Countries
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Gomez Rodriguez, Amparo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This article explores the political, religious, and ideological backdrop to psychology and pedagogy under Franco's dictatorship. To this end, it analyses the important research carried out between 1940 and 1944 by the psychologist and pedagogue José J. Jover y Piquer into the intelligence, mentality, and moral judgement of a large number of…
Descriptors: Educational History, Teaching Methods, Ideology, Criticism
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Pineau, Pablo; Birgin, Alejandra – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In this article we offer a broad historical overview of how the "Malvinas cause" has been taught in Argentine schools over the years. It is divided into four parts: first, we focus on the period prior to the 1982 armed conflict in order to analyse how the issue had traditionally been conceptualised and thus, offer a reflection on the…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Policy, War, Foreign Countries
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Pannula Toft, Pia; Paksuniemi, Merja; Westberg, Johannes – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
The purpose of this article is to clarify what kind of role schools and teachers played in the well-being of Finnish war children during and after the Second World War. The study focuses on the children who were evacuated to Denmark, also known as Finnebørn, and their experiences and memories as war children in Denmark and returning evacuees back…
Descriptors: School Role, Teacher Role, Primary Sources, War
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Raptis, Helen – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Substantial historical research indicates that during World War II Canadian schools were considered optimal sites for fostering nationalistic sentiments in teachers and learners. Policymakers directed educators and students to collect scrap metals, purchase war savings certificates, salute the flag, and undertake marching drills. These…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Memory, Educational History
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Miquel Lara, Avelina; Sureda Garcia, Bernat; Comas Rubí, Francisca – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
During the Second Republic of Spain (1931-1939) and within the framework of ambitious social reform, the government of the "Generalitat" of Catalonia launched a social and educational assistance system. This new system would be independent, modern, and capable of surpassing the traditional welfare system based on religious charity that…
Descriptors: Social Change, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Welfare Services
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Yazici, Fatih; Yildirim, Tercan – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Nation-states needed various ideological apparatuses when they wanted to eliminate traditional loyalties to the pre-modern era and establish a new superordinate identity. As frequently emphasised in conceptual discussions, two elements among these ideological apparatuses come to the fore: historiography and education. While social values that…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Nationalism, Historiography, Foreign Countries
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