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Németh, András; Pukánszky, Béla – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
"Life reform" is an umbrella term used for describing the movements critical of modernisation whose main features were the desire to return to nature and naturalness, to self-healing and finding lost integrity again. They also have close ties to the educational reforms of the time. These movements were particularly active in the German,…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Social Change, Music Education
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Kudlácová, Blanka; Šebová, Nikola – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The aim of the paper is to point out a specific segment of education of children in Slovakia in the period of Socialism (1948-1989) through the example of confessional education of children in the environment of the secret Church. After the Second World War, a significant turnover in education occurred in Czechoslovakia under the impact of Soviet…
Descriptors: Social Systems, Churches, Foreign Countries, Educational History
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Pilatowicz, Józef; Maksymiuk, Katarzyna – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The new model of Polish education was designed by the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (KEN). The Commission, established in 1773, was the first ministry of education in Europe. It dealt not only with problems related to the learning-teaching process, but also promoted scientific development. The present analysis is an attempt at examining the process…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Teaching Methods, Models
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Tajri, Yacine; Saint-Martin, Jean; Froissart, Tony – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
This article explores a specific physical rehabilitation in French schooling after the Second World War. To this end, it analyses how, in concepts and as the result of data-derived information, pupils considered as "weak" physically speaking were taken care of by the school and especially how the actors of the physical education (PE)…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Students with Disabilities, Educational History, Rehabilitation
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Yoon, Jong-Pil – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
This article aims to offer both an overview of the key issues and controversial policy decisions that defined history education in Korea for the past 10 years and a critical analysis of the actions taken by, and claims exchanged between, the advocates of New Right thinking and their opponents during this period. In doing so, it will point out the…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Educational Policy, Policy Analysis, Decision Making
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Ito, Toshiko – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
"Heimat" -oriented education (local-oriented education) flourished in Imperial Japan of the 1930s, inspired by "Heimatkunde" (local studies) in Germany's elementary schools. This paper explores the rhetoric which naturalised the shift from love of "Heimat" to love of nation in "Heimat"-oriented education in…
Descriptors: Educational History, Self Concept, Nationalism, Foreign Countries
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Teodoro, António – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
This article examines the OECD's role in the construction of education policies in Portugal after the Second World War up to the Carnation Revolution (1974). For a large part of the twentieth century (1926-1974), Portugal lived under a nationalist dictatorship, with elements that were on a par with the European fascism. After analysing the genesis…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational History, International Organizations
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Laffage-Cosnier, Sébastien; Hugedet, Willy; Vivier, Christian – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
In 1950 in France, Dr Max Fourestier introduced the concept of dividing the school day into two parts. In the morning, students followed activities that were intellectual and classroom-oriented, and in the afternoon, they had physical education classes. This programme was implemented in Gambetta Elementary School in Vanves, a city on the outskirts…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Outdoor Education, School Schedules, Educational Change
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Göttlicher, Wilfried – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
This article examines the ambiguous perception of rural space as a natural space in the debates on rural school reform in Austria from the 1920s up to the 1960s. Throughout the period investigated, the quality of rural space always was an important topic in these debates. In the pedagogic discourse, rural space was perceived as more natural or…
Descriptors: Rural Areas, Hygiene, Educational History, Foreign Countries
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Degler, W.; Juen, A.; Klinger, K.; Markert, M. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
At the end of the nineteenth century, biology as an academic discipline was as young as its corresponding school subject. Now nature itself was analysed as a complex (eco)system consisting of animals, plants, and man. The dramatic conceptual shift and subsequent development of school curricula called for teaching aids representing the new…
Descriptors: Teacher Education, Educational Change, Instructional Materials, Educational History
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Marín Murcia, José Pedro; Martínez Ruiz-Funes, María José – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
This contribution looks at the garden that Friedrich Froebel (1782--1852) founded in Bad Blankenburg in 1838 in order to understand the proposal presented at the Kindergarten Model School of Madrid for training teachers in 1879 (the Schools introduced new teaching methods or systems and, at the same time, trained the teachers in their…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Kindergarten, Gardening
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Albisetti, James C. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The last quarter of the nineteenth century witnessed a new but rapidly spreading perspective on the link between education and nature: middle-class philanthropists joining together to provide summer vacations in the countryside for poor, sickly, urban children. Drawing on numerous examples of such work in Europe and the United States, this essay…
Descriptors: Educational History, Foreign Countries, Urban Areas, Rural Areas
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Sijpenhof, Maria Luce – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
Scholars have observed a re-emergence of biological racism in the Netherlands. I question whether this form of racism is also making a comeback in Dutch secondary schooling, by drawing on critical race theory and Bonilla-Silva's frames of colour-blind racism. Data for this study were gathered through an analysis of 200 history textbooks…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Teachers, Racial Bias, Textbooks
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Gerster, Daniel – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The article explores how different concepts of "nature" were applied in secondary education in Germany around 1900 by examining the discussions on and practices in particular boarding schools. It will first scrutinise Enlightenment debates on "human nature" and how they were perceived in German secondary education in general…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Secondary Education, Boarding Schools, Criticism
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Yu, Shujuan; Sun, Yi – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The thought on nature education plays an important role in both Eastern and Western history of educational thoughts. However, the rich thought on nature education in Pre-Qin Taoism in China was little-known in Western academia. Chuang Tzu was the co-founder and one of the main representative figures of Pre-Qin Taoism philosophy and nature…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Natural Resources, Asian Culture, Asian History
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