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Glaser, Clive – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2021
The Bantu Education system, which replaced missionary-run black schooling in the mid-1950s, expanded schooling to accommodate the basic economic needs of the South African economy but it was done as cheaply as possible. The state paid teachers' salaries and in return it expected obedience and conformity from its employees. It was a tight-fisted,…
Descriptors: Course Descriptions, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Teacher Salaries
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Beadie, Nancy – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2020
The economic and environmental significance of school land policy in the United States has yet to be imagined, let alone systematically studied, by scholars. Although the fact that Congress allocated shares of public lands to the support of schools beginning in the 1780s is well known, historians have not adequately assessed the impacts of that…
Descriptors: Land Use, Educational History, Public Policy, Natural Resources
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Soto-Vázquez, José; Jaraíz-Cabanillas, Francisco; Pérez-Parejo, Ramón; Gutiérrez-Gallego, José – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
This paper offers a review of history of education statistics in Spain, starting in the mid-nineteenth century, describing their traditional means of operation based on censuses, flat tables, and macro-statistical data, which usually display a purely quantitative analysis. Only in recent decades have statistical analyses appeared, supported by…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Education, Educational History, School Statistics
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van Gijlswijk, Dick – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
The declining economy of the Dutch Republic obliged city governments in the eighteenth century to take measures to undo the effects of the social deterioration. They therefore founded schools for the poor and sometimes gave full financial support. After 1795, the Batavian Revolution proclaimed that primary education was a state affair, but after a…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Educational History, Financial Support, Economic Factors
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Duarte, Oscar Daniel – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article aims to explain the ultimate organisation of the Argentinian educational system during the 1870s as a result of the 1873 world economic crisis, which led, among other measures, to budget cuts. These had serious consequences in both curriculum design and the general structure of the different educational levels. Such a system fostered…
Descriptors: Educational History, Economic Climate, Foreign Countries, Budgets
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Westberg, Johannes – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article discusses the significance of in-kind taxation and payments in kind for the establishment of an elementary school system in Sweden, in the 1840-1870 period. By analysing the funding of teachers' wages, the heating of the school facilities, and school building construction in the 12 rural school districts of the Sundsvall region, this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Schools, Educational Finance, Taxes
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Aubry Kradolfer, Carla; Geiss, Michael – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
Funding, administration and social goals are aspects of school policy that are highly interrelated. No country has achieved universal primary education without relying mainly on taxes. This had profound consequences for educational administration. As soon as schools were no longer subsidised by private backers or ecclesiastical funds,…
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Educational Finance, Educational History, School Policy
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Mitch, David – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
Historians of the rise of popular education have often emphasised the role of national governments as sources of funding. However, for the case of England work by W.K. Jordan among others with probate records suggests that by the English Civil War substantial philanthropic funding was available for education. The presence of this philanthropy…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Educational Finance, Private Financial Support
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Fitchett, Paul G.; Russell, William Benedict – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2012
The New Social Studies movement was an effort by social scientists to reform US social studies/history curriculum at all levels during the 1960s and early 1970s. In the end, more than 50 different projects attempting to revitalise social studies were developed. Many of the projects focused on inquiry-based teaching practices and curriculum.…
Descriptors: Social Scientists, Social Studies, Units of Study, Anthropology
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van Gijlswijk, T. W. M. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2011
Local administrations in the Republic of the United Netherlands determined in the seventeenth and eighteenth century the conditions of the local educational provisions. Several towns published separate regulations for educating poor children in separate schools. Others left the responsibility to local charity committees. The regulations are…
Descriptors: Committees, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Finance, Foreign Countries
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Wechsler, Harold S. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2010
Locating denominational colleges and state and land grant universities away from major American cities created a growing need for urban higher education institutions in the early twentieth century. Religious denominations, municipal authorities, and entrepreneurs opened colleges and professional schools in many US cities to meet the demand. The…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Working Class, Educational Finance, Social Action
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Carpentier, Vincent – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2006
Earlier studies of France, Germany and the UK suggest that a common framework exists to explain the relationship between public expenditure on education and economic growth in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This article shows that while a similar relationship exists in the USA, US policies were particularly committed to the educational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Economic Progress, Expenditures, Educational Finance