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Gündüz, Mustafa – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
With the advent of modern states, a mandatory relationship and interaction emerged between compulsory education, military service, and the practices of citizenship. Producing a loyal citizen required a disciplined, central, and compulsory education. In the nineteenth century when greatness was linked to armament, education was considered a vital…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Practices, Educational History, Military Service
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Yazici, Fatih; Yildirim, Tercan – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Nation-states needed various ideological apparatuses when they wanted to eliminate traditional loyalties to the pre-modern era and establish a new superordinate identity. As frequently emphasised in conceptual discussions, two elements among these ideological apparatuses come to the fore: historiography and education. While social values that…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Nationalism, Historiography, Foreign Countries
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Tunc, Yasin – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
The two decades following the establishment of the Turkish Republic witnessed the growth of the pervasive fear that vagrant and homeless children and child delinquents presented a threat to the physical, mental, and economic well-being of the nascent Turkish nation. Newspapers of the period regularly touched upon the issue, alerting the public and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Homeless People, Delinquency, Children
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Karabekmez, Meryem – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2017
This study demonstrates how the cultural role of Ottoman women began to change during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as well as considering emerging conflicts due to their altering roles in society as they were educated in the "Darulmuallimat" (teachers' college for women) and acquired social positions as woman instructors. The…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Women Faculty, Sex Role, Teacher Education
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Batir, Betül – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2017
In the early twentieth century many countries across the world established national student unions and sent representatives to the International Student Union. Believing this to be a fundamental need in a globalising world, the new Turkish state did not wait long before joining this union. In fact, several student associations in Turkey attended…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Student Unions, National Organizations
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Gündüz, Mustafa – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
Turkey witnessed many educational and cultural policy innovations between 1938 and 1950. Realising strictly secular practices against religion and traditional culture pre-1946, political elites of the time aimed to construct a "humanistic culture" unique to Turkey. Educational policies were considered the most efficient tools in reaching…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries
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Meseci Giorgetti, Filiz – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2014
This study has two purposes: the first is to present the general condition of public education in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by showing the reformation process in educational institutes and teacher training, and the relationship between this process and the New Education movement in the Ottoman Empire; the second is to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Public Education, Educational Attitudes
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Bilgi, Sabiha – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2014
This article examines the cultural construction of the school in Turkey in relation to the construction of Turkish nation-ness. By looking at how the modern school was fit together with a network of interrelated discourses available in early twentieth-century Turkey, the article investigates the ways in which the school became an object of thought…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nationalism, Social Change, Social Development
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Whitehead, Kay – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2012
Using a transnational framework, this paper focuses on four graduates of Gipsy Hill Training College (GHTC) for nursery school teachers in London, United Kingdom, in the early to mid-twentieth century. Firstly, I explore GHTC's progressive ideals and highlight ways in which its principal, Lillian de Lissa, encouraged students to "think…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teachers, Females, Nursery Schools
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Ment, David M. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2011
In a significant 1925 essay, "Western Education in Moslem Lands", Paul Monroe addressed the emerging cultural and political forces faced by American educators in the Middle East. Monroe was widely recognised at the time as editor of the Cyclopedia of Education and director of the International Institute of Teachers College, Columbia…
Descriptors: Muslims, Foreign Countries, Cultural Influences, Role