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Westberg, Johannes – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article discusses the significance of in-kind taxation and payments in kind for the establishment of an elementary school system in Sweden, in the 1840-1870 period. By analysing the funding of teachers' wages, the heating of the school facilities, and school building construction in the 12 rural school districts of the Sundsvall region, this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Schools, Educational Finance, Taxes
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Landahl, Joakim – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2015
The aim of this article is to explore the relationship between emotions, power and schooling. Focusing on elementary schools during the second half of the nineteenth century, when education for the masses in Sweden emerged, the article discusses the emotionology of early mass schooling. It is argued that the abolishment of the monitorial method in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Elementary Schools, Psychological Patterns