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Åkerlund, Andreas – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2014
Programmes of international educational exchange are not only carried out for educational purposes, but form an important part of modern-day public diplomacy. Through exchange programmes education and research are linked with foreign policy interests, which then in turn should affect the international contacts of universities and research…
Descriptors: International Educational Exchange, Foreign Policy, Scholarship, Public Policy
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Chartier, Anne-Marie – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2008
Indeed, for more than a century, most Western nations have made school compulsory in order to teach all children, and it was widely believed that compulsory schooling would eradicate illiteracy and guarantee progress. However, this approach was questioned by a historical study of elementary schooling. Egil Johansson explained in his study how all…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Literacy