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Kortekangas, Otso – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2017
This article investigates Sámi elementary education in early twentieth-century Finland, Norway, and Sweden. The main focus lies on cultural contexts that frame and limit language use. The key analytical concepts are "useful citizen" and "useful citizenship". Through these concepts the article probes the ways in which…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Minority Groups, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students
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Chartier, Anne-Marie – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2008
Indeed, for more than a century, most Western nations have made school compulsory in order to teach all children, and it was widely believed that compulsory schooling would eradicate illiteracy and guarantee progress. However, this approach was questioned by a historical study of elementary schooling. Egil Johansson explained in his study how all…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Literacy