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Madeira, Ana Isabel – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2011
This article aims to offer another reading of the Portuguese civilising process in Africa on the basis of an analysis of a set of alternative sources and to explore the role of other educational configurations, beyond those of the public school and the religious missionary school, such as the civilising missions. With the creation of the Lay…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy, Role of Education, Educational History
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Mogarro, Maria Joao; Martinez, Silvia Alicia – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2009
Throughout the second half of the nineteenth century, the cultural panorama in Portugal was largely dominated by education issues. The awareness of the weaknesses of the Portuguese education system was now based on a growing interest in statistics, which allowed the reinforcement of arguments regarding the country's backwardness and the need to…
Descriptors: Role of Education, Foreign Countries, Teacher Education, Cultural Pluralism