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Pannula Toft, Pia; Paksuniemi, Merja; Westberg, Johannes – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
The purpose of this article is to clarify what kind of role schools and teachers played in the well-being of Finnish war children during and after the Second World War. The study focuses on the children who were evacuated to Denmark, also known as Finnebørn, and their experiences and memories as war children in Denmark and returning evacuees back…
Descriptors: School Role, Teacher Role, Primary Sources, War
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Nieminen, Marjo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
This article focuses on the bodies of schoolgirls as visualised and represented in a short film of Finnish secondary schools for girls in the 1950s. The film, "Oma tyttökouluni" ("My Own Girls' School") was released in 1957 and was screened in cinemas in advance of feature films. Although the short film was made in a…
Descriptors: Films, Human Body, Educational History, Foreign Countries
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Kortekangas, Otso – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2017
This article investigates Sámi elementary education in early twentieth-century Finland, Norway, and Sweden. The main focus lies on cultural contexts that frame and limit language use. The key analytical concepts are "useful citizen" and "useful citizenship". Through these concepts the article probes the ways in which…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Minority Groups, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students
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Koskela, Anne; Vehkalahti, Kaisa – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2017
This article shows the importance of paying attention to the role of professional devices, such as standardised forms, as producers of normality and deviance in the history of education. Our case study focused on the standardised forms used by teachers during child guidance clinic referrals and transfers to special education in northern Finland,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Case Studies, Behavior Problems
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Nieminen, Marjo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article concentrates on visual sources relating to secondary education, and asks how a collection of photographs can be understood and interpreted as part of the institutional and collective memory of one Finnish girls' school. The photographs were published in the anniversary books of the school. They construct an entirety, where public…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Females, Single Sex Schools
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Räisänen, Mirka – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2014
Finnish school teachers are unlike their colleagues in many countries, for their ethos and skills have traditionally formed the basis for a profession which has been very loyal to the state and to the changing educational ideologies of the government. Critical historical periods of wars and social revolutions have, however, produced--to a small…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Associations, Educational History, Secondary School Teachers
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Chartier, Anne-Marie – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2008
Indeed, for more than a century, most Western nations have made school compulsory in order to teach all children, and it was widely believed that compulsory schooling would eradicate illiteracy and guarantee progress. However, this approach was questioned by a historical study of elementary schooling. Egil Johansson explained in his study how all…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Literacy
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Vehkalahti, Kaisa – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2008
By focusing on letter-writing the article provides an example of how a technology of the word could be used as a panoptic technology of observation and reformation. The article discusses the practice of using letters in monitoring children's development in early twentieth-century reform school education. It is based on the author's study of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Letters (Correspondence), Observation, Child Development
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Rinne, Risto; Kivirauma, Joel – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
Modern industrial society liberated the sources of livelihood, gave birth to salaried labour and began to cater for social mobility, i.e. broke the foundations of traditional estate society. Traditional trades and socialization mechanisms attached to families were replaced by mass production and education. Education played a crucial role in the…
Descriptors: Social Mobility, Socialization, Education, Citizenship