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Duarte, Oscar Daniel – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2016
This article aims to explain the ultimate organisation of the Argentinian educational system during the 1870s as a result of the 1873 world economic crisis, which led, among other measures, to budget cuts. These had serious consequences in both curriculum design and the general structure of the different educational levels. Such a system fostered…
Descriptors: Educational History, Economic Climate, Foreign Countries, Budgets
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Schembs, Katharina – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2013
The first two Peronist governments (1946-1955) introduced extensive social reforms that notably improved working conditions and systematised vocational training. Thereby the foundations of the Argentine welfare state were laid and the working masses were socially included to an unprecedented degree: thus, they also constituted the majority of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Propaganda, Visual Aids, Citizenship Education
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Southwell, Myriam – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2013
The consolidation of the Argentine Federal Government by the 1870s aimed to modernise local society, establish state institutions and reach political stabilisation. Building a modern schooling system articulated both utopia and bureaucracy by establishing the use of knowledge as an instrument of social intervention, vindicating and legitimising…
Descriptors: Governance, Educational History, Federal Government, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Oelsner, Veronica – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2013
This article focuses on the reforms in the field of vocational education, as well as on representations related to work, in Argentina during Peron's political leadership. In the framework of far-reaching economic reforms and social transformations, while in the position of secretary of labour (1943-1945) Peron started a vocational education…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Cultural Awareness, Educational History
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Dussel, Ines – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2011
International exhibitions provide a good arena in which to study the circulation and transfer of educational ideas and practices in the second half of the nineteenth century. Structured around themes of industry, progress, and civilisation, and defined as ephemeral museums of the new world of commodities for the consumption of the masses, they…
Descriptors: Museums, Exhibits, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy
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Rodriguez, Miguel Somoza – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2007
From 1952 onwards, following the approval of the "Second Five-year Plan," a series of profound changes took place in the Argentinean national curriculum and in its schoolbooks. Some authors have pointed out that such changes implied the use of the educational system as an "agency for indoctrination." Other authors have…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Ideology, National Curriculum, Democracy
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De Amezola, Gonzalo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2007
This paper aims to demonstrate that two traditionally opposed approaches--the official view and a revisionist approach--conflate in defence of authoritarianism in the teaching of History. The main focus is on school textbooks published between 1956, the year when an educational reform was introduced following President Peron's overthrow, and 1983,…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Authoritarianism, Textbook Content, Textbook Research
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Carli, Sandra – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2006
This article aims to present some interpretations on the development of the new school movement in Argentina, with special focus on its relationship with the cultural modernization processes and with the political currents of the 1920s and 1930s, on its elements of continuity and differentiation with regard to the pedagogic tradition of normal…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Development, Social Change, Topography
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Dussel, Ines – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2005
Appearances are deceptive, the saying goes. However, we devote much time to the presentation of ourselves, and ties and necklaces can take up more energy than other "substantial" matters. This article analyzes the history of the presentation of selves in schools through the study of school uniforms. It will be claimed that modernity…
Descriptors: School Uniforms, Dress Codes, Foreign Countries, Urban Schools
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Pineau, Pablo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2004
One of the major changes introduced into the educational system by the first Peronist governments (1944-1955) was the organization of a course of technical education under state supervision. There has been a strong historiographical debate about the creation of the National Commission for Vocational Education and Orientation. Some have stressed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Technical Education, Working Class, Secondary Education