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ERIC Number: EJ1207868
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0030-9230
Constructing Collective Memory for (De)Colonisation: Taiwanese Images in History Textbooks, 1950-1987
Huang, Hsuan-Yi; Chen, Hsiao-Lan
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v55 n1 p101-120 2019
History curriculum and textbooks, as a key mechanism of constructing collective memory, play a critical role in shaping national, social, and cultural imaginations of the young. This paper analyses history textbooks in Taiwan during the martial law period (1950-1987) to explore narratives about Taiwan and examines the ways in which those narratives as collective memory created particular images of Taiwan. The analysis indicates that history textbooks delineated two threads of narrative, one is a "Sinicisation" narrative, namely Chinese colonisation, and the other is Chinese restoration narrative. The "Sinicisation" narrative constructed particular collective memory about Taiwan being of Chinese descent and an inheritor of Chinese culture, "lost" and "restored" by China after World War II. In the narrative of restoration, Taiwan was imagined as reborn to be the model child of Chinese descent that was obligated to emancipate all Chinese compatriots from Communism and to ultimately realise the goal of Chinese reunification. These narratives served for emancipating Taiwan from Japanese colonisation and constructed particular collective memory that "Sinicised" Taiwan for Chinese restoration. The image of Taiwan as Chinese descent, identified with Chinese culture, has endured to the present and continue to shape imaginations and discourses about Taiwan in the present.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan; China