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Bakker, Nelleke – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2017
This article focuses on the role the Dutch school for children with "learning and behavioural problems" (LOM) has played in knowledge production about learning disabilities and in the development of academic study of special education between 1949 and 1985. LOM-schooling grew rapidly during these years and attracted relatively many…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Testing, Observation
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Bakker, Nelleke – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2015
This paper discusses the role brain disease has played in the discourse and practices of child scientists involved in the study of learning disabilities and behavioural disorders from the 1950s up to the mid-1980s, particularly in the Netherlands as part of a developing international scientific community. In the pre-ADHD era, when child sciences…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Learning Disabilities, Brain, Neurological Impairments
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Bakker, Nelleke – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2014
This article discusses the transition from philosophy to psychology as the main source of inspiration for education during the mid-twentieth century in the Netherlands, situated between Germany in the east and the English-speaking world in the west. Claims have been made that educational theory in the Netherlands was dominated by German philosophy…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Educational Psychology, Educational Philosophy
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Bakker, Nelleke; Amsing, Hilda T. A. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2012
Between the 1940s and 1960s across Western Europe a spirit of reform along comprehensive lines manifested itself in secondary education, aiming at a reduction of the existing social inequality of educational chances. These reforms are said to be rooted in new policies and in new approaches in educational studies. This article explores the…
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Educational Research, Secondary Education, At Risk Students
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Bakker, Nelleke – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2012
In this article, the author discusses plans that were launched at three consecutive conferences on care for toddlers between 1929 and 1938 in the Netherlands. These plans and their realisation are evaluated in terms of what was seen as the missing link in the supply of institutional care for young children. The author identifies the professional…
Descriptors: Expertise, Nursery Schools, Early Childhood Education, Physical Health
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Bakker, Nelleke – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2010
This article is concerned with the history of the neurological disorder that preceded ADHD: "neurasthenia" or nervousness, conceived of as a functional disease of the nervous system. Around 1900 it appeared on the scene of children's disorders and it disappeared at the time of the pharmacological turn in psychiatry by the late 1960s. In…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Neurosis, Mental Health, Psychiatry
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Bakker, Nelleke – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2006
In the Netherlands, as in the United States, the introduction of the concept of "mental health" in education is closely related to the development of a network of child guidance clinics. The first of these was established in Amsterdam in 1928. However, a substantial movement to actively promote mental health did not come into existence…
Descriptors: Guidance, Mental Health, Foreign Countries, Clinics