ERIC Number: EJ1254149
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020
Abstractor: As Provided
Sending City Children to the Country: Vacations in "Nature" ca. 1870-1900
Albisetti, James C.
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v56 n1-2 p70-84 2020
The last quarter of the nineteenth century witnessed a new but rapidly spreading perspective on the link between education and nature: middle-class philanthropists joining together to provide summer vacations in the countryside for poor, sickly, urban children. Drawing on numerous examples of such work in Europe and the United States, this essay highlights the common traits and local variations of these programmes designed to improve the physical health and often the moral tone of such endangered children. It highlights in particular the fundamental disagreements over whether it was better to house such children in the homes of rural families or to keep them together in groups under the supervision of teachers or other adults. In conclusion, it examines the important role of a single patron, the Prussian/German Crown Princess Victoria.
Descriptors: Educational History, Foreign Countries, Urban Areas, Rural Areas, Summer Programs, Child Health, At Risk Students, Resident Camp Programs, Natural Resources, Vacations, Body Weight, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States; Europe