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Orzel, Joanna – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
Education in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was primarily held in colleges led by Jesuits and Piarists. There were disputes between them -- regarding both the content and methods of teaching, as well as the prestige of the institutions and teachers employed in them. The competition at the symbolic level of two orders was also unitary -- in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Catholic Schools, Educational History, Conflict
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Weissman, Rebecca – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
Although common schooling began to take off in the northern United States around the 1830s, it did not gain great momentum in the South until the postbellum period. Spanning this lengthy Common School era, this article explores the role white supremacy played in both the development and the impediment of schooling for the masses in the southern…
Descriptors: Educational History, Whites, Racial Attitudes, Racial Discrimination
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Mota, Teresa Salomé – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
For some time now, images in science have been an object of study in the history of science. The multiple roles that images play in scientific practice have been recognised and discussed. However, little attention has been given to science related images in educational contexts. The case of geology is all the more relevant because it is considered…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, Textbooks, Geology
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Caruso, Marcelo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
Calligraphic culture in education had a long tradition in the Hispanic World. This entailed the cultivation of specific forms of script to the detriment of others. Since the late eighteenth century, discussions about the shape of letters and the differences between different alphabets were associated with national characters. The "letra…
Descriptors: Educational History, Written Language, Alphabets, English
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Yilmaz, Hale – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This paper examines how the religious education of Turkish children in the "old letters" became an area of everyday contestation between the state and families and communities in the late 1920s and 1930s. Since children were seen as the nation's future, state authorities were adamant about teaching the new generation the new alphabet and…
Descriptors: Muslims, Islam, Religious Education, Educational History
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Stark, Ulrike – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
The question of script was paramount in the nineteenth-century debate over Hindi and Urdu, two closely related languages that are characterised by "extreme digraphia". Rather than rehearsing the well-known story of the culturally and politically charged process of differentiation in which the two sister languages became prime markers of…
Descriptors: Urdu, Indo European Languages, Written Language, Religious Factors
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Boser, Lukas; Hofmann, Michèle – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In this paper, we analyse the struggle for a unified style of writing in primary schools in the German-speaking part of Switzerland between the 1860s and the first decades of the twentieth century with regard to the contexts in which this struggle was embedded. In the late-nineteenth century, in German-speaking Switzerland, as in other parts of…
Descriptors: German, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students
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Schoemaker, Bob; Rutten, Gijsbert – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In 1804, the first official spelling of Dutch was published as part of a national language policy that had been argued for since the middle of the eighteenth century, and in 1805, an official grammar was published. The orthography and the grammar constituted regulations for the written language ("schrijftaalregeling"), which were part of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nationalism, Written Language, Teaching Methods
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Alix, Sébastien-Akira – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
At the 1900 Paris World's Fair, Frances Benjamin Johnston, one of America's first women photographers, played a key role in publicising in Europe American progressivism and emancipation in education. Through displaying photographs taken in the Washington DC public schools, she revealed to the international audience how American progressive…
Descriptors: Progressive Education, Photography, Public Schools, Audiences
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Abboud Pompeo de Camargo, Munir – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
The present article aims to analyse academic production about the history of school architecture in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, concerning the development of research trajectories and dialogue between the areas of architecture and education, sources, analysis methodology and periodisation. The latter was based on research developed in…
Descriptors: Historiography, School Buildings, Architecture, Educational History
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Huang, Hsuan-Yi; Chen, Hsiao-Lan – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
History curriculum and textbooks, as a key mechanism of constructing collective memory, play a critical role in shaping national, social, and cultural imaginations of the young. This paper analyses history textbooks in Taiwan during the martial law period (1950-1987) to explore narratives about Taiwan and examines the ways in which those…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Visual Aids, Textbooks, History Instruction
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Civera Cerecedo, Alicia – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
On 26 and 27 September 2014, 43 students from the "Profesor Isidro Burgos" Rural Normal School in Ayotzinapa, Guerrero, Mexico, disappeared, and six people died. In this article, I analyse the event as the result of long-term historical processes, from the perspective of the social mobilisation that caused the students' disappearance on…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Violence, Educational History, News Reporting
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Soudien, Crain – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This essay attempts to show how the Social Darwinist thinking of white racial superiority, and so, ultimately, white supremacy, came to be institutionalised in law in South Africa. It looks specifically at the making and institutionalisation of the School Board Act (SBA) of 1905 of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope. It argues that the SBA…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, Educational Legislation, Whites, Racial Attitudes
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Rudolph, Sophie – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
The 1960s in Australia was a politically turbulent time with assimilation policies being questioned by moves in various spheres, including education, to address inequality. The late 1960s also saw the emergence of activist responses to racism as well as the groundbreaking 1967 Referendum, which called for the alteration of two clauses within the…
Descriptors: Indigenous Populations, Educationally Disadvantaged, Foreign Countries, Educational History
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Indelicato, Maria Elena; Pražic, Ivana – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In this article, we develop a genealogy of international education studies' tenets of culture shock and skills deficit. To trace their emergence, we map the discursive shifts which underpinned cultural anthropology's involvement in the administration of US colonial, domestic, and international affairs respectively in the early 1900s and 1950s.…
Descriptors: International Education, Cultural Differences, Race, Whites
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