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Sullivan, Alice; Parsons, Samantha; Green, Francis; Wiggins, Richard D.; Ploubidis, George; Huynh, Timmy – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper asks whether private, selective, and faith schools in England and Wales in the 1980s provided an academic advantage to their pupils, both in the short and longer term. Using longitudinal data from the 1970 British Cohort Study, we examine academic outcomes in compulsory schooling and further education, and the highest qualification…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Religious Education, Private Schools, Selective Admission
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Brzyska, Bernadetta – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Special educational needs (SEN) can be seen as a 'construction' that countries define within their legislation and go on to identify, assess, and make provision for in different ways. Definitions vary widely from country to country and even within a country. Many governments have policies to ensure students with SEN are included in mainstream…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Meadows, Michelle; Black, Beth – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Teachers in England are under pressure to maximise their pupils' examination results, both to improve pupils' life chances and to ensure their school performs well on government accountability measures. This article reports the findings of an anonymous, online, voluntary survey of 548 teachers from secondary schools and colleges. The survey asked…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accountability, Testing, Qualifications
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Flórez Petour, María Teresa; Rozas Assael, Tamara; Gysling, Jacqueline; Olave Astorga, José Miguel – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
In the current scenario of expansion of neo-liberal and market-oriented policies, large-scale assessment has become an increasingly pervasive technology of power. Given their consequences, and the high stakes derived from them, assessment systems put pressure on schools to an extent where their practices and internal policies adapt to the logic of…
Descriptors: Social Justice, High Stakes Tests, Evaluation Methods, Educational Assessment
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Ørskov, Frederik Forrai; Ydesen, Christian – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The promotion of performance measurement and international large-scale assessments (ILSAs) is often explained in terms of the rise and expansion of the neoliberal thought collective; in other words, testing constitutes a core component of neoliberal education reform. A less well-known feature of the neoliberal regime is its numerous precursors and…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Intelligence Tests, Cross Cultural Studies, Neoliberalism
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Goodman, Roger; Oka, Chinami – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper explores the development of the "hensachi" system in Japanese education from the 1960s when it first appeared as a "de facto" measure for scholastic achievement. Unlike absolute scoring systems (such as A-level grades) "hensachi" gave an indication of the probability of getting a place on a particular…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scores, Achievement Rating, Educational History
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Ertl, Hubert – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper uses two high-profile cases of alleged plagiarism in doctoral theses to discuss the debate on academic malpractice in the German context. The two cases received intense media attention which led to a hitherto unseen interrogation of academic standards in higher education and of the integrity of the research community. The paper analyses…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Graduate Students, Doctoral Programs, Doctoral Dissertations
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Ingram, Jenni; Elliott, Victoria; Morin, Caroline; Randhawa, Ashmita; Brown, Carol – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
There has been a period of intense policy change involving GCSE examinations in England, proposed partly in response to schools using tactics to maximise performance against accountability measures. The reforms included a change to linear rather than modular entry, removing partial re-sits, and limiting early and multiple entry to examinations by…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Accountability, Qualifications
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Crisp, Victoria – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
Classroom-based assessments have the potential to enhance validity by facilitating the assessment of important skills that are difficult to assess in written examinations. Such assessments tend to be marked by teachers. To ensure consistent marking standards, quality assurance procedures are needed. In the context of continued debate over the…
Descriptors: Evaluative Thinking, Grading, Examiners, Protocol Analysis
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Adoniou, Misty; Gallagher, Mary – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
This article reports on a study of teacher and principal attitudes to newly mandated teacher standards in Australia. The qualitative study of 36 teachers and principals was conducted over 12 months as the new educators in five schools completed a mandatory teacher probation process framed by the teacher standards. The study found positive…
Descriptors: Standards, Teacher Education, Beginning Teachers, Teacher Orientation
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Kim, Sun – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
This paper critically considers the notion of educational policy transfer by addressing the roles of significant actors, based on an analysis of educational reforms made during the Soviet and US military occupation in the two Koreas. Using evidence from the Korean cases, the paper challenges the state-centric, linear, and static views of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Technology Transfer, Educational Change, Foreign Policy
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Crawford, Claire; Macmillan, Lindsey; Vignoles, Anna – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
In this paper, we examine the trajectories of initially higher- and lower-achieving children from lower and higher socio-economic status families from primary school through to university in England for the first time. We also explore what explains these trajectories. This enables us to provide new insights into when and why the performance of…
Descriptors: Poverty, High Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap
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Hána, David; Hasman, Jirí; Kostelecká, Yvona – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
The integration of immigrant children into the education system is a process that is accompanied by serious debate, especially in advanced countries, which have large shares of immigrants and a long history of immigration. The poorer educational outcomes of foreign-born children are largely explained there through their socio-economically…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Inclusion, Regression (Statistics)
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Banerjee, Pallavi Amitava – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) skills are very valuable for economic growth. However, the number of young people pursuing STEM learning trajectories in the United Kingdom was lower than the predicted demand during the last decade. Several STEM enrichment and enhancement activities were thus funded by the government,…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Foreign Countries, Enrichment Activities, Mathematics Skills
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Pensiero, Nicola; Green, Francis – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
We analyse the prevalence and effectiveness of out-of-school-time (OST) study programmes among secondary aged students, focusing on their potential for reducing socio-economic gaps in educational achievement. Compared to several extant studies, including the only prior study for Britain, whose findings could be affected by heterogeneous…
Descriptors: After School Programs, Program Effectiveness, Incidence, Secondary School Students
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