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Manicol, John – Oxford Review of Education, 1983
The idea that social problems were caused by people who were genetically unfit, that such people were readily identified, and that they should not be permitted to reproduce was an important part of discussions about mental deficiency in the period from 1900-1940. Mention is made of the papers which follow. (IS)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Foreign Countries, Identification, Medicine
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Barker, David – Oxford Review of Education, 1983
Eugenists in Edwardian Great Britain believed that society was in imminent danger because degenerate individuals were outbreeding normal people. Four strategies to prevent the unfit from reproducing--regulation, birth control, sterilization, and segregation--are discussed as well as the political and social climate in which eugenics developed. (IS)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Contraception, Foreign Countries, Identification
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Ray, L. J. – Oxford Review of Education, 1983
Eugenics was not exclusively the concern of conservatives; it also appealed to certain socialists, particularly those whose middle class status was dependent upon their expert services and who believed that social problems could be resolved scientifically. Reasons for the appeal of eugenics to this group are discussed. (IS)
Descriptors: Capitalism, Foreign Countries, Mental Retardation, Population Trends