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Iannelli, Cristina; Duta, Adriana – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Despite a wide international literature on the effect of vocational and general education on school-to-work transition, relatively little is known about the role of having studied specific subjects in explaining inequalities in young people's labour market outcomes. This paper aims to fill this gap by examining differences in employment chances of…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Majors (Students), Employment Potential, Longitudinal Studies
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Pring, Richard – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The paper provides an historical but critical context for examining the relation of the pursuit of greater equality in schooling to the development of curriculum. This requires a brief account of what one means by the principle of equality, before showing the different ways in which there have been curriculum responses underpinned by philosophical…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Debate, Curriculum Development, Politics of Education
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Barrance, Rhian; Elwood, Jannette – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper presents data that consider ways in which young people experience the curriculum through the lens of subject examination syllabuses (for GCSEs), their associated assessment techniques and structures, and educational policies at national and school level concerning subject choice. Drawing upon an original qualitative dataset from a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Exit Examinations
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Dilnot, Catherine – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
English students from less privileged backgrounds and state, rather than private, schools remain significantly under-represented at high-status universities. There has been little work to date on the role of A-level subject choice, as opposed to attainment, in access to university. Using linked administrative data for three recent cohorts of…
Descriptors: Taxonomy, College Entrance Examinations, Exit Examinations, High School Graduates
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Moulton, Vanessa; Sullivan, Alice; Henderson, Morag; Anders, Jake – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper considers whether subject choice at 14-16 influences post-16 transitions, taking into account prior academic attainment and school characteristics, and if so, whether this accounts for socioeconomic, gender, and ethnic differences in access to post-16 education. We consider post-16 progression to full-time education, A-levels, and…
Descriptors: Course Selection (Students), Prior Learning, Educational Attainment, Institutional Characteristics
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Anders, Jake; Henderson, Morag; Moulton, Vanessa; Sullivan, Alice – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The subjects that young people study from age 14 onwards may have important consequences for their future academic and labour market outcomes. These decisions are shaped by the schools in which they find themselves. Schools also face constraints of their own. This paper explores the extent to which individuals' decisions are affected by the school…
Descriptors: School Role, Academic Advising, School Statistics, Student Records
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Smyth, Emer – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Young people in Irish schools are required to choose whether to sit secondary exam subjects at higher or ordinary level. This paper draws on a mixed methods longitudinal study of students in 12 case-study schools to trace the factors influencing take-up of higher level subjects within lower secondary education. School organisation and process are…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Mixed Methods Research, Middle Class, Working Class
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Steiner-Khamsi, Gita; Appleton, Margaret; Vellani, Shezleen – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The media analysis is situated in the larger body of studies that explore the varied reasons why different policy actors advocate for international large-scale student assessments (ILSAs) and adds to the research on the fast advance of the global education industry. The analysis of "The Economist," "Financial Times," and…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, International Assessment, Educational Practices, Content Analysis
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Birnhack, Michael; Perry-Hazan, Lotem; German Ben-Hayun, Shiran – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This study explored how primary school children perceive school surveillance by Closed Circuit TV systems (CCTVs) and how their perceptions relate to their privacy consciousness. It drew on interviews with 57 children, aged 9-12, who were enrolled in three Israeli public schools that had installed CCTVs, and on information gathered from members of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Privacy, Television, Student Attitudes
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Harris, Richard; Reynolds, Rosemary – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper explores teachers' decision making by examining the topics that 11 history teachers from 10 schools in England chose to teach and how they approached teaching these topics. Data were gathered from curriculum documents and semi-structured interviews in which teachers' topic choices and approaches to history were explored. Most teachers…
Descriptors: Decision Making, History Instruction, Teacher Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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Zuilkowski, Stephanie Simmons; Piper, Benjamin; Ong'ele, Salome; Kiminza, Onesmus – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Low-cost private schools (LCPS) are widespread in Kenya, particularly in urban areas. This study examines the reasons that parents send children to fee-charging schools in a context of free public primary education. Drawing on parent survey and interview data, as well as interviews with national policy makers, we found that parents who chose LCPS…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Attitudes, School Choice, Private Schools
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Fung, Dennis; Liang, Tim – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Liberal Studies was initially introduced as a non-statutory subject in Hong Kong in 1992. It then confronted intense opposition and a bumpy implementation path before securing mandatory status in the new senior secondary curriculum introduced in 2009. Recently, this core subject has been under review. Whilst it is considered to promote students'…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Curriculum Development, Liberal Arts, Secondary School Curriculum
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Subero, David; Llopart, Mariona; Siqués, Carina; Esteban-Guitart, Moises – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The aim of this paper is to address the teaching and learning processes in schools from a Vygotskian perspective based on the notion of "identity artefacts" (IAs) which, for our purposes, consist of documents created by the learners about themselves, in which they try to capture all the things that make sense and are meaningful to them…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Teaching Methods, Mediation Theory, Bilingual Instructional Materials
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Pizmony-Levy, Oren; Bjorklund, Peter, Jr. – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
One of the overarching goals of international large-scale assessments (ILSA) is to inform public discourse about the quality of education in different countries. To fulfil this function, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), for example, raises awareness of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA)…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Evidence, National Surveys, Public Opinion
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Zhang, Wei; Bray, Mark – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The global expansion of mass schooling has greatly increased opportunities for low-income families, and governments have devoted much effort to equalising access and quality in education systems. Alongside regular schooling, the so-called shadow education system of private supplementary tutoring has grown rapidly across the world. The fact that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Tutoring, Socioeconomic Influences, Equal Education
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