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Molly F. Gordon; Carol Hafford; Mitchell R. Barrows; Stacy B. Ehrlich Loewe; Kyle DeMeo Cook; Melissa Gutwein; Cristina Carrazza; Rachel C. Feldman; Tamara G. Halle; Kristie Kauerz – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2023
The Understanding Children's Transitions from Head Start to Kindergarten (HS2K) Project was a multi-year project funded by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. The purpose of this project was to better understand how to improve children's…
Descriptors: Social Services, Federal Programs, Low Income Students, Transitional Programs
Loewe, Stacy B. Ehrlich; Cook, Kyle DeMeo; Francis, John; Kabourek, Sarah; Halle, Tamara; Barrows, Mitchell R. – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
Existing research suggests that some transition activities (e.g., visits to kindergarten classrooms, home visits by teachers, sharing information with families) initiated by early care and education (ECE) settings, kindergarten teachers and elementary schools, and/or families can have small, positive associations with children's outcomes in…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Transitional Programs, Family Involvement
Jones, Christopher; Shah, Harshini; Xue, Yange – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
Adults who provide care and education to young children have a great responsibility, as children's early environment and relationships have profound and lifelong effects. The Early Head Start conceptual framework recognizes that the characteristics of teachers and home visitors who deliver core Early Head Start services to children and families…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Federal Programs, Social Services, Home Visits
Bernstein, Sara; Reid, Natalie; Harrington, Jeffrey; Malone, Lizabeth – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
Head Start is an essential part of the programs and funding streams that provide early care and education (ECE) services to young children in the U.S. Head Start focuses on supporting children and families with low incomes, but also contributes to the broader effort to expand access to high quality ECE for all young children. Programs and…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Social Services, Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education
Shah, Harshini; De Mond, Ayesha; Monahan, Shannon; Tarullo, Louisa – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
Half of all infants and toddlers receive care in nonparental settings, such as centers and family child care (FCC) homes. On average, infants and toddlers spend more hours per week in care than preschoolers do. Yet infant-toddler care has been identified as lower quality than care for older children, suggesting that professional development (PD)…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Care, Child Care Centers
Harding, Jessica F.; Gleason, Philip; Aikens, Nikki; Malone, Lizabeth; Tarullo, Louisa; Cannon, Judy; Cronquist, Kathryn – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
Research has found that children who attend Head Start for more than one year tend to score higher on cognitive skills at the end of pre-K or at kindergarten entry than children who attend for one year or less (Lee 2011; Wen et al. 2012b; Xue et al. 2016). Although attending Head Start for more years is linked with higher cognitive scores,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Federal Programs, Achievement Gains, Language Skills
Paschall, Katherine; Halle, Tamara; Maxwell, Kelly – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2020
This report provides a descriptive comparison of the early care and education (ECE) landscape across rural, moderate-density urban (suburban), and high-density urban areas. The goal of this comparison was to understand whether ECE availability and characteristics in rural areas differ from those in more densely populated communities. We used…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Rural Areas, Child Care Centers
Bernstein, Sara; Bush, Charles; Aikens, Nikki; Moiduddin, Emily; Harding, Jessica F.; Malone, Lizabeth; Tarullo, Louisa; Cannon, Judy; Filipczak, Kai; Lukashanets, Serge – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2019
Head Start is a national program that promotes school readiness by enhancing the social and cognitive development of children through the provision of educational, health, nutritional, social, and other services to enrolled children and families. The Head Start program provides comprehensive child development services to economically disadvantaged…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Preschool Children, Economically Disadvantaged, Teacher Characteristics
Madill, Rebecca; Halle, Tamara; Gebhart, Tracy; Shuey, Elizabeth – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2018
While many efforts to improve the quality of early care and education (ECE) have focused on increasing teachers' and caregivers' competencies and knowledge specific to the teaching of young children, a small body of research suggests that an ECE workforce that is mentally healthy can provide the best-quality care for children. The primary research…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Mental Health, Preschool Teachers, Stress Variables
Moiduddin, Emily; Bush, Charles; Manley, Mikia; Aikens, Nikki; Tarullo, Louisa; Malone, Lizabeth; Lukashanets, Serge – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2017
This report includes key information on the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2014-2018 (FACES 2014) study design and a set of data tables presents descriptive statistics for the characteristics of classrooms, teachers, centers, and programs serving Head Start children and families in spring 2015. Data are drawn from the spring 2015…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Preschool Children, Economically Disadvantaged, Teacher Characteristics