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Caroline Lauver; Harshini Shah; Louisa Tarullo – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2023
Head Start programs engage parents to support children's growth from birth through age 5 through services that promote early learning and development, health, and family well-being. These programs specifically seek to assist families with low incomes and families facing a variety of other adversities. The Head Start REACH: Strengthening Outreach,…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Young Children, Family (Sociological Unit)
Molly F. Gordon; Carol Hafford; Mitchell R. Barrows; Stacy B. Ehrlich Loewe; Kyle DeMeo Cook; Melissa Gutwein; Cristina Carrazza; Rachel C. Feldman; Tamara G. Halle; Kristie Kauerz – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2023
The Understanding Children's Transitions from Head Start to Kindergarten (HS2K) Project was a multi-year project funded by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. The purpose of this project was to better understand how to improve children's…
Descriptors: Social Services, Federal Programs, Low Income Students, Transitional Programs
Doran, Elizabeth; Reid, Natalie; Bernstein, Sara; Nguyen, Tutrang; Dang, Myley; Li, Ann; Kopack Klein, Ashley; Rakibullah, Sharika; Scott, Myah; Cannon, Judy; Harrington, Jeff; Larson, Addison; Tarullo, Louisa; Malone, Lizabeth – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
Head Start is a national program that helps young children from families with low income get ready to succeed in school. It does this by working to promote their early learning and health and their families' well-being. The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) provides national information about Head Start programs and…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Low Income Students, Social Services, Children
Xue, Yange; Del Grosso, Patricia; Carlson, Barbara – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
Partnerships between Early Head Start (EHS) programs and child care providers aim to increase access to high quality, comprehensive services that meet the needs of infants and toddlers from families with low incomes. Quality in early care and education matters. In prior research, high quality early care and education was associated with better…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Child Care Centers, Partnerships in Education, Early Intervention
Harding, Jessica F.; Nguyen, Tutrang; Malone, Lizabeth; Atkins-Burnett, Sally; Tarullo, Louisa; Aikens, Nikki – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
In spring 2020, in response to the COVID-19 (for coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic, many early care and education centers, including Head Start centers, closed their physical buildings and changed their operations to virtual. Because of health and safety restrictions, OPRE was unable to directly assess children's skills in spring 2020 for the…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Low Income Students, Social Services, Experience
Loewe, Stacy B. Ehrlich; Cook, Kyle DeMeo; Francis, John; Kabourek, Sarah; Halle, Tamara; Barrows, Mitchell R. – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
Existing research suggests that some transition activities (e.g., visits to kindergarten classrooms, home visits by teachers, sharing information with families) initiated by early care and education (ECE) settings, kindergarten teachers and elementary schools, and/or families can have small, positive associations with children's outcomes in…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Transitional Programs, Family Involvement
Jones, Christopher; Shah, Harshini; Xue, Yange – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
Adults who provide care and education to young children have a great responsibility, as children's early environment and relationships have profound and lifelong effects. The Early Head Start conceptual framework recognizes that the characteristics of teachers and home visitors who deliver core Early Head Start services to children and families…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Federal Programs, Social Services, Home Visits
Bernstein, Sara; Reid, Natalie; Harrington, Jeffrey; Malone, Lizabeth – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2022
Head Start is an essential part of the programs and funding streams that provide early care and education (ECE) services to young children in the U.S. Head Start focuses on supporting children and families with low incomes, but also contributes to the broader effort to expand access to high quality ECE for all young children. Programs and…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Social Services, Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education
Shah, Harshini; De Mond, Ayesha; Monahan, Shannon; Tarullo, Louisa – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
Half of all infants and toddlers receive care in nonparental settings, such as centers and family child care (FCC) homes. On average, infants and toddlers spend more hours per week in care than preschoolers do. Yet infant-toddler care has been identified as lower quality than care for older children, suggesting that professional development (PD)…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Care, Child Care Centers
Gonzalez, Katie; Bernstein, Sara; Malone, Lizabeth; Larson, Addison – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization and a public health emergency by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control in March 2020 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2020). In the following months, families in the U.S. experienced financial hardships such as job and income loss, increasing food insecurity, and loss of…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Education, COVID-19
Harding, Jessica F.; Gleason, Philip; Aikens, Nikki; Malone, Lizabeth; Tarullo, Louisa; Cannon, Judy; Cronquist, Kathryn – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
Research has found that children who attend Head Start for more than one year tend to score higher on cognitive skills at the end of pre-K or at kindergarten entry than children who attend for one year or less (Lee 2011; Wen et al. 2012b; Xue et al. 2016). Although attending Head Start for more years is linked with higher cognitive scores,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Federal Programs, Achievement Gains, Language Skills
Kelly, Mason – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2020
Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation's (OPRE's) Division of Child and Family Development (DCFD) is responsible for research and evaluation related to Head Start programs, early childhood development, childcare, child maltreatment, and child welfare services. OPRE's research in the area of child and family development focuses on young…
Descriptors: Child Development, Family Environment, Early Childhood Education, Child Welfare
Paschall, Katherine; Halle, Tamara; Maxwell, Kelly – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2020
This report provides a descriptive comparison of the early care and education (ECE) landscape across rural, moderate-density urban (suburban), and high-density urban areas. The goal of this comparison was to understand whether ECE availability and characteristics in rural areas differ from those in more densely populated communities. We used…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Rural Areas, Child Care Centers
Bernstein, Sara; Bush, Charles; Aikens, Nikki; Moiduddin, Emily; Harding, Jessica F.; Malone, Lizabeth; Tarullo, Louisa; Cannon, Judy; Filipczak, Kai; Lukashanets, Serge – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2019
Head Start is a national program that promotes school readiness by enhancing the social and cognitive development of children through the provision of educational, health, nutritional, social, and other services to enrolled children and families. The Head Start program provides comprehensive child development services to economically disadvantaged…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Preschool Children, Economically Disadvantaged, Teacher Characteristics
Klein, Ashley Kopack; Aikens, Nikki; Malone, Lizabeth; Tarullo, Louisa – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2018
Using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES 2014), this research brief describes the family background and developmental progress of Head Start children as they complete a program year (from Fall 2014 to Spring 2015). This brief highlights descriptive information from the FACES 2014-2015 Data Tables and Study Design…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, School Readiness, Family Characteristics, Child Development
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