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Office of Planning, Research…33
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Harding, Jessica F.; Gleason, Philip; Aikens, Nikki; Malone, Lizabeth; Tarullo, Louisa; Cannon, Judy; Cronquist, Kathryn – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
Research has found that children who attend Head Start for more than one year tend to score higher on cognitive skills at the end of pre-K or at kindergarten entry than children who attend for one year or less (Lee 2011; Wen et al. 2012b; Xue et al. 2016). Although attending Head Start for more years is linked with higher cognitive scores,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Federal Programs, Achievement Gains, Language Skills
Shah, Harshini; De Mond, Ayesha; Monahan, Shannon; Tarullo, Louisa – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
Half of all infants and toddlers receive care in nonparental settings, such as centers and family child care (FCC) homes. On average, infants and toddlers spend more hours per week in care than preschoolers do. Yet infant-toddler care has been identified as lower quality than care for older children, suggesting that professional development (PD)…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Care, Child Care Centers
Nguyen, Tutrang; Atkins-Burnett, Sally; Monahan, Shannon; Tarullo, Louisa – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
Children's early interactions with adults during the first three years of life are instrumental in the development of their language, cognitive, and social skills, which in turn are strongly related to later achievement and success into adolescence. Early childhood professionals working with infants and toddlers need to understand children's…
Descriptors: Caregiver Attitudes, Beliefs, Early Childhood Education, Infants
Gonzalez, Katie; Bernstein, Sara; Malone, Lizabeth; Larson, Addison – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2021
COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization and a public health emergency by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control in March 2020 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2020). In the following months, families in the U.S. experienced financial hardships such as job and income loss, increasing food insecurity, and loss of…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Education, COVID-19
Casanueva, C.; Smith, K.; Ringeisen, H.; Dolan, M.; Testa, M.; Burfeind, C. – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2020
Early intervention for children with developmental delays or disabilities may prevent future need for special education services. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) allows each state to establish criteria for eligibility for early intervention services for children younger than 3 years old (Part C) and special education…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Young Children, Foster Care, Access to Education
Kelly, Mason – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2020
Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation's (OPRE's) Division of Child and Family Development (DCFD) is responsible for research and evaluation related to Head Start programs, early childhood development, childcare, child maltreatment, and child welfare services. OPRE's research in the area of child and family development focuses on young…
Descriptors: Child Development, Family Environment, Early Childhood Education, Child Welfare
Paschall, Katherine; Halle, Tamara; Maxwell, Kelly – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2020
This report provides a descriptive comparison of the early care and education (ECE) landscape across rural, moderate-density urban (suburban), and high-density urban areas. The goal of this comparison was to understand whether ECE availability and characteristics in rural areas differ from those in more densely populated communities. We used…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Rural Areas, Child Care Centers
Litwok, Daniel; Gardiner, Karen – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2020
This report documents the impacts three years after random assignment for the Pathways to Healthcare program, operated by Pima Community College and Pima County One Stop in Tucson, Arizona. The program aimed to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete occupational training that could lead to increased employment and higher earnings.…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Career Pathways, Allied Health Occupations Education, Adult Students
Wasserman, Kyla; Walter, Johanna; Luczywek, Beata; Wagner, Hannah; Redcross, Cindy – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2019
This report presents findings from a feasibility evaluation of the Bridges to Pathways (Bridges) program. Bridges was a program for young men in Chicago between the ages of 17 and 21 years who were involved with the criminal or juvenile justice system and lacked a high school credential. The program offered intensive mentoring and case management,…
Descriptors: Males, Young Adults, Adolescents, Juvenile Justice
Bernstein, Sara; Bush, Charles; Aikens, Nikki; Moiduddin, Emily; Harding, Jessica F.; Malone, Lizabeth; Tarullo, Louisa; Cannon, Judy; Filipczak, Kai; Lukashanets, Serge – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2019
Head Start is a national program that promotes school readiness by enhancing the social and cognitive development of children through the provision of educational, health, nutritional, social, and other services to enrolled children and families. The Head Start program provides comprehensive child development services to economically disadvantaged…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Preschool Children, Economically Disadvantaged, Teacher Characteristics
Gatewood, Amanda K. – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2019
This brief describes the household composition of migrant and seasonally laboring families who are eligible for MSHS. These families may or may not be enrolled in MSHS at the time that they were surveyed. Understanding the composition of migrant and seasonal farmworker families and households may identify some areas of focus for MSHS programs who…
Descriptors: Migrants, Seasonal Laborers, Family Characteristics, Family (Sociological Unit)
Manno, Michelle S.; Mancini, Patrizia; O'Herron, Charlotte – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2019
The Building Bridges and Bonds (B3) evaluation, a federally funded study of Responsible Fatherhood programs, is testing a set of three innovative approaches to help fathers with low income improve their parenting and employment skills. One innovation, Just Beginning (JB), was added to the existing fatherhood services at three community-based…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent Education, Parenting Skills, Job Skills
Peck, Laura R.; Litwok, Daniel; Walton, Douglas; Harvill, Eleanor; Werner, Alan – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2019
In 2010, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services awarded the first round of five-year Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG 1.0) to 32 organizations in 23 states; five were tribal organizations. The purpose of the HPOG Program is to provide education and training to Temporary…
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Student Financial Aid, Grants, Federal Aid
Duggan, Anne; Portilla, Ximena A.; Filene, Jill H.; Crowne, Sarah Shea; Hill, Carolyn J.; Lee, Helen; Knox, Virginia – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2018
This implementation research report describes the local programs, home visiting staff, and families who participated in the Mother and Infant Home Visiting Program Evaluation (MIHOPE), a national evaluation of the federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program launched in 2011. This national evaluation is…
Descriptors: Program Implementation, Program Evaluation, Early Childhood Education, Home Visits
Glosser, Asaph; Ellis, Emily – Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2018
People served by public assistance programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) often have difficulty finding jobs in the competitive labor market. This report describes the ways in which eight TANF programs primarily serving American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) families use subsidized employment. Subsidized employment…
Descriptors: Employment Programs, American Indians, Alaska Natives, Tribes
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