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OECD Publishing, 2021
School heads in public institutions are required to work on average 7-8 hours a day, as is the case for most office-based jobs. The hours worked and the list of tasks and responsibilities vary widely across countries. On average across OECD countries, they earn more than teachers and other full-time tertiary-educated workers. However, more than…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Role, Administrator Responsibility, Stress Variables
OECD Publishing, 2021
With most students around the world having experienced remote learning over the past year because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of teachers and schools has become all the more evident. Temporary school closures underline how richly students benefit from being in school with their teachers and classmates. "Positive, High-achieving…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, School Role, Teacher Role, Time Management
Gouëdard, Pierre – OECD Publishing, 2021
Why do certain students thrive when facing adversity while others languish? In the mindset theory, growth mindset is opposed to fixed mindset, and could explain why some people fulfil their potential and others do not. With the COVID pandemic dragging on, having a growth mindset may be even more critical. For students who are able to set their own…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Advantaged, Achievement Gap, Achievement Gains
Gouëdard, Pierre – OECD Publishing, 2021
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) conducts the triennial Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), a global yardstick for evaluating the quality, equity and efficiency of school systems. PISA regularly measures what 15-year-old students know and can do, and relates it to a wide range of aspects. For the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
OECD Publishing, 2021
In 2020, 1.5 billion students in 188 countries/economies were locked out of their schools. Students everywhere have been faced with schools that are open one day and closed the next, causing massive disruption to their learning. With the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic still raging, many education systems are still struggling, and the situation is…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Educational Change, Educational Trends
OECD Publishing, 2021
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has led to the frequent closure of school buildings in most countries in the world and has interrupted the school attendance of at least 1.2 billion students in 2020 and 2021. Although many education systems are adapting to varying degrees, the pandemic is showing that countries' current learning infrastructures…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Educational Practices, School Closing
Révai, Nóra – OECD Publishing, 2020
The paper investigates two -- often disconnected -- policy questions: how can we scale the use of evidence in teaching practice, and how can we generate and scale innovation? Both questions necessitate understanding how teachers and schools connect with each other, and with other organisations and professionals. The paper thus explores the role of…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Innovation, Educational Research, Educational Policy
Price, Heather; Carstens, Ralph – OECD Publishing, 2020
This analysis plan proposes the specifications for analysis for various studies using the third cycle of the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS 2018) data. It serves as a link between the "TALIS 2018 Conceptual Framework" and the reporting plan. After a brief introduction in Section 1, Sections 2 and 3 suggest analyses for…
Descriptors: Administrator Surveys, Teacher Surveys, Teaching Methods, Cross Cultural Studies
Nilsen, Trude; Slot, Pauline; Cigler, Hynek; Chen, Minge – OECD Publishing, 2020
Situational Judgement Questions (SJQs) measuring process quality were included in the OECD Starting Strong Teaching and Learning International Survey 2018 (TALIS Starting Strong 2018) to address concerns of self-report bias in large-scale international surveys. These SJQs provide the staff in early childhood education and care with situations…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Situational Tests, Administrator Surveys, Teacher Surveys
OECD Publishing, 2020
The experience of children under age 3 with early childhood education and care (ECEC) is crucial for their learning, development and well-being and for parents' return to work. Despite increasing recognition of the importance of ECEC for the youngest children, little is known about this sector. The OECD Starting Strong Teaching and Learning…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Young Children, Child Development
OECD Publishing, 2020
Women's participation in higher education has overtaken men's. However, women have been historically under-represented in some fields and continue to be so: they predominate in education,and health and welfare as their main fields of study, while men predominate in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Whatever field of study they…
Descriptors: College Students, Females, Disproportionate Representation, Majors (Students)
OECD Publishing, 2020
While in most countries today women attain higher levels of education than men, on average, they are less likely than men to be employed and they earn less. There are many reasons why these gender gaps open; some are apparent in secondary school. For example, even when they outperform boys academically, girls are less likely than their male peers…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Gender Differences, Competition, Failure
Lewis, Christine; Ollivaud, Patrice – OECD Publishing, 2020
Swiss society is ageing. At the same time, life expectancy is increasing. With most workers retiring around age 65, time in retirement is growing and the ratio of retirees to employees is set to soar. These developments bring a range of opportunities but will likely weigh on growth in GDP per capita and increase public spending. They may also…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Aging (Individuals), Population Trends, Public Policy
OECD Publishing, 2020
On average in OECD countries, private sources account for a significant share of investment in tertiary educational institutions. Private expenditure on tertiary educational institutions increased faster than public expenditure between 2010 and 2016 on average across OECD countries, although this varies from country to country. Participation in…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Private Financial Support, Postsecondary Education, Expenditure per Student
Maghnouj, Soumaya; Salinas, Daniel; Kitchen, Hannah; Guthrie, Caitlyn; Bethell, George; Fordham, Elizabeth – OECD Publishing, 2020
Serbia's education system performs well compared to other countries in the Western Balkans. There have been improvements in access to education and Serbia has undertaken major institutional reforms in recent years, such as the introduction of achievement standards at the end of compulsory education, teacher standards and a school evaluation…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Academic Standards, Educational Change, Educational Improvement
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