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Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
Martin, John P. – OECD Publishing, 2018
The OECD Survey of Adult Skills is the jewel in the crown of its Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). This paper argues that the findings and policy lessons from the project to date justify the high hopes which were placed in PIAAC when detailed planning for the project began in 2003. First, it presents a brief…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Skill Analysis, Surveys, Achievement Tests
OECD Publishing, 2018
In 2015, 193 countries committed to achieving the UN's 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a shared vision of humanity that provides the missing piece of the globalisation puzzle. The extent to which that vision becomes a reality will depend on today's classrooms; and it is educators who hold the key to ensuring that the SDGs become a real…
Descriptors: Sustainable Development, Global Approach, Teacher Role, Educational Quality
Colvin, Richard Lee; Edwards, Virginia – OECD Publishing, 2018
This new publication sets forward the PISA framework for global competence developed by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which aligns closely with the definition developed by the Center for Global Education at Asia Society. Based on the Center's extensive experience supporting educators in integrating global…
Descriptors: Educational Methods, Global Approach, Competence, Adolescents
OECD Publishing, 2018
PISA 2015 data show that, on average across OECD countries, as many as three out of four students from the lowest quarter of socio-economic status reach, at best, only the baseline level of proficiency (Level 2) in reading, mathematics or science. While in Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Japan, Korea, the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
Kakarmath, Sujay; Denis, Vanessa; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Borgonovi, Francesca; Subramanian, S. V. – OECD Publishing, 2018
We assess the relationship between general literacy skills and health status by analysing data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), an international survey of about 250,000 adults aged 16-65 years conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 2011-15 in 33…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Health, International Assessment
OECD Publishing, 2018
While the benefits of early childhood education and care (ECEC) services to better learning are now widely acknowledged, a widespread and accessible provision for these services also helps support gender equality in the workforce. In particular, the availability, intensity, reliability and affordability of ECEC play an important role in engaging…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Early Childhood Education, Womens Studies, Mothers
OECD Publishing, 2018
While policy debate is often focused on the whole teaching profession, primary and secondary teachers differ in more ways than one. While all countries require teachers to have at least a bachelor degree to enter the profession in primary or lower secondary education, the structure and content of the programmes vary and are less geared towards…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Comparative Analysis, Educational Indicators
Aston, Ruth – OECD Publishing, 2018
This paper provides an overview of trends in physical health outcomes of young people over the last several decades. It makes the argument for the importance of physical health and well-being for the individual and society, including its role in education outcomes. The paper then examines interventions, identifying common factors of effective…
Descriptors: Physical Health, Well Being, Intervention, Children
Mostafa, Tarek; Pál, Judit – OECD Publishing, 2018
In 2015, for the first time in its history, PISA (the Programme for International Student Assessment) asked teachers to describe the various aspects of their working environment and teaching practices. This paper examines how teacher, student, and school characteristics are related to science teachers' satisfaction in 19 PISA-participating…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Job Satisfaction, Evidence, Teacher Surveys
OECD Publishing, 2018
Raising skills is critical to Portugal's economic success and social well-being. As globalisation and digitalisation are transforming how people work, how societies function and how individuals interact, Portugal needs to equip its entire population with strong skills so that they can benefit from new opportunities. Portugal has put education and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Skill Development, Educational Strategies, Adult Learning
OECD Publishing, 2018
This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances in Spain. It provides an assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment between skills acquisition and labour market needs; education and training policies targeting skills…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Skill Development, Labor Market, Labor Needs
Paniagua, Alejandro; Istance, David – OECD Publishing, 2018
Pedagogy is at the heart of teaching and learning. Preparing young people to become lifelong learners with a deep knowledge of subject matter and a broad set of social skills requires a better understanding of how pedagogy influences learning. Focusing on pedagogies shifts the perception of teachers from technicians who strive to attain the…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Educational Innovation, Teaching Methods, Creativity
OECD Publishing, 2018
It is generally acknowledged that the quality of an educational system depends upon the quality of its teachers. In focusing on the importance of pedagogies it is possible to argue that to help students meet new educational challenges, teachers need to reflect upon and update their repertoire of practices. Preparing young people to meet new…
Descriptors: Educational Innovation, Blended Learning, Video Games, Thinking Skills
OECD Publishing, 2018
People with higher levels of education report less prevalence of depression in all OECD countries with data. A greater share of women than men report suffering from depression, but the share decreases more steeply for women than for men as educational attainment increases. Employment is associated with a lower share of self-reported depression,…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Educational Attainment, Incidence, Gender Differences
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