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Lewis, Christine; Ollivaud, Patrice – OECD Publishing, 2020
Swiss society is ageing. At the same time, life expectancy is increasing. With most workers retiring around age 65, time in retirement is growing and the ratio of retirees to employees is set to soar. These developments bring a range of opportunities but will likely weigh on growth in GDP per capita and increase public spending. They may also…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Aging (Individuals), Population Trends, Public Policy
OECD Publishing, 2020
On average in OECD countries, private sources account for a significant share of investment in tertiary educational institutions. Private expenditure on tertiary educational institutions increased faster than public expenditure between 2010 and 2016 on average across OECD countries, although this varies from country to country. Participation in…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Private Financial Support, Postsecondary Education, Expenditure per Student
Maghnouj, Soumaya; Salinas, Daniel; Kitchen, Hannah; Guthrie, Caitlyn; Bethell, George; Fordham, Elizabeth – OECD Publishing, 2020
Serbia's education system performs well compared to other countries in the Western Balkans. There have been improvements in access to education and Serbia has undertaken major institutional reforms in recent years, such as the introduction of achievement standards at the end of compulsory education, teacher standards and a school evaluation…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Academic Standards, Educational Change, Educational Improvement
OECD Publishing, 2020
Adolescence is a period when young people start to prepare for adult life. Teenagers have to make important decisions relevant to their working lives later on, such as what field of study or type of education they will pursue. But young people often lack sufficient knowledge about the breadth of job opportunities and careers open to them; their…
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, Careers, Expectation, Job Skills
OECD Publishing, 2020
Women's participation in higher education has overtaken men's. However, women have been historically under-represented in some fields and continue to be so: they predominate in education,and health and welfare as their main fields of study, while men predominate in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Whatever field of study they…
Descriptors: College Students, Females, Disproportionate Representation, Majors (Students)
OECD Publishing, 2020
While in most countries today women attain higher levels of education than men, on average, they are less likely than men to be employed and they earn less. There are many reasons why these gender gaps open; some are apparent in secondary school. For example, even when they outperform boys academically, girls are less likely than their male peers…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Gender Differences, Competition, Failure
Viac, Carine; Fraser, Pablo – OECD Publishing, 2020
Modern education systems evolve in a context of growing teacher shortages, frequent turnover and a low attractiveness of the profession. In such a context where these challenges interrelate, there is an urgent need to better understand the well-being of teachers and its implications on the teaching and learning nexus. This working paper proposes a…
Descriptors: Teacher Welfare, Teacher Effectiveness, Physical Health, Mental Health
Révai, Nóra – OECD Publishing, 2020
The paper investigates two -- often disconnected -- policy questions: how can we scale the use of evidence in teaching practice, and how can we generate and scale innovation? Both questions necessitate understanding how teachers and schools connect with each other, and with other organisations and professionals. The paper thus explores the role of…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Innovation, Educational Research, Educational Policy
Price, Heather; Carstens, Ralph – OECD Publishing, 2020
This analysis plan proposes the specifications for analysis for various studies using the third cycle of the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS 2018) data. It serves as a link between the "TALIS 2018 Conceptual Framework" and the reporting plan. After a brief introduction in Section 1, Sections 2 and 3 suggest analyses for…
Descriptors: Administrator Surveys, Teacher Surveys, Teaching Methods, Cross Cultural Studies
Balladares, Jaime; Kankaraš, Miloš – OECD Publishing, 2020
Early years are a critical period for skill development. In this sense, the Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) programmes have an important role in promoting children's learning during this period. This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of ECEC programmes by analysing the relationship between students' ECEC attendance and their later…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education
Nilsen, Trude; Slot, Pauline; Cigler, Hynek; Chen, Minge – OECD Publishing, 2020
Situational Judgement Questions (SJQs) measuring process quality were included in the OECD Starting Strong Teaching and Learning International Survey 2018 (TALIS Starting Strong 2018) to address concerns of self-report bias in large-scale international surveys. These SJQs provide the staff in early childhood education and care with situations…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Situational Tests, Administrator Surveys, Teacher Surveys
Vincent-Lancrin, Stéphan; van der Vlies, Reyer – OECD Publishing, 2020
This paper was written to support the G20 artificial intelligence (AI) dialogue. With the rise of artificial intelligence (AI), education faces two challenges: reaping the benefits of AI to improve education processes, both in the classroom and at the system level; and preparing students for new skillsets for increasingly automated economies and…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Educational Change, Technology Uses in Education, Influence of Technology
Bowers, Alex J. – OECD Publishing, 2020
Are teachers and principals aligned in their perceptions of the core components of the theory of Leadership for Learning across countries, or are there subgroups of schools in which there is misalignment? The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which a congruency-typology model of leadership for learning is distributed across…
Descriptors: Classification, Teacher Attitudes, Principals, Administrator Attitudes
Givord, Pauline – OECD Publishing, 2020
Because of the regulations concerning school entry in most school systems, a child's date of birth may significantly affect his or her age at entry into school, and thus their first experience of schooling. Using data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), this paper provides a comparative analysis of the impact of a…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Academic Achievement, Correlation, School Entrance Age
Ulferts, Hannah – OECD Publishing, 2020
This paper provides a structured overview of the existing parenting literature with the aim of developing an evidence-based and culture-sensitive framework of parenting and its influence on child development. The paper outlines how changes in the 21st century have altered family life and summarises evidence from 29 meta-studies and 81 quantitative…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, 21st Century Skills, Evidence Based Practice, Child Development
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