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OECD Publishing, 2017
The future of Greece's well-being will depend on improving educational performance to raise employment and social outcomes. The challenges are significant, as public education expenditure in Greece has declined in recent years and learning outcomes are weak. To help the Greek government address these challenges, this report proposes a set of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Improvement, Professional Autonomy
Kitchen, Hannah; Fordham, Elizabeth; Henderson, Kirsteen; Looney, Anne; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2017
Romania's education system has made impressive strides over the past two decades, with an increasing share of students mastering the basic competencies that they need for life and work. But these average improvements mask significant disparities in learning outcomes and attainment, with an increasing share of students leaving education early…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Improvement, Educational Assessment, Student Evaluation
OECD Publishing, 2017
Since the 1990s, the world has entered a new phase of globalisation. Information and communication technology, trade liberalisation and lower transport costs have enabled firms and countries to fragment the production process into global value chains (GVCs). Many products are now designed in one country and assembled in another country from parts…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Information Technology, International Trade, Manufacturing Industry
OECD Publishing, 2017
The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) examines not just what students know in science, reading and mathematics, but what they can do with what they know. Results from PISA show educators and policy makers the quality and equity of learning outcomes achieved elsewhere, and allow them to learn from the policies and practices…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students
OECD Publishing, 2017
Higher education policy is the key to lifelong learning and this is particularly important as the ageing population is increasing in many countries. It is a major driver of economic competitiveness in an increasingly knowledge-driven global economy and it also brings social cohesion and well-being. Countries are increasingly aware that higher…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Policy, Public Policy
OECD Publishing, 2017
This Tax Policy Study on Taxation and Skills examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries. This study also assesses the returns to tertiary and adult education and examines how these returns are shared between governments and students. The study builds indicators that examine incentives for individuals and governments…
Descriptors: Taxes, Public Policy, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
OECD Publishing, 2017
Education in Ukraine is marked by integrity violations from early childhood education and care through postgraduate study. In the past decade policy makers and civic organisations have made progress in addressing these challenges. However, much remains to be done. "OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017" aims to support…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Integrity, Educational Policy, Access to Education
OECD Publishing, 2017
The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) examines not just what students know in science, reading and mathematics, but what they can do with what they know. This report is the product of a collaborative effort between the countries participating in PISA, the national and international experts and institutions working within…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
OECD Publishing, 2017
This report examines how governments use financial incentives to promote a better alignment between labour market needs, on the one hand, and the supply of skills, on the other. In doing so, it identifies: (1) innovative models that countries may be interested in learning from; (2) best practice in the design and use of financial incentives; (3)…
Descriptors: Incentives, Financial Support, Alignment (Education), Labor Market
Csapó, Beno, Ed.; Funke, Joachim, Ed. – OECD Publishing, 2017
Solving non-routine problems is a key competence in a world full of changes, uncertainty and surprise where we strive to achieve so many ambitious goals. But the world is also full of solutions because of the extraordinary competences of humans who search for and find them. We must explore the world around us in a thoughtful way, acquire knowledge…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students
Guerriero, Sonia, Ed. – OECD Publishing, 2017
Highly qualified and competent teachers are fundamental for equitable and effective education systems. Teachers today are facing higher and more complex expectations to help students reach their full potential and become valuable members of 21st century society. The nature and variety of these demands imply that teachers, more than ever before,…
Descriptors: Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Educational Change, Teaching (Occupation), Educational Research
OECD Publishing, 2017
How might we know whether our schools or system are set up to optimise learning? How can we find out whether we are getting the most from technology? How can we evaluate our innovation or think through whether our change initiative will bring about its desired results? Teachers and educational leaders who grapple with such questions will find this…
Descriptors: Educational Innovation, Educational Environment, Educational Assessment, Educational Principles
OECD Publishing, 2017
This joint OECD-ILO publication provides guidance on how local and regional governments can foster business-education partnerships in apprenticeship programmes and other types of work-based learning, drawing on case studies across nine countries. There has been increasing interest in apprenticeships which combine on the job training with…
Descriptors: Partnerships in Education, Apprenticeships, School Business Relationship, Workplace Learning
OECD Publishing, 2017
Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can help lay the foundations for future skills development, well-being and learning. Having timely, reliable and comparable international information is essential to help countries improve their ECEC services and systems. For over 15 years, the OECD has been conducting policy analysis and gathering new…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Early Childhood Education, Educational Policy, Policy Analysis
OECD Publishing, 2017
The transition from early childhood education to primary school is a big step for all children, and a step which more and more children are having to take. Quality transitions should be well-prepared and child-centred, managed by trained staff collaborating with one another, and guided by an appropriate and aligned curriculum. Transitions like…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, Transitional Programs, Comparative Education
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