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ERIC Number: EJ1211296
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Exploring the Use of Debate to Enhance Elementary Teacher Candidates' Argumentation Skills
Wang, Jianlan; Buck, Gayle A.
New Waves-Educational Research and Development Journal, v21 n1 p30-47 Aug 2018
The purpose of this action research is to introduce a debate activity contextualized in a scientific topic and explore its effectiveness in prompting teacher candidates' (TC) argumentation skills and affective perception of argumentation. We also investigate the separate impacts of the different aspects of the debate activity. Through comparing the quality of structural argumentation from 28 elementary TCs before and after the activity, we find that the debate has enhanced the TCs' argumentation skills in terms of the use of rebuttals. The transcript data further reveals that the confrontational aspect of the debate, i.e. Clash and Extension, are most effective in arousing high-level arguments as well as most risky in triggering negative TC attitudes towards argumentation. Through reflecting on our action of implementing the debate, we suggest a revised rubric for argumentation assessment in which sophisticated argumentation skills are epitomized by not only rebutting but also synthesizing various information and multiple perspectives to reach a conclusion.
Descriptors: Debate, Elementary School Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Persuasive Discourse, Skill Development, Science Process Skills, Instructional Effectiveness, Scoring Rubrics
Chinese American Educational Research and Development Association. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: https://www.viethconsulting.com/members/publication/new_waves_home.php
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A