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Bers, Trudy – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2012
Surveys and benchmarks continue to grow in importance for community colleges in response to several factors. One is the press for accountability, that is, for colleges to report the outcomes of their programs and services to demonstrate their quality and prudent use of resources, primarily to external constituents and governing boards at the state…
Descriptors: Benchmarking, Community Colleges, Accountability, Surveys
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Penn, Jeremy D. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2011
In 1933-1934, a few years before the landmark study on student achievement by Learned and Wood (1938), the total enrollment of students in colleges, universities, junior colleges, teachers colleges, and normal schools was around 1.06 million out of a U.S. population of about 126.5 million, or about 0.8 percent. In 2008, the total projected fall…
Descriptors: Higher Education, General Education, Outcomes of Education, Evaluation Methods
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Volkwein, J. Fredericks – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2010
A diverse society has created a diverse education system, which in turn requires diverse and complex mechanisms of quality control. The diversity and complexity of the industrial, service, and knowledge-based economy, with its vast variety of occupations and dynamic labor markets, heavily influences the curricular structures and academic profiles…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Needs, Quality Control, Accountability
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Volkwein, J. Fredericks – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2010
In this chapter, the author proposes a model for assessing institutional effectiveness. The Volkwein model for assessing institutional effectiveness consists of five parts that summarize the steps for assessing institutions, programs, faculty, and students. The first step in the model distinguishes the dual purposes of institutional effectiveness:…
Descriptors: Institutional Evaluation, Models, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Criteria
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Yin, Alexander C.; Volkwein, J. Fredericks – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2010
In both purpose and practice, general education in American higher education has experienced several recurring debates and national revivals. In a world with constantly evolving technology, students need a strong general education to be flexible and adaptable to the changes of the world. General education is an important component and requirement…
Descriptors: Institutional Research, General Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Definitions
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Middaugh, Michael; Silva, Moises; Ramirez, Soledad; Reich, Ricardo – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2008
Institutional research (IR) in Latin America is experiencing dramatic growth due, in no small measure, to the need for quality assurance in educational institutions developing trained workforces for emerging economies. Quality can be assured only where it can be measured, and that is at the core of institutional research in countries to the south…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Institutional Research, Quality Control, Foreign Countries
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Toma, J. Douglas – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2008
Considering accountability, affordability, and access through the experiences in Chile, East Asia, Australia, Croatia, and the United States offers a clear reminder that trends and issues in higher education are often more similar across national contexts than they are distinct. Across higher education, institutions and systems are responding to…
Descriptors: Institutional Research, Quality Control, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Burke, Joseph C. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 1998
Eight common objections to performance funding of public colleges are presented and answered. The arguments focus on the complexity of higher education's goals, diversity of institution type, subjectivity of educational quality, relative power of the allocation amounts linked to performance measures, politics of resource allocation, cost of…
Descriptors: Accountability, Costs, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Objectives