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Bers, Trudy – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2012
Surveys and benchmarks continue to grow in importance for community colleges in response to several factors. One is the press for accountability, that is, for colleges to report the outcomes of their programs and services to demonstrate their quality and prudent use of resources, primarily to external constituents and governing boards at the state…
Descriptors: Benchmarking, Community Colleges, Accountability, Surveys
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Penn, Jeremy D. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2011
In 1933-1934, a few years before the landmark study on student achievement by Learned and Wood (1938), the total enrollment of students in colleges, universities, junior colleges, teachers colleges, and normal schools was around 1.06 million out of a U.S. population of about 126.5 million, or about 0.8 percent. In 2008, the total projected fall…
Descriptors: Higher Education, General Education, Outcomes of Education, Evaluation Methods
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Yin, Alexander C.; Volkwein, J. Fredericks – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2010
In both purpose and practice, general education in American higher education has experienced several recurring debates and national revivals. In a world with constantly evolving technology, students need a strong general education to be flexible and adaptable to the changes of the world. General education is an important component and requirement…
Descriptors: Institutional Research, General Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Definitions
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Borden, Victor M. H.; Young, John W. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2008
In this chapter, the authors focus on issues of validity in measuring student learning as a prospective indicator of institutional effectiveness. Other chapters in this volume include reference to specific approaches to measuring student learning for accountability purposes, such as through standardized tests, authentic samples of student work,…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Institutional Evaluation, Accountability, Academic Achievement
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Doyle, William R. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2006
The author applies strategic response theory to develop hypotheses about the type of response that public colleges and universities will exhibit as a consequence of state policies to encourage the scholarship of teaching, discovery, and application. (Contains 2 tables.)
Descriptors: Public Colleges, College Faculty, Accountability, Scholarship
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Phillippe, Kent A. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2005
Accountability and reporting mechanisms go hand in hand with government programs that promote workforce development. This chapter describes current practice in the United States and suggests how institutional researchers can help improve the process of documenting outcomes. (Contains 1 table.)
Descriptors: Institutional Research, Accountability, Community Colleges, Research Reports
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Lindquist, Jack – New Directions for Institutional Research, 1978
Behavioral science strategies offer an alternative to bureaucratic and political strategies. The weakness of a bureaucratic or political approach, the professor as social learner and as problem-solving adult, strategies for increasing faculty productivity, and ways for creating a learning institution are discussed. (MLW)
Descriptors: Accountability, Bureaucracy, Change Strategies, College Faculty
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Wells, Joan; Silk, Elizabeth; Torres, David – New Directions for Institutional Research, 1999
Addresses the dual impact of advancing information technology and increasing demands for institutional accountability, which have brought new challenges to college/university offices of institutional research. Offers a model of institutional research dissemination that is a compromise between internal reporting concerns and external accountability…
Descriptors: Accountability, Cooperative Programs, Higher Education, Information Management
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Moore, John W. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 1992
Ensuring the integrity of the intercollegiate athletics program is a fundamental responsibility of the college president. The institutional research professional should lead in designing, coordinating, and maintaining an athletics information support system, and support staff should conduct analyses and prepare special reports as needed to shape…
Descriptors: Accountability, Administrator Role, College Athletics, College Presidents
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Burke, Joseph C. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 1998
Eight common objections to performance funding of public colleges are presented and answered. The arguments focus on the complexity of higher education's goals, diversity of institution type, subjectivity of educational quality, relative power of the allocation amounts linked to performance measures, politics of resource allocation, cost of…
Descriptors: Accountability, Costs, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Objectives
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Keller, George – New Directions for Institutional Research, 1993
Four developments have made strategic planning and information-based management necessary in higher education: changing external conditions; demands for accountability; deteriorating financial strength; and need for changes in leadership roles. Although institutional situations and needs vary, what is most important is to learn to manage with…
Descriptors: Accountability, College Administration, Competition, Computer Oriented Programs
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Banta, Trudy W.; Borden, Victor M. H. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 1994
Five criteria for judging college or university performance indicators (PIs) used to guide strategic decision making are outlined. The criteria address: purpose; alignment of PIs throughout the organization or system; alignment of PIs across inputs, processes, and outcomes; capacity to accommodate a variety of evaluation methods; and utility in…
Descriptors: Accountability, College Administration, College Planning, Decision Making