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Liu, Ying; Yin, Alexander C. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2010
The authors begin this chapter by revisiting Astin, Panos, and Creager (1967), who developed a conceptual scheme to guide the selection of various types of measurements organized by three dimensions: (1) type of outcome; (2) type of data; and (3) time. In assessing basic skills, general education, and attainment of the major, the focus is on…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Student Development, Individual Development, Colleges