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Pfeffer, Fabian – National Poverty Center, 2016
Prior research on trends in educational inequality has focused chiefly on changing gaps in educational attainment by family income or parental occupation. In contrast, this contribution provides the first assessment of trends in educational attainment by family wealth and suggests that we should be at least as much concerned about growing wealth…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Poverty, Socioeconomic Influences, Educational Attainment
Francis, Caroline M. – National Poverty Center, 2013
This bibliography summarizes recent research on the structure and effectiveness of workforce development programs. While the term "workforce development" can mean many things, this document focuses on programs to help low-skill, low-wage and displaced workers increase their employment and earnings, as well as labor market trends that…
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Labor Force Development, Low Income Groups, Labor Market
Martorell, Paco; McFarlin, Isaac, Jr.; Xue, Yu – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2013
About one-third of college students are required to take remedial courses to redress the lack of preparation for college-level coursework. Assignment to remediation is generally made on the basis of a placement test score, and in some states students are required to take a placement test prior to enrolling in college-level courses. In this type of…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Remedial Instruction, Scores, College Attendance
Fairlie, Robert W.; Robinson, Jonathan – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2013
Computers are an important part of modern education, yet large segments of the population--especially low-income and minority children--lack access to a computer at home. Does this impede educational achievement? We test this hypothesis by conducting the largest-ever field experiment involving the random provision of free computers for home use to…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Credits, Evidence, Outcomes of Education
Gould-Werth, Alix; Shaefer, H. Luke – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2012
Unemployment Insurance (UI) is the major social insurance program that protects against lost earnings resulting from involuntary unemployment. Existing literature finds that low-earning unemployed workers experience difficulty accessing UI benefits. The most prominent policy reform designed to increase rates of monetary eligibility, and thus UI…
Descriptors: Unemployment, Insurance, Income, Eligibility
Holzer, Harry J. – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2012
Stagnant earnings and growing inequality in the US labor market reflect both a slowdown in the growth of worker skills and the growing matching of good-paying jobs to skilled workers. Improving the ties between colleges, workforce institutions, and employers would help more workers gain the needed skills. Evaluation evidence shows that training…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Economic Climate, Skilled Workers, Educational Benefits
Holzer, Harry J. – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2011
How well do our education policies prepare America's youth for the labor market? What challenges limit our success, and what opportunities do we have for improvements? Can public policy play a greater role in encouraging more success? I consider these questions as they apply to the unique characteristics of metropolitan areas in the U.S. Most…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Labor, Municipalities, Metropolitan Areas
Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Holzer, Harry J. – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2010
Low high school graduation rates and sharply declining employment rates among disadvantaged youth have led to increasing numbers of youth who are disconnected from both school and work. What programs and policies might prevent these disconnections and improve educational and employment outcomes, particularly among young men? We review the evidence…
Descriptors: Graduation Rate, Educational Trends, Employment Patterns, Disadvantaged Youth
Brock, Thomas – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2010
Although "access" to higher education has increased substantially over the past forty years, student "success" in college--as measured by persistence and degree attainment--has not improved at all. Thomas Brock reviews systematic research findings on the effectiveness of various interventions designed to help at-risk students remain in college.…
Descriptors: Higher Education, At Risk Students, Remedial Programs, Nontraditional Students
Kalil, Ariel; Wightman, Patrick – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2010
Objectives: We aim to understand why blacks are significantly less likely than whites to perpetuate their middle class status across generations. To do so, we focus on the potentially different associations between parental job loss and youth's educational attainment in black and white middle class families. Methods: We use data from the Panel…
Descriptors: Family (Sociological Unit), African Americans, Whites, Comparative Analysis
Brock, Thomas – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2009
This paper reviews systematic research findings on the effectiveness of various interventions designed to help at-risk students remain in college. It shows how changes in federal policy and public attitudes since the mid-1960s have opened up higher education to women, minorities, and nontraditional students and also shifted the "center of gravity"…
Descriptors: Higher Education, At Risk Students, Barriers, Academic Persistence
Kalil, Ariel; Wightman, Patrick – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2009
Job loss remains a permanent feature of the American economy. Black and white children may experience parental job loss differently, even when they share the same class location. We address this question using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), following those children "born" into the survey between 1968 and 1979 and followed…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Middle Class, Demography, Family Income
Cawley, John; Spiess, C. Katharina – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2008
In developed countries, obesity tends to be associated with worse labor market outcomes. One possible reason is that obesity leads to less human capital formation early in life. This paper investigates the association between obesity and the developmental functioning of children at younger ages (2-4 years) than ever previously examined. Data from…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Child Health, Developed Nations, Child Care
Gennetian, Lisa A.; Lopoo, Leonard M.; London, Andrew S. – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2007
We examine how changes in maternal work hours affect adolescent children's school participation and performance outcomes using data from interviews in 1998 and 2001 with 1,700 women who in May 1995 were welfare-reliant, single mothers of adolescents living in disadvantaged neighborhoods in four urban counties. We find unfavorable effects of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Physical Health, Family Violence, Neighborhoods
Cutler, David M.; Lleras-Muney, Adriana – National Poverty Center, University of Michigan, 2007
A large and persistent association between education and health has been well-documented in many countries and time periods and for a wide variety of health measures. In their paper, "Education and Health: Evaluating Theories and Evidence," presented at the National Poverty Center conference "The Health Effects of Non-Health Policy," David M.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Outcomes of Education, Income, Family Influence
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