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Carlton, Mary Poulin – National Institute of Justice, 2017
Several high-profile incidents of violence at U.S. schools have, understandably, raised concerns about the safety of students while at school. Just one incident of violence causes significant harm. In light of this, it is important to examine commonly held beliefs about school safety and violence because they sometimes reflect a misperception or…
Descriptors: School Safety, Violence, Educational Environment, Crime
Carlton, Mary Poulin; Wyrick, Phelan; Frederique, Nadine; Lopez, Basia – National Institute of Justice, 2017
In almost every state, a state agency or organization is charged with playing a little known but important role in keeping schools safe. In some states, there are organizations whose entire responsibility is related to school safety. These are typically referred to as state school safety centers (SSSC). In other states, staff within state agencies…
Descriptors: School Safety, Geographic Location, Educational Administration, Role
National Institute of Justice, 2014
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) developed the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative in consultation with federal partners and Congress. It is a research-focused initiative designed to increase the safety of schools nationwide through the development of knowledge regarding the most effective and sustainable school safety interventions and…
Descriptors: School Safety, Research, Program Effectiveness, Intervention
National Institute of Justice, 2005
Schools are not the safe havens they once appeared to be; college women are at higher risk for sexual assault than their non­-college-­bound peers. Congress has enacted several laws requiring schools to disclose their security procedures, report crime data, and ensure victims' rights. In 1999, Congress asked the National…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Compliance (Legal), Federal Legislation, School Security
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Czeh, Ellen R.; Cantor, David; Crosse, Scott B.; Hantman, Irene – National Institute of Justice, 2004
Schools are expected to provide a safe environment and to play an active role in socializing children for participation in a civil society. Most schools have programs to prevent problem behavior and serious misconduct such as drug use and violence. But how good are these programs? A recent national study surveyed principals, teachers, program…
Descriptors: School Safety, Delinquency, Prevention, Behavior Problems
Steinberg, Laurence – National Institute of Justice Journal, 2000
This article is an adaptation of the authors statement to the U.S. House of Representatives Bipartisan Working Group on Youth Violence on September 15, 1999. Specifically, the Working Group asked Dr. Steinberg, an adolescent behavior researcher, to address issues concerning the role of parents and families in the genesis and prevention of youth…
Descriptors: Adolescent Behavior, Adolescents, Antisocial Behavior, Children
Teplin, Linda A. – National Institute of Justice Journal, 2000
In many urban centers, responding to mentally ill people has become a large part of the police peacekeeping function. This article highlights the police role in handling mentally ill persons. Law enforcement options are discussed, including both formal and informal options. It is noted that officers decisions to hospitalize, arrest, or deal with a…
Descriptors: Community Cooperation, Correctional Institutions, Law Enforcement, Mental Disorders
Widom, Cathy Spatz – National Institute of Justice Journal, 2000
Childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect have both immediate and long-term effects. Different types of abuse have a range of consequences for a childs later physical and psychological well-being, cognitive development, and behavior. This article discusses what is known about the long-term consequences of childhood victimization and the…
Descriptors: Behavior Development, Child Abuse, Child Neglect, Child Welfare
Weiner, Neil Alan – National Institute of Justice Journal, 1993
Discusses a study on how Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) approached intervening with criminal youth to halt or reduce their criminal activities before these activities become entrenched. This approach emphasizes quick case turnaround and harsh sanctions for youths who are serious habitual offenders. (GLR)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Change, Caseworker Approach, Change Strategies
Hebert, Eugene E. – National Institute of Justice Journal, 1993
Reports on the Children at Risk (CAR) program, a program aimed at diverting inner-city youth from involvement in drugs, gangs, and crime through an intensive program of activities. The article describes the CAR program in general and its specific application in Austin (Texas). (GLR)
Descriptors: Adolescents, At Risk Persons, Crime Prevention, Delinquency Prevention
MacKenzie, Doris Layton – National Institute of Justice Journal, 1993
Describes the boot-camp prison program, its goals, and its drug-treatment and drug-education activities, and its development and change. The article presents the results of a multisite study from eight states that examined the variations in the shock-incarceration concept and its effect. (GLR)
Descriptors: Adults, Attitude Change, Behavior Modification, Correctional Education
National Institute of Justice Journal, 1993
Presents results from the 1992 Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program that measures illicit drug use among persons arrested for criminal behavior. Adult use of specific drugs, male juvenile drug use, and the role of the DUF are explored. (GLR)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Cocaine, Comparative Analysis
Finn, Peter; Newlyn, Andrea K. – National Institute of Justice Journal, 1993
Describes the Diversion and Drug Treatment program, known as "Drug Court," in Miami (Florida) in which nonviolent drug offenders have prosecution of their cases deferred while they participate in a court-ordered drug-rehabilitation program. Those who successfully complete the program have their cases dismissed. Whereas typical recidivism…
Descriptors: Correctional Rehabilitation, Cost Effectiveness, Counseling, Crime Prevention