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Connors-Tadros, Lori; Grafwallner, Rolf; Sorge, Mandy – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
State early childhood administrators are planning to strategically invest the federal appropriations in the American Rescue Plan Act (ARP) to address disruptions in children's care and learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic. State leaders must consider how this one-time funding can be used effectively while understanding the context around…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Early Childhood Education, Educational Finance
Barnett, W. Steven; Jung, Kwanghee – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
Early learning experiences at home and in classrooms build the foundations for children's later success in school and life. The pandemic has upended home life and preschool programs, making it more challenging for both parents and communities to provide optimal learning experiences for young children. These changes are likely to have important…
Descriptors: Pandemics, Preschool Children, COVID-19, Learning Experience
National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
Two decades ago, the New Jersey Supreme Court in "Abbott v. Burke" mandated that the state establish high quality preschool education in the 31 highest-poverty school districts. New Jersey created a pre-K program with high standards and a continuous improvement system that transformed a patchwork of private and public programs into a…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Poverty, Access to Education, Educational Quality
Connors-Tadros, Lori; Northey, Kaitlin; Frede, Ellen; Hodges, Katherine; Jost, Tracy – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
In the United States, state-level agencies manage a variety of early care and education (ECE) programs serving children birth through age 5, including publicly funded preschool programs. A state office of early learning (SOEL) often oversees and manages select early childhood programs. SOELs typically have a significant role in such tasks as…
Descriptors: State Agencies, Early Childhood Education, Administrative Organization, Organizational Effectiveness
Friedman-Krauss, Allison H.; Barnett, W. Steven; Garver, Karin A.; Hodges, Katherine S.; Weisenfeld, G. G.; Gardiner, Beth Ann – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
The 18th edition of "The State of Preschool," the National Institute for Early Education Research's (NIEER) report on the annual survey of state preschool policies, includes information for every state on child enrollment, funding, staffing, and quality standards. It also includes information about where children are served, preschool…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, State Policy, COVID-19, Pandemics
Nores, Milagros; Harmeyer, Erin – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
In March 2020, most preschool programs physically closed at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. For state-funded preschool programs, guidance differed in terms of what programs were required to provide to students. While some states mandated the provision of remote learning, others did not, and still others opted to provide alternative types of…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Preschool Children, Preschool Education
Ackerman, Debra J. – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
Policymakers, child care providers, and parents face tradeoffs in determining how much to spend on child care, including how many hours to purchase, and the features of programs that might influence quality. Given these tradeoffs, it is useful to understand what constitutes quality, the cost of care features associated with quality, the effects of…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Care, At Risk Persons
Weisenfeld, G. G.; Frede, Ellen – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
Virtually all states use a variety of settings to operate center-based pre-K, often making extensive use of child care or Head Start classrooms in addition to public schools. About half of the pre-K programs in 24 states allowed Family Child Care homes (FCCs) to receive state pre-K dollars either directly from the state or through subcontracting.…
Descriptors: Child Care, Family Environment, Educational Finance, State Aid
Ryan, Sharon; Li, Zijia – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
Policymakers and leaders of pre-K systems have little empirical information to guide how they structure the range of technical assistance and support they provide to pre-kindergarten programs. This study sought to understand the work of a range of site support roles in New York City's (NYC) universal pre-kindergarten (pre-K) program. Employing…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Time Management, Role, Coordinators
Jung, Kwanghee; Barnett, W. Steven – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2021
To learn about the pandemic's impacts on young children's learning and development the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) developed a parent survey regarding children's home learning activities and preschool participation during the pandemic. This report presents key lessons from the spring 2021 preschool learning activities…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Parents, Preschool Children
Weisenfeld, G. G.; Connors-Tadros, Lori – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2020
One of the goals of pre-K programs funded by states is to support the learning and development of young children. Research finds that only high-quality programs can achieve positive, long-term outcomes in areas such as student achievement, educational attainment, personal and social behavior (e.g., reductions in crime), and adult health and…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Policy Formation, Labor Force Development, Preschool Teachers
Friedman-Krauss, Allison H.; Barnett, W. Steven; Garver, Karin A.; Hodges, Katherine S.; Weisenfeld, G. G.; Gardiner, Beth Ann – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2020
The 17th edition of "The State of Preschool," the National Institute for Early Education Research's (NIEER) report on their annual survey of state preschool policies, provides government policymakers valuable information for planning short- and long-term responses to the crisis. The report includes information for every state on child…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Preschool Children, Preschool Evaluation, Yearbooks
Garver, Karin – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2020
An all too common complaint in the early childhood field is that low salaries for preschool teachers and lack of pay parity with K-12 teachers in the public schools creates serious problems. These include low morale and difficulty recruiting and retaining strong preschool teachers. State policies can contribute to or resolve these problems in…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Teachers, Teacher Salaries, Salary Wage Differentials, Faculty Mobility
Connors-Tadros, Lori; Weisenfeld, G. G. – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2020
In order to expand high quality public preschool, a 3-step approach to ensuring adequate funding is needed. First, design a program to meet a state's goals and then determine the cost of that program. Second, designate how the resources to pay for that cost will be obtained. Third, specify how the funds will be distributed to local entities. The…
Descriptors: Resource Allocation, Educational Quality, Preschool Education, Program Design
Weisenfeld, G. G.; Hodges, Katherine; Garver, Karin – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2020
In most states kindergarten entry assessments (KEA) are employed primarily to inform parents and teachers. KEAs can serve as a key indicator of child development at formal school entry to inform education, but also could serve as a baseline for assessing progress in the early grades. However, their usefulness for this purpose is limited because…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Readiness, Screening Tests, Student Evaluation
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