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Mead, Julie F.; Eckes, Suzanne E. – National Education Policy Center, 2018
Recent reports on discrimination in private schools have led some observers to decry the fact that private and charter schools receiving public tax dollars selectively exclude some populations from both employment and enrollment; others, however, note that in these and similar instances the schools have broken no laws. Both may be right. How can…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Charter Schools, Educational Vouchers, Educational Finance
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Harwell, Michael – National Education Policy Center, 2018
Measures of socioeconomic status (SES) are widely used in educational research and policy applications, in large part due to overwhelming evidence linking SES to student achievement. SES is usually conceptualized as an unobservable factor--a construct--measured using variables such as parental education, occupation, income/wealth, and home…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement, Correlation, Research Methodology
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Miron, Gary; Shank, Christopher; Davidson, Caryn – National Education Policy Center, 2018
This sixth NEPC Annual Report on Virtual Education provides a detailed overview and inventory of full-time virtual schools and blended learning, or hybrid, schools. Full-time virtual schools deliver all curriculum and instruction via the Internet and electronic communication, usually asynchronously with students at home and teachers at a remote…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Blended Learning, Virtual Classrooms
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Close, Kevin; Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Collins, Clarin – National Education Policy Center, 2018
Federally mandated standardized testing (i.e., in core subject areas and certain grade levels), as an element of educational accountability, began in 2002 with the No Child Left Behind Act. With that step, large-scale assessments came to serve as one of the foundations of accountability-based systems and policies not only for districts, schools…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Teacher Evaluation, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
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Jimenez-Castellanos, Oscar; Mathis, William J.; Welner, Kevin G. – National Education Policy Center, 2018
Arguably the most strongly promoted approach by voucher advocates is a new form of government subsidy for private education, Education Savings Accounts (ESAs). Parents are provided a set sum which they can use for a variety of educational services including private school tuition and fees, online courses, extracurricular activities and private…
Descriptors: Money Management, Educational Finance, Educational Vouchers, Private Schools
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Peurach, Donald J.; Yurkofsky, Maxwell – National Education Policy Center, 2018
This policy brief examines new ways that US public school districts are organizing and managing instruction, ways that family and community organizations can engage those efforts, and ways that states can support them in doing so. In a complex education reform landscape, understanding the different ways districts are reforming instructional…
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Public Schools, School Districts, Educational Change
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Trevino, Ernesto; Mintrop, Rick; Villalobos, Cristobal; Ordenes, Miguel – National Education Policy Center, 2018
In contemporary education policy debates in the United States, school voucher programs and school privatization--the entry of many private for-profit corporations and nonprofit and other organizations into the education arena--are under the spotlight. Following in the footsteps of several prior administrations, the current federal administration…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Vouchers, Privatization, Politics of Education
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Molnar, Alex; Miron, Gary; Gulosino, Charisse; Shank, Christopher; Davidson, Caryn; Barbour, Michael; Huerta, Luis; Shafter, Sheryl Rankin; Rice, Jennifer King; Nitkin, David – National Education Policy Center, 2017
In the five years since the first National Education Policy Center (NEPC) "Annual Report on Virtual Education" was released in 2013, virtual education has continued to be a focal point for policymakers. Proponents argue that virtual education can expand student choices and improve the efficiency of public education. In particular,…
Descriptors: Virtual Classrooms, Blended Learning, Public Schools, Traditional Schools
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Sunderman, Gail L.; Coghlan, Erin; Mintrop, Rick – National Education Policy Center, 2017
This brief investigates whether closing schools and transferring students for the purpose of remedying low performance is an option educational decision makers should pursue. The logic of closing schools in response to low student performance goes like this: By closing low-performing schools and sending students to better-performing ones, student…
Descriptors: School Closing, Academic Achievement, School Effectiveness, Transfer Students
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Oakes, Jeannie; Maier, Anna; Daniel, Julia – National Education Policy Center, 2017
This brief examines the research on community schools, with two primary emphases. First, it explores whether the 2015 federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) opens the possibility of investing in well-designed community schools to meet the educational needs of low-achieving students in high-poverty schools. And second, it provides support to…
Descriptors: Community Schools, Educational Improvement, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Scott, Janelle; Moses, Michele S.; Finnigan, Kara S.; Trujillo, Tina; Jackson, Darrell D. – National Education Policy Center, 2017
Systemic violence and disparate school discipline policies hinder equitable, just, and safe schooling. They also restrict access to social opportunities and civil liberties. Research shows that schooling contexts and social policies set up the conditions for young people of color to experience violence in regularized, systematic, and destructive…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Race, Racial Factors, Social Influences
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Bruecker, Ellie – National Education Policy Center, 2017
In 2013, Wisconsin's legislature added a statewide voucher program to the existing voucher programs in Milwaukee and Racine. The state expanded the statewide program in 2015 and changed the funding mechanism of the program so that its cost was borne by local school districts. The program is already distributing tens of millions of dollars to pay…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Educational Finance, State Programs, School Choice
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Cochran-Smith, Marilyn; Burton, Stephani; Carney, Molly Cummings; Sánchez, Juan Gabriel; Miller, Andrew F. – National Education Policy Center, 2017
Bellwether Education Partners' report, "A New Agenda," calls for a "rational" and "rigorous" research agenda for teacher education. Although the report's rationale is not fully explicated, it asserts that programs are "blindly swinging from one popular reform to the next" and that decades of input- and…
Descriptors: Teacher Education Programs, Politics of Education, Social Influences, Educational Research
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Cordes, Sarah A. – National Education Policy Center, 2017
A common argument leveled against charter schools is that they attract the most motivated and intelligent students from already struggling public schools. Marcus Winters seeks to examine this claim, known as "cream-skimming," by comparing the performance of New York City's (NYC) charter middle schools with a set of traditional selective…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Public Schools, Urban Schools, School Effectiveness
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Huerta, Luis A.; Koutsavlis, Steven – National Education Policy Center, 2017
This report asserts that tax credit scholarship programs, that distribute scholarships to students via Scholarship Tuition Organizations (STOs), have saved state treasuries between $1.7 and $3.4 billion dollars since 1998. The report argues that these programs are able to realize fiscal savings as a result of students leaving public schools and…
Descriptors: Private Schools, School Choice, Tax Credits, Scholarships
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