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Shand, Robert; Levin, Henry M. – National Education Policy Center, 2021
School vouchers, a school choice policy that allows students and families to use public funds to fully or partially pay the cost of attending private schools, became a major area of policy debate once again during Betsy DeVos's tenure as United States Secretary of Education. Recent evaluations have found negative impacts of vouchers on academic…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Educational Finance, School Choice, Cost Effectiveness
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Belfield, Clive – National Education Policy Center, 2021
Even as the U.S. education system becomes more ethnically and racially diverse, many racial disparities persist with regard to school segregation, educational resources, and ultimately educational outcomes. These disparities harm students individually and have significant societal impacts as well, including economic consequences. Educational…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Economic Impact, Educational Discrimination, Elementary Secondary Education
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Cummings, Amy – National Education Policy Center, 2021
In recent decades, state policymakers across the country have turned to early literacy policies to address students' reading proficiency--particularly in third grade. Though states' policies vary widely in terms of the interventions and supports provided to educators and students, their intent is similar: to get students reading on grade level by…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, State Policy, Grade 3, Grade Repetition
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López, Ruth M. – National Education Policy Center, 2021
The focus of this brief is on the education of unaccompanied immigrant children arriving from Central America and Mexico, fleeing violence and poverty in their countries. Upon arrival, these children encounter a complicated immigration legal system, while having to navigate a new society within an anti-immigrant sociopolitical context. In recent…
Descriptors: Undocumented Immigrants, Immigration, Public Policy, Trauma
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Molnar, Alex, Ed. – National Education Policy Center, 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has pushed virtual schooling to the forefront of the national educational landscape. Long-time proponents of this technology quickly positioned digital programs and platforms as the obvious solution for schools that had to close buildings to avoid transmitting the virus. The pandemic exacerbated a trend that NEPC virtual…
Descriptors: Virtual Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Public Schools, State Legislation
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López, Francesca; Molnar, Alex; Johnson, Royel; Patterson, Ashley; Ward, LaWanda; Kumashiro, Kevin – National Education Policy Center, 2021
Attacks on Critical Race Theory (CRT) have been in the news for over a year. Rallies have been organized, school board meetings disrupted, executive orders issued, and legislation introduced to remove or exclude CRT from school curriculum. Since early 2021, eight states have passed legislation that, broadly speaking, seeks to ban historical…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Race, Politics of Education, Racial Bias
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Hodge, Emily; Dougherty, Shaun; Burris, Carol – National Education Policy Center, 2020
Despite the popularity of Career and Technical Education (CTE), concerns remain about the availability of resources for different CTE pathways, their relative status, and the degree to which adults working within schools are problematically sorting students explicitly or implicitly into different course-taking pathways. This brief examines the…
Descriptors: School Role, Career Exploration, Career Readiness, Track System (Education)
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Gregory, Anne; Evans, Katherine R. – National Education Policy Center, 2020
Schools are implementing Restorative Justice in Education (RJE) initiatives across the United States, often to reduce the use of out-of-school suspension, which is known to increase the risk for dropout and arrest. Many RJE initiatives also aim to strengthen social and emotional competencies, reduce gender and racial disparities in discipline, and…
Descriptors: Justice, Punishment, Educational Change, Equal Education
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Carnoy, Martin; Marachi, Roxana – National Education Policy Center, 2020
A major new financial phenomenon has appeared within the social services arena, with corresponding legislation poised to change how social services are delivered and who delivers them. While different programs use different terms--including, for example, Pay for Success (PFS) or Results-Based Financing (RBF)--the umbrella term encompassing all…
Descriptors: Social Services, Privatization, Financial Support, Investment
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Philip, Thomas M.; Brown, Anthony L. – National Education Policy Center, 2020
There is a near unanimity among researchers and practitioners about the need to recruit and retain more teachers of color. Diversification of the teaching ranks has clear benefits. This brief contends that the push for diversifying the teaching force must be scrutinized within the context of larger patterns and structures of racial injustice, and…
Descriptors: Minority Group Teachers, Teacher Recruitment, Teacher Persistence, Diversity (Faculty)
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White, Terrenda; Noble, Anna – National Education Policy Center, 2020
School districts around the country have launched new reform strategies that are designed to expand autonomy for public schools, often called "Innovation Schools." Pursuant to these state- and local-level plans to create more autonomous schools, school leaders are granted greater amounts of authority over school operations such as…
Descriptors: Public Schools, School Based Management, Educational Change, Equal Education
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Boninger, Faith; Molnar, Alex – National Education Policy Center, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has given the entire country a crash course in virtual education and digital education platforms. School leaders have been forced to consider a set of very imperfect options as they struggle to reopen their schools. This three-brief collection identifies key issues for school leaders to consider before adopting a digital…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, COVID-19, Pandemics
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Scott, Janelle; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; DeBray, Elizabeth; Frankenberg, Erica; McDermott, Kathryn – National Education Policy Center, 2020
The American voters have spoken, and the country will inaugurate a Biden-Harris Administration in January. In his first speech as President-Elect on November 7, 2020, Joe Biden said that, "the battle to achieve racial justice and root out systemic racism in this country" was a pillar of the Biden-Harris transition plan. This important…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Educational Policy, Public Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Kolbe, Tammy – National Education Policy Center, 2019
Today's challenges for special education funding are rooted in a complex regulatory and policy environment that reflects little forethought about who can and will pay special education costs. Despite the fact that states and school districts are legally required to ensure a free and appropriate public education to students with disabilities, the…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Financial Support, Special Education, Federal Aid
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Zuschlag, Dirk F.; Bowman, Kristine L. – National Education Policy Center, 2019
This research brief investigates state fiscal powers over districts, providing the necessary foundation for policymakers and researchers to understand how states might best address districts' financial conduct and difficulties going forward. The authors consider ways that the state statutes provide the bases and means for state intervention into…
Descriptors: State Government, Intervention, School Districts, Educational Finance
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