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Brookhart, Susan – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
The purpose of this Brief is to describe the use of formative assessment processes with students with disabilities during distance learning. Formative assessment is important for all kinds of learning, and especially focuses students on learning and evidence of learning. This Brief presents five strategies that can be used to support student…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Formative Evaluation, Distance Education, Students with Disabilities
Thurlow, Martha L.; Ghere, Gail; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Liu, Kristin K. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) is a framework for organizing and providing a tiered instructional continuum to support learning for all students. MTSS has the potential to meet the academic and behavioral needs of all students. However students with the most significant cognitive disabilities often are not included in this framework even…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Intellectual Disability, Severe Disabilities, Inclusion
Liu, Kristin; Lazarus, Sheryl; Thurlow, Martha; Stewart, Janet; Larson, Erik – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
Providing accommodations during assessments for students with disabilities has long been a standard requirement in federal education legislation. Providing assessment accommodations for English learners (ELs), on the other hand, is a newer requirement appearing only over the past few decades. As such, state assessment policies vary widely in terms…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Students with Disabilities, Testing Accommodations, Student Needs
Brookhart, Susan; Lazarus, Sheryl S. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
Distance learning, whether completely remote or in combination with classroom experiences, can pose challenges for teachers, students, and families. Pre-assessment to plan instruction can help guide the instructional planning process and improve the distance learning experience for students with disabilities, as well as for other students. This…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Distance Education, Student Evaluation, Educational Technology
Rogers, Christopher M.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Liu, Kristin K. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
The purpose of this report is to provide a synthesis of the research on K-12 testing accommodations. In this report, we summarize the research published in 2017. Previous reports by NCEO have covered research published since 1999. During 2017, 14 research studies were published on the topic of testing accommodations in the elementary and secondary…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Testing Accommodations, Students with Disabilities
Thurlow, Martha L.; Warren, Sandra H.; Chia, Magda – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
This report provides 10 lessons about how to ensure inclusive assessment practices for students with disabilities and English learners. In addition to the 10 lessons, it provides foundational information on the characteristics of these students that require consideration during all phases of assessment design, development, and implementation. The…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, English Language Learners, Inclusion, Student Evaluation
Liu, Kristin K.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Dosedel, Michael – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires 95% participation in state achievement testing. Students with the most significant cognitive disabilities participate in states' alternate assessments based on alternate academic achievement standards (AA-AAAS). A growing number of these students are also English learners (Christensen et al., 2018).…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Intellectual Disability, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Albus, Deb A.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Larson, Erik D.; Liu, Kristin K. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
Text-to-speech (TTS) refers to technology that reads aloud digital text (Understood, 2019). For years, TTS and its human counterpart--read aloud--have generated controversy about when and for whom these supports should be allowed on state assessments (Thurlow, Christensen, & Rogers, n.d.; Thurlow & Weiner, n.d.; Thurlow, Laitusis, Dillon,…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Assistive Technology, State Policy, Reading Tests
Strunk, Kathy; Thurlow, Martha L.; Arner, Justin – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
The 2015 reauthorization of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) placed a state-level 1.0% threshold on student participation in the alternate assessment based on alternate academic achievement standard (AA-AAAS). ESSA also stipulated that state education agencies (SEAs) may not impose on any local educational agency (LEA) a cap on the percentage…
Descriptors: Student Participation, Alternative Assessment, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards
Liu, Kristin K.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Jarmin, Jaime; Ward, Jenna; Christensen, Laurene – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2020
This report is an update of the assessment principles and guidelines for English language learners published in 2013 (Thurlow, Liu, Ward, & Christensen). That report, which was developed by the Improving the Validity of Assessment Results for English Language Learners with Disabilities (IVARED) project, presented essential principles of…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Students with Disabilities, Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods
Rogers, Christopher M.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Liu, Kristin K. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The purpose of this report is to present a synthesis of the research on test accommodations published in 2015 and 2016. We summarize the research to review current research trends and enhance understanding of the implications of accommodations use in the development of future policy directions, to highlight implementation of current and new…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Students with Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education
Liu, Kristin K.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Press, Anastasia M.; Dosedel, Michael J. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
As computerized speech-to-text (STT) technology has become more advanced over the past several years, more students with, and without, disabilities are using STT tools in the classroom and while taking assessments (Warren, Thurlow, Lazarus, & Strunk, 2018). Speech-to-text tools often are installed on school-provided computers or tablets and…
Descriptors: Assistive Technology, Computer Uses in Education, Students with Disabilities, Elementary School Students
Thurlow, Martha L.; Test, David W.; Rogers, Christopher M.; Klare, Matthew; Lazarus, Sheryl S. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The purpose of this report is to summarize the status of state-defined alternate diplomas in the 50 U.S. states three years after the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESSA) indicated that states could develop these diplomas and use them in accountability calculations. To count this diploma in a graduation measure for accountability, several…
Descriptors: High School Equivalency Programs, Students with Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Legislation
Evans, Carla; Domaleski, Chris – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The purpose of this brief is to examine disproportionality with respect to student group participation in Alternate Assessments aligned with Alternate Academic Achievement Standards (AA-AAAS). This paper is a companion to another National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) brief, "Guidance for Examining District Alternate Assessment…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Student Participation, Alternative Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
Thurlow, Martha L.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Albus, Deb A.; Larson, Erik D.; Liu, Kristin K. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
States continue to navigate the shift that came with the 1% threshold on participation in alternate assessments based on alternate academic achievement standards (AA-AAAS). This shift, following the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) in 2015, limited participation in the…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Alternative Assessment, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards
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