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Johnson, David R.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Qian, Xueqin; Anderson, Lindsay – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The present study was undertaken to update what is known about the status of graduation policies across the nation. It follows up on previous work, the last such study having been conducted in 2011 (Johnson, Thurlow, & Schuelka, 2012). Three research questions served as the focus of this national study of high school graduation requirements…
Descriptors: Graduation Requirements, Exit Examinations, Students with Disabilities, High School Students
Thurlow, Martha L.; Quenemoen, Rachel F. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The purpose of this brief is to summarize some of the past exclusionary practices that resulted from low expectations for students with disabilities, and how those were addressed in policies related to standards-based reform. The brief is based on a comprehensive paper that takes a cross disciplinary approach to examining expectations for students…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Inclusion, Educational Policy, Outcomes of Education
Thurlow, Martha L.; Nye-Lengerman, Kelly; Lazarus, Sheryl S. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
Ensuring that all students achieve successful post-school outcomes has been a goal of U.S. education policy for many years. Clear statements and policy priorities emerged in the late 2000s about a goal for all students to leave high school ready for success in postsecondary education or employment (often referred to as college and career…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Educational Legislation
Quenemoen, Rachel F.; Thurlow, Martha L. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
A chain of interconnected events has occurred over the past four decades that can transform the lives of students with disabilities and their families. These events include the national policy shift to standards-based reform, legislative action that is reflected in reauthorizations of federal educational laws and regulations, and sustained state…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Change
Rogers, Christopher M.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Liu, Kristin K. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The purpose of this report is to present a synthesis of the research on test accommodations published in 2015 and 2016. We summarize the research to review current research trends and enhance understanding of the implications of accommodations use in the development of future policy directions, to highlight implementation of current and new…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Students with Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education
Liu, Kristin K.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Press, Anastasia M.; Dosedel, Michael J. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
As computerized speech-to-text (STT) technology has become more advanced over the past several years, more students with, and without, disabilities are using STT tools in the classroom and while taking assessments (Warren, Thurlow, Lazarus, & Strunk, 2018). Speech-to-text tools often are installed on school-provided computers or tablets and…
Descriptors: Assistive Technology, Computer Uses in Education, Students with Disabilities, Elementary School Students
Thurlow, Martha L.; Test, David W.; Rogers, Christopher M.; Klare, Matthew; Lazarus, Sheryl S. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The purpose of this report is to summarize the status of state-defined alternate diplomas in the 50 U.S. states three years after the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESSA) indicated that states could develop these diplomas and use them in accountability calculations. To count this diploma in a graduation measure for accountability, several…
Descriptors: High School Equivalency Programs, Students with Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Legislation
Evans, Carla; Domaleski, Chris – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The purpose of this brief is to examine disproportionality with respect to student group participation in Alternate Assessments aligned with Alternate Academic Achievement Standards (AA-AAAS). This paper is a companion to another National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) brief, "Guidance for Examining District Alternate Assessment…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Student Participation, Alternative Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
Thurlow, Martha L.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Albus, Deb A.; Larson, Erik D.; Liu, Kristin K. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
States continue to navigate the shift that came with the 1% threshold on participation in alternate assessments based on alternate academic achievement standards (AA-AAAS). This shift, following the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) in 2015, limited participation in the…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Alternative Assessment, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards
Albus, Deb A.; Liu, Kristin K.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Lazarus, Sheryl S. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
This is the 20th report by the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) that describes how states publicly report assessment data for students with disabilities in K-12 schools in the United States. The purpose of this report is to examine the extent to which states reported 2016-17 assessment data for students with disabilities "to the…
Descriptors: Disclosure, Test Results, Students with Disabilities, English Language Learners
Burr, Elizabeth – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
Researchers, policymakers and educators are increasingly focused on the accurate identification, assessment, and referral of English learners (ELs) with disabilities, stemming in part from both the under- and over-identification of ELs for special education services, as compared to non-ELs identified for these services. Appropriate decision making…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Students with Disabilities, Graduation, State Standards
Larson, Erik D.; Goldstone, Linda; Liu, Kristi K.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Lazarus, Sheryl S. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
In 2015, the United States Department of Education awarded an Enhanced Assessment Initiative grant to the Data Informed Accessibility--Making Optimal Needs-based Decisions (DIAMOND) project to create professional development resources for educators who have to make decisions about accessibility features and accommodations. This study presents…
Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities)
Albus, Deb A.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Larson, Erik D.; Liu, Kristi K.; Lazarus, Sheryl S. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2019
The Data-Informed Accessibility--Making Optimal Needs-based Decisions (DIAMOND) project received funding in 2015 from an Enhanced Assessment Initiative grant to collect information that would inform the creation of professional development modules for educators making decisions within new accessibility frameworks. The DIAMOND project conducted…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Accessibility (for Disabled), Regular and Special Education Relationship, Testing Accommodations
Cortiella, Candace; Boundy, Kathleen B. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2018
Chronic absenteeism is a measure of how many students miss a defined number of school days for any reason--excused, unexcused, suspension. Many states define chronic absenteeism as the number and percentage of students missing 10 percent or more of their school days in a year. The purpose of this Brief is to provide information about chronic…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Attendance Patterns, Educational Legislation, Equal Education
Albus, Deb A.; Liu, Kristin K.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Thurlow, Martha L. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2018
Reporting assessment results to the public has been a part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) since the early 1990s, with the reauthorization of ESEA as the Improving America's Schools Act in 1994. In 1997, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) included this requirement to make sure that assessment participation…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Federal Legislation
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