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Elliott, Stephen N.; Kurz, Alexander; Tindal, Gerald; Stevens, Joseph; Yel, Nedim – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2014
We examined the relationship among key instructional process variables and the achievement of students with and without disabilities as measured by both interim and end-of-year summative assessments. Examination of the instructional process data indicated that students with and without disabilities receiving mathematics instruction in the same…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gap, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
Schulte, Ann C.; Stevens, Joseph J. – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2014
We contrasted portrayals of the achievement gap on the North Carolina state mathematics assessment for students with disabilities (SWD) using two different ways of identifying this group of students. The first method used students' disability status in third grade as the basis for identifying SWD, and then tracked the achievement gap between SWD…
Descriptors: Special Education, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gap, Mathematics Tests
Saven, Jessica L.; Farley, Dan; Tindal, Gerald – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
Longitudinally modeling the growth of students with significant cognitive disabilities (SWSCDs) on alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards (AA-AAS) presents many challenges for states. The number of students in Grades 3-8 who remain in a cohort group varies over time, depending on the methods used to construct the…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Academic Achievement, Intellectual Disability, Growth Models
Alonzo, Julie; Irvin, P. Shawn – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
Achievement growth in math is often framed in the context of monitoring student progress within a Response to Intervention (RTI) approach to teaching and learning. In this research brief we report on a study that examined initial status and within-year growth for fourth grade students who received short progress-monitoring assessments in math…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Mathematics Achievement, Progress Monitoring, Response to Intervention
Irvin, P. Shawn; Alonzo, Julie; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Tindal, Gerald – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
Much of the research on curriculum-based measurement (CBM) in reading has focused on oral reading fluency (ORF). However, ORF is only one of five critical reading skill areas in the wider construct of reading that includes foundational skills such as phonological awareness and phonics. In this research brief, we address the construct of readiness…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Reading Readiness, Kindergarten, Grade 1
Farley, Dan; Saven, Jessica L.; Tindal, Gerald – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
Alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards (AA-AAS) are designed to measure the academic achievement of students with the most significant cognitive disabilities (SWSCDs). AA-AAS present unique measurement challenges because of the inherent need for individualization in item presentation and response, combined with expectations…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Academic Standards, Intellectual Disability, Accountability
Tindal, Gerald; Nese, Joseph F. T. – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
For the past 20 years, the growth of students' oral reading fluency has been investigated by a number of researchers using curriculum-based measurement. These researchers have used varied methods (student samples, measurement procedures, and analytical techniques) and yet have converged on a relatively consistent finding: General education…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Achievement, Special Education
Patarapichayatham, Chalie; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Sáez, Leilani – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
The use of oral reading fluency (ORF) as a predominant measurement tool for identifying struggling readers has grown exponentially over the past 30 years. ORF growth using curriculum-based measures (CBM) has also become an important practical and empirical issue influencing the field. Although fluency scores have shown to be reliable predictors of…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Curriculum Based Assessment, Scores
Nese, Joseph F. T. – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
Curriculum-based measurement (CBM) is a system of assessment used to screen for students at risk for poor learning. CBM benchmark screening assessments are typically administered to all students in the fall, winter, and spring, and these data are frequently used by researchers to model and perhaps explain within-year growth. Modeling growth with…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Statistical Analysis, Growth Models, Structural Equation Models
Park, Bitnara Jasmine – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
Early identification of students who are at-risk for reading difficulties (RD) is critical for successful and effective RTI implementation. A large group of students were followed for three years (grades 2 to 4) to investigate transition patterns of risk-categories across three years. Results indicated that although students identified at…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4
Kurz, Alexander; Elliot, Stephen N. – National Center on Assessment and Accountability for Special Education, 2013
An underlying assumption in our current test-based accountability system is that all participating students have an opportunity to learn the tested academic content. For students with disabilities (SWDs), this assumption is stated clearly in federal legislation intended to ensure their access to the same academic standards that define the general…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Disabilities, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains