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Goldhaber, Dan; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
One of the unfortunate consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic is that the sharp downturn in tax revenues, in the absence of a federal bailout, likely foretells unprecedented cuts in state and local budgets. This will in turn mean large cuts in teaching positions across the country; indeed, some projections suggest that the number of teacher layoffs…
Descriptors: Crisis Management, Disease Incidence, Public Health, Job Layoff
Xu, Zeyu; Backes, Ben; Oliveira, Amanda; Goldhaber, Dan – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
This study adds to the currently limited evidence base on the efficacy of interventions targeting non-college-ready high school students by examining the impact of Kentucky's Targeted Interventions (TI) program. We focus on interventions that students received under TI in the senior year of high school based on their 11th grade ACT test scores.…
Descriptors: Intervention, High Schools, College Readiness, College Preparation
Koedel, Cory; Parsons, Eric – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
The Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) is a policy change to the federally-administered National School Lunch Program that allows schools serving low-income populations to classify all students as eligible for free meals, regardless of individual circumstances. This has implications for the use of free and reduced-price meal (FRM) data to proxy…
Descriptors: Eligibility, Low Income Students, Classification, Lunch Programs
Jackson, C. Kirabo; Porter, Shanette C.; Easton, John Q.; Blanchard, Alyssa; Kiguel, Sebastián – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
Using value-added models, we find that high schools impact students' self-reported socio-emotional development (SED) by enhancing social well-being and promoting hard work. Conditional on schools' test score impacts, schools that improve SED, reduce school-based arrests, and increase high-school completion, college-going, and college persistence.…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Crime, Educational Attainment
Goldhaber, Dan; Wolff, Malcolm; Daly, Timothy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
Testing students and using test information to hold schools and, in some cases, teachers accountable for student achievement has arguably been the primary national strategy for school improvement over the past decade and a half. Tests are also intended to be used as a diagnostic tool to identify individual student needs, so that students can be…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Evaluation, Testing, Scores
Krieg, John; Goldhaber, Dan; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
We use a novel database of student teaching placements in Washington State to investigate teachers' transitions from student teaching classrooms to first job classrooms and the implications for student achievement. We find that first-year teachers are more effective when they are teaching in the same grade, in the same school level, or in a…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Student Teaching, Beginning Teachers, Academic Achievement
Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Clifton, Calen R.; Turaeva, Mavzuna – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
Using detailed administrative data for public schools, we document racial and ethnic segregation at the classroom level in North Carolina, a state that has experienced a sharp increase in Hispanic enrollment. We decompose classroom-level segregation in counties into within-school and between-school components. We find that the within-school…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Racial Segregation, Classroom Environment, Middle School Students
Theobald, Roddy; Goldhaber, Dan; Naito, Natsumi; Stein, Marcy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
We use data on the teacher preparation experiences and workforce outcomes of more than 1,300 graduates of special education teacher education programs in Washington to provide a descriptive portrait of special education teacher preparation, workforce entry, and early career retention. We find high rates of workforce entry for special education…
Descriptors: Special Education Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Persistence, Employment Level
Fuchsman, Dillon; Sass, Tim R.; Zamarro, Gema – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
Teacher turnover has adverse consequences for student achievement and imposes large financial costs for schools. Some have argued that high-stakes testing may lower teachers' satisfaction with their jobs and could be a major contributor to teacher attrition. In this paper, we exploit changes in the tested grades and subjects in Georgia to study…
Descriptors: Testing, Faculty Mobility, Teacher Distribution, High Stakes Tests
Li, Diyi; Qian, Cheng; Koedel, Cory – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
We study the effects of exposure to non-resident students on the outcomes of undergraduate in-state students during a period of high non-resident enrollment growth at the University of Missouri-Columbia. Our models leverage within-major, cross-time variation in nonresident exposure for identification. We find no evidence that increased exposure to…
Descriptors: Out of State Students, Enrollment Rate, Outcomes of Education, In State Students
Özek, Umut – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
This study examines the effects of internal migration driven by severe natural disasters on host communities, and the mechanisms behind these effects, using the large influx of migrant students into Florida public schools in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria. I find significant adverse effects of the influx in the first year on existing student…
Descriptors: Natural Disasters, Weather, Climate, Migration
Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Wolf, Malcom; Martinkova, Patricia – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
There is growing interest in using measures of teacher applicant quality to improve hiring decisions, but the statistical properties of such measures are poorly understood. We present evidence on structured ratings solicited from teacher applicants' references. We find that the reference ratings capture only one underlying dimension of applicant…
Descriptors: Job Applicants, Teacher Selection, Interrater Reliability, Decision Making
Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Holden, Kristian – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
Defined benefit (DB) pension systems determine the size of pension payments using an employee's "final average salary". Thus, employees enrolled in DB pension systems face an incentive to "salary spike" -- strategically increase late career pensionable compensation -- to increase their retirement income. This is an important…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Teacher Retirement, Teacher Salaries, Incidence
Goldhaber, Dan; Ronfeldt, Matt; Cowan, James; Gratz, Trevor; Bardelli, Emanuele; Truwit, Matt; Mullman, Hannah – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
The clinical teaching experience is one of the most important components of teacher preparation. Prior observational research has found that more effective mentors and schools with better professional climates are associated with better preparation for teacher candidates. We test these findings using an experimental assignment of teacher…
Descriptors: Student Teaching, Cooperating Teachers, Teaching Conditions, Teacher Effectiveness
Ni, Shawn; Podgursky, Michael; Wang, Xiqian – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2020
Many states enhanced benefits in teacher retirement plans during the 1990s. This paper examines the school staffing effects of one such enhancement in a major urban school district with mostly high poverty schools. Pension rule changes in 1999 for St. Louis public school teachers resulted in very large increases in pension wealth for active…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, Teacher Retirement, Retirement Benefits
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