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Karbownik, Krzysztof; Özek, Umut – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
We identify externalities in human capital production function arising from sibling spillovers. Using regression discontinuity design generated by school-entry cutoffs and school records from one district in Florida, we find positive spillover effects from an older to a younger child in less affluent families and negative spillover effects from a…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Siblings, School Districts, Socioeconomic Status
Bueno, Carycruz; Sass, Tim R. – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
Traditionally, teacher salaries have been determined solely by experience and educational attainment. This has led to chronic shortages of teachers in particular subject areas, such as math, science and special education. We study the first long-running statewide program to differentiate teacher pay based on subject area, Georgia's bonus system…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Teacher Recruitment, Teacher Persistence, Teacher Shortage
Bruno, Paul; Rabovsky, Sarah; Strunk, Katharine – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
Novice teachers' professional contexts may have important implications for their effectiveness, development, and retention. However, descriptions of these contexts suffer from data limitations, resulting in unidimensional or vague characterizations. Using 10 years of administrative data from the Los Angeles Unified School District, we describe…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Teacher Distribution, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Load
Austin, Wes; Chen, Bingjie; Goldhaber, Dan; Hanushek, Eric; Holden, Kris; Koedel, Cory; Ladd, Helen; Luo, Jin; Parsons, Eric; Phelan, Gregory; Rivkin, Steven; Sass, Tim; Turaeva, Mavzuna – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
An increasing emphasis on principals as key to school improvement has contributed to efforts to elevate principal effectiveness that have taken various forms across the US. The primacy of the state as the focal point of educational reform elevates the value of understanding commonalities and differences among states in characteristics of…
Descriptors: Elementary Schools, Middle Schools, Principals, Value Added Models
Koedel, Cory; Parsons, Eric – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
Free and reduced-price meal (FRM) data are used ubiquitously to proxy for student disadvantage in education research and policy applications. The Community Eligibility Provision (CEP)--a recently-implemented policy change to the federally-administered National School Lunch Program--allows schools serving low-income populations to identify all…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Economically Disadvantaged, Eligibility, Lunch Programs
Holzer, Harry J.; Xu, Zeyu – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
In this paper we estimate the impacts of the "pathways" chosen by community college students--in terms of desired credentials and fields of study, as well as other choices and outcomes along the paths--on the attainment of credentials with labor market value. We focus on the extent to which there are recorded changes in students' choices…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Disadvantaged Youth, Access to Education, Two Year College Students
Goldhaber, Dan; Krieg, John; Naito, Natsumi; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
Prior research has shown that about 15% of teachers are hired into the same school in which they student taught, about 40% are hired into their student teaching district, and the location of teachers' student teaching placements is more predictive of where they are hired than where they went to high school or college. While this suggests that…
Descriptors: Student Teaching, Teacher Shortage, Student Teachers, Student Placement
Dossi, Gaia; Figlio, David; Giuliano, Paola; Sapienza, Paola – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
We study the effect of preferences for boys on the performance in mathematics of girls, using evidence from two different data sources. In our first set of results, we identify families with a preference for boys by using fertility stopping rules in a large population of households whose children attend public schools in Florida. Girls growing up…
Descriptors: Males, Females, Mathematics Achievement, Preferences
Goldhaber, Dan; Holden, Kristian; Chen, Bingjie – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
Principals are widely seen as a key influence on the educational environment of schools, and nearly all principals have experience as teachers. Yet there is no evidence on whether we can predict the effectiveness of principals (as measured by their value added) based on their value added as teachers, an issue we explore using administrative data…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Administrator Effectiveness, Principals, Teacher Promotion
Cowan, James; Goldhaber, Dan; Holzer, Harry; Naito, Natsumi; Xu, Zeyu – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
We describe the postsecondary transitions of students taking CTE courses in high school using administrative data on one cohort of high school graduates in Washington State. Conditional on observable characteristics, CTE concentrators--high school graduates who complete at least four CTE credits--are about 4 percentage points less likely to enroll…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, High School Students, High School Graduates, College Attendance
Theobald, Roddy; Plasman, Jay; Gottfried, Michael; Gratz, Trevor; Holden, Kristian; Goldhaber, Dan – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
We leverage nationally representative data and statewide data from Washington to investigate trends in occupational career and technical education (CTE) participation for students with and without disabilities. Consistent with prior work, we document declines in occupational CTE participation since the early 2000s, and provide the first empirical…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Vocational Education, Educational Trends, STEM Education
Chen, Bingjie; Cowan, James; Goldhaber, Dan; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2019
We evaluate the predictive validity of the Massachusetts Candidate Assessment of Performance (CAP), a practice-based assessment of teaching skills that is typically taken during a candidate's student teaching placement and is a requirement for teacher preparation program completion in Massachusetts. We find that candidates' performance on the CAP…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Teaching Skills, Student Teaching, Student Placement
Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Harmon, Kim; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Purpose: A burgeoning literature investigates the importance of student teaching placements for teacher candidate development, but an important perspective that is largely missing from the existing literature is that of the school districts that host student teachers. In this paper, we describe the student teaching process from the perspective of…
Descriptors: Student Teaching, Student Teachers, School Districts, Public Schools
Dhuey, Elizabeth; Figlio, David; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Roth, Jeffrey – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We present evidence of a positive relationship between school starting age and children's cognitive development from age 6 to 18 using a fuzzy regression discontinuity design and large-scale population-level birth and school data from the state of Florida. We estimate effects of being old for grade (being born in September versus August) that are…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Cognitive Development, Educational Attainment, Grade Repetition
Figlio, David N.; Freese, Jeremy; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Roth, Jeffrey – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Accurate understanding of environmental moderation of genetic influences is vital to advancing the science of cognitive development as well as for designing interventions. One widely-reported idea is increasing genetic influence on cognition for children raised in higher socioeconomic status families, including recent proposals that the pattern is…
Descriptors: Genetics, Cognitive Development, Child Development, Socioeconomic Influences
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