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Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Harmon, Kim; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Purpose: A burgeoning literature investigates the importance of student teaching placements for teacher candidate development, but an important perspective that is largely missing from the existing literature is that of the school districts that host student teachers. In this paper, we describe the student teaching process from the perspective of…
Descriptors: Student Teaching, Student Teachers, School Districts, Public Schools
Dhuey, Elizabeth; Figlio, David; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Roth, Jeffrey – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We present evidence of a positive relationship between school starting age and children's cognitive development from age 6 to 18 using a fuzzy regression discontinuity design and large-scale population-level birth and school data from the state of Florida. We estimate effects of being old for grade (being born in September versus August) that are…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Cognitive Development, Educational Attainment, Grade Repetition
Figlio, David N.; Freese, Jeremy; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Roth, Jeffrey – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Accurate understanding of environmental moderation of genetic influences is vital to advancing the science of cognitive development as well as for designing interventions. One widely-reported idea is increasing genetic influence on cognition for children raised in higher socioeconomic status families, including recent proposals that the pattern is…
Descriptors: Genetics, Cognitive Development, Child Development, Socioeconomic Influences
Figlio, David; Holden, Kristian L.; Ozek, Umut – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Instructional time is a fundamental educational input, yet we have little causal evidence about the effect of longer school days on student achievement. This paper uses a sharp regression discontinuity design to estimate the effects of lengthening the school day for low-performing schools in Florida by exploiting an administrative cutoff for…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Low Achievement, Eligibility, Literacy Education
Cowan, James; Goldhaber, Dan – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We study a teacher incentive policy in Washington State that awards a financial bonus to National Board certified teachers in high poverty schools. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find that the bonus policy increased the proportion of certified teachers in bonus-eligible schools by improving hiring, increasing certification rates of…
Descriptors: Merit Pay, Rewards, Poverty, National Standards
Theobald, Roddy; Goldhaber, Dan; Gratz, Trevor; Holden, Kristian – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We use longitudinal data on high school students in Washington State to assess the relationships between English Language Arts (ELA) teacher value added and other qualifications and the high school and postsecondary outcomes of their students. We also investigate whether these relationships differ for students with and without disabilities. We…
Descriptors: High Schools, Secondary School Teachers, High School Students, English Teachers
Goldhaber, Dan; Krieg, John; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We exploit within-teacher variation in the years that teachers host an apprentice ("student teacher") in Washington State to estimate the causal effect of these apprenticeships on student achievement, both during the apprenticeship and afterwards. The average causal effect of hosting a student teacher on student performance in the year…
Descriptors: Student Teachers, Student Teaching, Apprenticeships, Academic Achievement
Strunk, Katharine O.; Cowen, Joshua; Goldhaber, Dan; Marianno, Bradley D.; Kilbride, Tara; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
In many school districts the policies that regulate personnel are governed by collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) negotiated between teachers' unions and school boards. While there is significant policy attention and, in some cases, legislative action that has affected the scope of these agreements, there is relatively little research that…
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, State Legislation, School Districts, Institutional Characteristics
Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F.; Turaeva, Mavzuna – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We document patterns and trends in school segregation in North Carolina between 1998 and 2016, a period of rapid immigration in this racially diverse state. As in other states of the South, the period of court orders enforcing racial balance has given way not only to tacit acceptance of residentially based school segregation but also to policies…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Immigration, Immigrants, School Choice
Sorensen, Lucy C.; Ladd, Helen F. – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
High teacher turnover imposes numerous costs on the schools and districts from which teachers depart. This study asks how schools respond to spells of high teacher turnover, and assesses organizational and human capital losses in terms of the changing composition of the teacher pool. Our analysis uses more than two decades of linked administrative…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, Middle School Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Teachers
Krieg, John; Goldhaber, Dan; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We use comprehensive data on student teaching placements from 14 teacher education programs (TEPs) in Washington State to explore the sorting of teacher candidates to the teachers who supervise their student teaching ("cooperating teachers") and the schools in which student teaching occurs. We find that, all else equal, teachers with…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Apprenticeships, Student Placement, Student Teaching
Ladd, Helen F.; Clotfelter, Charles T.; Turaeva, Mavzuna – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
This paper examines what parents value as they make choices among available charter schools, with primary attention to the racial mix of a school's students. We estimate conditional logit models of the charter school choices made by all parents in North Carolina who switched their child from a traditional public school to a charter school in…
Descriptors: School Choice, Charter Schools, Parent Attitudes, Preferences
Goldhaber, Dan; Quince, Vanessa; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We use longitudinal data from North Carolina and Washington to study the extent to which four processes--teacher attrition from each state workforce, teacher mobility within districts, teacher mobility across districts, and teacher hiring--contribute to "teacher quality gaps" (TQGs) between advantaged and disadvantaged schools. We first…
Descriptors: Teacher Persistence, Labor Turnover, Faculty Mobility, Teacher Selection
Darolia, Rajeev; Koedel, Cory – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
We use statewide administrative data from Missouri to examine the explanatory power of high schools over student sorting to colleges and majors at 4-year public universities. We develop a "preparation and persistence index" (PPI) for each university-by-major cell in the Missouri system that captures dimensions of selectivity and rigor…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), High School Students, College Choice, Predictor Variables
Backes, Ben; Hansen, Michael – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Public Impact's "Opportunity Culture" (OC) initiative provides a suite of models aimed at extending the reach of highly effective teachers and has partnered with school districts to implement these interventions in schools. Using administrative data from three partner school districts that collectively include 44 OC schools, we estimate…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Program Implementation, Teacher Effectiveness, School Districts
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