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Agostinelli, Francesco; Saharkhiz, Morteza; Wiswall, Matthew J. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
We develop a unified empirical framework for child development which nests the key features of two previously parallel research programs, the Child Development literature and the Education Production Function literature. Our framework allows for mis-measured cognitive and non-cognitive skills, classroom effects, parental influences, and…
Descriptors: Child Development, Kindergarten, Classroom Environment, Educational Quality
Rees-Jones, Alex; Shorrer, Ran; Tergiman, Chloe J. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
A growing body of evidence suggests that decision-makers fail to account for correlation in signals that they receive. We study the relevance of this mistake in students' interactions with school-choice matching mechanisms. In a lab experiment presenting simple and incentivized school-choice scenarios, we find that subjects tend to follow optimal…
Descriptors: Correlation, School Choice, Admission (School), Students
Hu, Qing; Levine, Ross; Lin, Chen; Tai, Mingzhu – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
What is the impact of regulatory reforms that enhance credit market efficiency on children's human capital? Using a parent-child panel dataset, we find that such reforms reduced children's academic performance in low-income families. Consistent with the view that financial development entices low-income parents to substitute out of childrearing…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Finance Reform, Low Income Groups, Low Income Students
Li, Cher Hsuehhsiang; Zafar, Basit – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Using administrative data from a large 4-year public university, we show that male students are 18.6 percent more likely than female students to receive favorable grade changes initiated by instructors. These gender differences cannot be explained by observable characteristics of the students, instructors, and the classes. To understand the…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, College Students, Grades (Scholastic), Incidence
Levine, Phillip B.; McKnight, Robin – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
This paper examines student exposure to school shootings in the United States since the 1999 shooting at Columbine High School. We analyze shootings that occurred during school hours on a school day and resulted in a death. These shootings are likely to be uniformly reported and have a greater potential to cause harm -- either directly or…
Descriptors: Violence, Weapons, Educational Environment, Death
Figlio, David N.; Hart, Cassandra M. D.; Karbownik, Krzysztof – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Using a rich dataset that merges student-level school records with birth records, and a student fixed effect design, we explore how the massive scale-up of a Florida private school choice program affected public school students' outcomes. Expansion of the program produced modestly larger benefits for students attending public schools that had a…
Descriptors: School Choice, Private Schools, Public Schools, Program Effectiveness
Cowan, Benjamin W.; Tefft, Nathan – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
We investigate the relationship between college openings, college attainment, and health behaviors and outcomes later in life. Though a large prior literature attempts to isolate the causal effect of education on health via instrumental variables (IV), most studies use instruments that affect schooling behavior in childhood or adolescence, i.e.…
Descriptors: College Attendance, Access to Education, Health Behavior, Adults
Jackson, C. Kirabo; Porter, Shanette C.; Easton, John Q.; Blanchard, Alyssa; Kiguel, Sebastián – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Using value-added models, we find that high schools impact students' self-reported socioemotional development (SED) by enhancing social well-being and promoting hard work. Conditional on schools' test score impacts, schools that improve SED reduce school-based arrests, and increase high-school completion, college-going, and college persistence.…
Descriptors: High School Students, Social Development, Emotional Development, School Role
Patnaik, Arpita; Venator, Joanna; Wiswall, Matthew; Zafar, Basit – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
In this paper, we estimate a rich model of college major choice using a panel of experimentally-derived data. Our estimation strategy combines two types of data: data on self-reported beliefs about future earnings from potential human capital decisions and survey-based measures of risk and time preferences. We show how to use these data to…
Descriptors: College Students, Majors (Students), Decision Making, Risk
Bettinger, Eric; Fairlie, Robert W.; Kapuza, Anastasia; Kardanova, Elena; Loyalka, Prashant; Zakharov, Andrey – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Experimental studies rarely consider the shape and nature of the education production function, which is useful for deriving optimal levels of input substitution in increasingly resource constrained environments. Because of the rapid expansion of EdTech as a substitute for traditional learning around the world and against the backdrop of…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Conventional Instruction, Teaching Methods
Levine, Phillip B.; Ma, Jennifer; Russell, Lauren C. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Do students respond to sticker prices or actual prices when applying to college? These costs differ for students eligible for financial aid. Students who do not understand this may not apply to some colleges because of the perceived high cost. We test for this form of "sticker shock" using College Board data on SAT scores sends, as a…
Descriptors: College Applicants, Costs, Student Financial Aid, Educational Finance
Ma, Yue; Fairlie, Robert W.; Loyalka, Prashant; Rozelle, Scott – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
EdTech which includes online education, computer assisted learning (CAL), and remote instruction was expanding rapidly even before the current full-scale substitution for in-person learning at all levels of education around the world because of the coronavirus pandemic. Studies of CAL interventions have consistently found large positive effects,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Program Effectiveness
Black, Sandra E.; Denning, Jeffrey T.; Rothstein, Jesse – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Selective college admissions are fundamentally a question of tradeoffs: Given capacity, admitting one student means rejecting another. Research to date has generally estimated average effects of college selectivity, and has been unable to distinguish between the effects on students gaining access and on those losing access under alternative…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Selective Admission, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship
Fu, Chao; Grau, Nicolás; Rivera, Jorge – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
We build and estimate a dynamic model of teenagers' choices of schooling and crime, incorporating four factors that may contribute to the different routes taken by different teenagers: heterogeneous endowments, unequal opportunities, uncertainties about one's own ability, and contemporaneous shocks. We estimate the model using administrative panel…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Decision Making, Crime, Delinquency
Mansour, Hani; Rees, Daniel I.; Rintala, Bryson M.; Wozny, Nathan N. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Although women earn approximately 50 percent of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) bachelor's degrees, more than 70 percent of scientists and engineers are men. We explore a potential determinant of this STEM gender gap using newly collected data on the career trajectories of United States Air Force Academy students. Specifically, we…
Descriptors: College Faculty, College Students, Females, Outcomes of Education
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