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Biasi, Barbara – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
Compensation of most US public school teachers is rigid and solely based on seniority. This paper studies the labor market effects of a reform that gave school districts in Wisconsin full autonomy to redesign teacher pay schemes. Following the reform, some districts switched to flexible compensation and started paying high-quality teachers more.…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Public School Teachers, Teacher Salaries, Compensation (Remuneration)
Hoxby, Caroline M.; Turner, Sarah – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
In identifying whether universities provide opportunities for low-income students, there is a measurement challenge: different institutions face students with different incomes and preparation. We show how a hypothetical university's "relevant pool"--the students from whom it could plausibly draw--affects popular measures: the Pell…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Low Income Students, Disproportionate Representation, Institutional Characteristics
Heissel, Jennifer; Persico, Claudia; Simon, David – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
We examine the effect of school traffic pollution on student outcomes by leveraging variation in wind patterns for schools the same distance from major highways. We compare within-student achievement for students transitioning between schools near highways, where one school has had greater levels of pollution because it is downwind of a highway.…
Descriptors: Pollution, Motor Vehicles, Weather, Geographic Location
Papageorge, Nicholas W.; Ronda, Victor; Zheng, Yu – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
Prevailing research argues that childhood misbehavior in the classroom is bad for schooling and, presumably, bad for labor market outcomes. In contrast, we argue that some childhood misbehavior represents underlying socio-emotional skills that are valuable in the labor market. We follow work from psychology and categorize observed classroom…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Labor Market, Child Behavior, Educational Attainment
Dossi, Gaia; Figlio, David N.; Giuliano, Paola; Sapienza, Paola – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
We study the correlation between parental gender attitudes and the performance in mathematics of girls using two different approaches and data. First, we identify families with a preference for boys by using fertility stopping rules in a population of households whose children attend public schools in Florida. Girls growing up in a boy-biased…
Descriptors: Correlation, Parent Attitudes, Gender Differences, Mathematics Achievement
Biasi, Barbara – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
This paper estimates the causal effect of equalizing revenues across public school districts on students' intergenerational mobility, using variation from 13 school finance reforms passed in 20 US states between 1986 and 2004. Since households sort in response to each reform, post-reform revenues are endogenous to an extent that varies across…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Equalization Aid, Social Mobility, Public Schools
Boustan, Leah Platt; Langan, Andrew – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
We document wide and persistent variation in women's representation and success across graduate programs in economics. Using new data on early career outcomes for recent graduates, including first job placement, publications and promotion, we compare (anonymized) departments on outcomes for women relative to men graduating from the same program.…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Females, Academic Achievement, Economics Education
Hanushek, Eric A. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
The evaluation of educational programs has accelerated dramatically in the past quarter century. While such evaluations were once almost exclusively conducted in the U.S., they have broadened dramatically across many countries of the world. At the same time, the methodology has improved, strengthening considerably the internal validity of various…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Generalizability Theory, Global Approach, Outcomes of Education
Gong, Yifan; Stinebrickner, Ralph; Stinebrickner, Todd R. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
We use unique data from the Berea Panel Study to characterize how much earnings uncertainty is present for students at college entrance and how quickly this uncertainty is resolved. We characterize uncertainty using survey questions that elicit the entire distribution describing one's beliefs about future earnings. Taking advantage of the…
Descriptors: Income, College Students, Student Attitudes, Futures (of Society)
Figlio, David N.; Özek, Umut – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
In this study, we use microdata from 12 Florida county-level school districts and a regression discontinuity design to examine the effects of early grade retention on the short-, medium-, and long-term outcomes of English learners. We find that retention in the third-grade substantially improves the English skills of these students, reducing the…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, English Language Learners, Human Capital, English (Second Language)
Banerjee, Abhijit; Breza, Emily; Chandrasekhar, Arun G.; Mobius, Markus – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
The DeGroot model has emerged as a credible alternative to the standard Bayesian model for studying learning on networks, offering a natural way to model naive learning in a complex setting. One unattractive aspect of this model is the assumption that the process starts with every node in the network having a signal. We study a natural extension…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Bayesian Statistics, Incidental Learning, Networks
Billings, Stephen B.; Hoekstra, Mark – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
This paper examines how elementary-aged peers affect cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes from adolescence to adulthood. We identify effects by exploiting within-school and within-neighborhood variation in the proportion of peers with an arrested parent. Results indicate exposure to these peers reduces achievement and increases antisocial behavior…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Crime, Antisocial Behavior
Lavecchia, Adam M.; Oreopoulos, Philip; Brown, Robert S. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
We estimate long-run impacts to the Pathways to Education program, a comprehensive set of coaching, tutoring, group activities and financial incentives offered to disadvantaged students beginning in Grade 9. High school administrative records are matched to income tax records to follow individuals up to the age of 28, even when they leave the…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Coaching (Performance), Tutoring, Group Activities
Beg, Sabrin A.; Lucas, Adrienne M.; Halim, Waqas; Saif, Umar – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
Using an RCT in middle schools in Pakistan, we test the effect of a government-implemented in-class technology and brief teacher training intervention on student achievement in grade level mathematics and science. After only 4 months of exposure, student achievement increased by 0.2-0.3 standard deviations on math and science tests, 52 to 120…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement
Austin, Wes; Heutel, Garth; Kreisman, Daniel – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
Diesel emissions from school buses expose children to high levels of air pollution; retrofitting bus engines can substantially reduce this exposure. Using variation from 2,656 retrofits across Georgia, we estimate effects of emissions reductions on district-level health and academic achievement. We demonstrate positive effects on respiratory…
Descriptors: School Buses, Pollution, Health, Academic Achievement
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