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Been, Vicki; Ellen, Ingrid; Figlio, David N.; Nelson, Ashlyn; Ross, Stephen; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
This study examines the effects of negative equity on children's academic performance, using data on children attending Florida public schools and housing transactions from the State of Florida. Our empirical strategy exploits variation over time in the timing of family moves to Florida in order to account for household sorting into neighborhoods…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Academic Achievement, Public Schools, Housing
Jia, Ruixue; Li, Hongbin – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
A burgeoning literature has documented the importance of elite colleges. Yet, little is known about access to elite education and its labor market implications in China, a country that produces one in every five college graduates in the world. College admission in China is governed by a single exam--the national college entrance exam, and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Colleges, Selective Admission, College Admission
Biasi, Barbara; Deming, David J.; Moser, Petra – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
This chapter summarizes existing evidence on the link between education and innovation and presents open questions for future research. After a brief review of theoretical frameworks on the link between education, innovation, and economic growth, we explore three alternative policies to encourage innovation through education: expanding access to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Education, Innovation, Economic Impact
Bravata, Dena; Cantor, Jonathan H.; Sood, Neeraj; Whaley, Christopher M. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
Schools across the United States and the world have been closed in an effort to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. However, the effect of school closure on COVID-19 transmission remains unclear. We estimate the causal effect of changes in the number of weekly visits to schools on COVID-19 transmission using a triple difference approach. In…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Disease Control
Guryan, Jonathan; Ludwig, Jens; Bhatt, Monica P.; Cook, Philip J.; Davis, Jonathan M. V.; Dodge, Kenneth; Farkas, George; Fryer, Roland G., Jr.; Mayer, Susan; Pollack, Harold; Steinberg, Laurence – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
There is growing concern that it is too difficult or costly to substantially improve the academic skills of children who are behind in school once they reach adolescence. But perhaps what we have tried in the past relies on the wrong interventions, failing to account for challenges like the increased variability in academic needs during…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Tutoring
Kirkebøen, Lars; Leuven, Edwin; Mogstad, Magne – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
Recent descriptive work suggests the type of college education (field or institution) is an important but neglected pathway through which individuals sort into homogeneous marriages. These descriptive studies raise the question of why college graduates are so likely to marry someone within their own institution or field of study. One possible…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Attraction, Marriage, College Programs, School Choice
Cellini, Stephanie Riegg; Grueso, Hernando – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
We draw on administrative data from the country of Colombia to assess differences in student learning in online and traditional on-campus college programs. The Colombian context is uniquely suited to study this topic, as students take a compulsory exit examination at the end of their studies. We can therefore directly compare performance on the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Online Courses, Educational Technology, Conventional Instruction
Fan, Kristy; Fisher, Tyler J.; Samwick, Andrew A. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
Financial aid programs enable students from families with fewer financial resources to pay less to attend college than other students from families with greater financial resources. When income is uncertain, a means-tested financial aid formula that requires more of an Expected Family Contribution (EFC) when income and assets are high and less of…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Insurance, Parent Financial Contribution, Student Costs
Cohodes, Sarah R.; Parham, Katharine S. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
This paper reviews the research on the impacts of charter school attendance on students' academic and other outcomes, the mechanisms behind those effects, and the influence of charter schools on nearby traditional public schools, almost three decades after the first charter school was established. Across the United States, charter schools appear…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, School Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
Isunget, Martin A.; Conley, Dalton; Zachrisson, Henrik D.; Ystrøm, Eivind; Havdahl, Alexandra; Njølstad, Pål R.; Lyngstad, Torkild – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
Research into the intergenerational transmission of educational advantage has long been criticized for not paying sufficient attention to genetics. This study is based on the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) and administrative register data on 25000 genotyped Norwegian children and their parents. We assess and disentangle the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Social Influences, Genetics
Berlinski, Samuel; Busso, Matias; Dinkelman, Taryn; Martínez A., Claudia – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
Grade retention and early dropout are two of the biggest challenges facing education systems in middle-income countries today, representing waste in school resources. We investigate whether reducing parent-school information gaps can improve outcomes that are early-warning signals for grade retention and dropout. We conducted an experiment in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent School Relationship, Information Dissemination, Computer Mediated Communication
Aucejo, Esteban M.; French, Jacob F.; Zafar, Basit – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
The college experience involves much more than credit hours and degrees. Students likely derive utility from in-person instruction and on-campus social activities. Quantitative measures of the value of these individual components have been hard to come by. Leveraging the COVID-19 shock, we elicit students' intended likelihood of enrolling in…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Experience, COVID-19, Pandemics
Goldhaber, Dan; Imberman, Scott A.; Strunk, Katharine O.; Hopkins, Bryant; Brown, Nate; Harbatkin, Erica; Kilbride, Tara – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
The decision about how and when to open schools to in-person instruction has been a key question for policymakers throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. The instructional modality of schools has implications not only for the health and safety of students and staff, but also student learning and the degree to which parents can engage in job activities.…
Descriptors: School Closing, Educational Change, COVID-19, Pandemics
Abdulkadiroglu, Atila; Dur, Umut M.; Grigoryan, Aram – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
Proponents of school choice argue that it improves educational outcomes by allowing parents to self-select into schools that are most effective for their children. Contrary to these arguments, empirical evidence suggests that parents may not incorporate school effectiveness or match quality when choosing schools. The findings potentially impugn…
Descriptors: School Choice, School Effectiveness, Educational Quality, Computation
Biasi, Barbara; Fu, Chao; Stromme, John – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021
We study the equity-efficiency implication of giving school districts control over teacher pay using an equilibrium model of the market for public-school teachers. Teachers differ in their comparative advantages in teaching low- or high-achieving students. School districts, which serve different student bodies, use both wage and hiring strategies…
Descriptors: Public School Teachers, Teacher Salaries, Wages, School Districts
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