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Jack Mountjoy – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
This paper studies the causal impacts of public universities on the outcomes of their marginally admitted students. I use administrative admission records spanning all 35 public universities in Texas, which collectively enroll 10 percent of American public university students, to systematically identify and employ decentralized cutoffs in SAT/ACT…
Descriptors: Public Colleges, College Students, Outcomes of Education, Admission Criteria
Sidhya Balakrishnan; Eric Bettinger; Michael S. Kofoed; Dubravka Ritter; Douglas A. Webber; Ege Aksu; Jonathan S. Hartley – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
We conduct a survey-based experiment with 2,776 students at a non-profit university to analyze income insurance demand in education financing. We offered students a hypothetical choice: either a federal loan with income-driven repayment or an income-share agreement (ISA), with randomized framing of downside protections. Emphasizing income…
Descriptors: College Students, Insurance, Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment
Raquel Fernández; Carmen Pagés; Miguel Szekely; Ivonne Acevedo – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
Education is a crucial asset for a country's economic prospects and for its inhabitants. In addition to its direct impact on growth via the accumulation of human capital, it is a critical ingredient in producing an informed citizenry, enhancing their ability to obtain and exert human and political rights and their facility to adapt to changing…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Equal Education, Access to Education, Educational Quality
Michela Carlana; Eliana La Ferrara – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
We study the Tutoring Online Program (TOP), where: (i) tutoring is entirely online; (ii) tutors are volunteer university students, matched with underprivileged middle school students. We leverage random assignment to estimate effects during and after the pandemic (2020 and 2022), investigating channels of impact. Three hours of individual tutoring…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Computer Mediated Communication, College Students, Middle School Students
Dan Anderberg; Gordon B. Dahl; Cristina Felfe; Helmut Rainer; Thomas Siedler – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
What makes diversity unifying in some settings but divisive in others? We examine how the mixing of ethnic groups in German schools affects intergroup cooperation and trust. We leverage the quasi-random assignment of students to classrooms within schools to obtain variation in the type of diversity that prevails in a peer group. We combine this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Ethnic Groups, Intergroup Relations, Trust (Psychology)
Jordan S. Berne; Brian A. Jacob; Tareena Musaddiq; Anna Shapiro; Christina Weiland – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
Transitional Kindergarten (TK) is a relatively recent entrant into the U.S. early education landscape, combining features of public pre-K and regular kindergarten. We provide the first estimates of the impact of Michigan's TK program on 3rd grade test scores. Using an augmented regression discontinuity design, we find that TK improves 3rd grade…
Descriptors: Transitional Programs, Kindergarten, Program Effectiveness, Grade 3
Ariel Kalil; Susan Mayer; Philip Oreopoulos; Rohen Shah – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
Programs that engage young children in movement and song to help them learn are popular but experimental evidence on their impact is sparse. We use an RCT to evaluate the effectiveness of Big Word Club (BWC), a classroom program that uses music and dance videos for 3-5 minutes per day to increase vocabulary. We conducted a field experiment with…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Animation, Video Technology, Music
Michael Baker; Yosh Halberstam; Kory Kroft; Alexandre Mas; Derek Messacar – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
We study the effects of the unionization of faculty at Canadian universities from 1970-2022 using an event-study design. Using administrative data which covers the full universe of faculty salaries, we find strong evidence that unionization leads to both average salary gains and compression of the distribution of salaries. Our estimates indicate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Unions, College Faculty, Salaries
Sang Yoon Lee; Nicolas A. Roys; Ananth Seshadri – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
We present a model of endogenous schooling and earnings to isolate the causal effect of parents' education on children's education and earnings outcomes. The model suggests that parents' education is positively related to children's earnings, but its relationship with children's education is ambiguous. Identification is achieved by comparing the…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Correlation, Income
Francesco Agostinelli; Margaux Luflade; Paolo Martellini – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
We define educational access as the component of a neighborhood's value that is determined by the set of schools available to its residents. This paper studies the extent to which educational access is determined by sorting based on heterogeneous preferences over school attributes, or local institutions that constrain residential location and…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Neighborhoods, School Choice, School Districts
Adam M. Lavecchia; Philip Oreopoulos; Noah Spencer – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
This study finds substantial reductions to criminal activity from the introduction of a comprehensive high school support program for disadvantaged youth living in the largest public housing project in Toronto. The program, called Pathways to Education, bundles supports such as regular coaching, tutoring, group activities, free public…
Descriptors: Crime Prevention, High School Students, Disadvantaged Youth, Poverty
Yifan Gong; Todd R. Stinebrickner; Ralph Stinebrickner; Yuxi Yao – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
We examine the initial post-college geographic location decisions of students from hometowns in the Appalachian region that often lack substantial high-skilled job opportunities, focusing on the role of non-pecuniary considerations. Novel survey questions in the spirit of the contingent valuation approach allow us to measure the full non-pecuniary…
Descriptors: Geographic Location, College Students, Low Income Groups, Decision Making
Patricia Cortés; Jacob French; Jessica Pan; Basit Zafar – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
We assess the role of information gaps in understanding gender differences in negotiation behavior by conducting a randomized information experiment on the 2018 to 2020 graduating cohorts of undergraduate business majors from Boston University. Prior to starting their job search, treated students were provided with objective information about the…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Employment, Business Administration Education, Salaries
Karun Adusumilli; Francesco Agostinelli; Emilio Borghesan – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
This paper examines the scalability of the results from the Tennessee Student-Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) Project, a prominent educational experiment. We explore how the misalignment between the experimental design and the econometric model affects researchers' ability to learn about the intervention's scalability. We document heterogeneity…
Descriptors: Class Size, Research Design, Educational Research, Program Effectiveness
Kalena Cortes; Karen Kortecamp; Susanna Loeb; Carly Robinson – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2024
This paper presents the results from a randomized controlled trial of Chapter One, an early elementary reading tutoring program that embeds part-time tutors into the classroom to provide short bursts of 1:1 instruction. Eligible kindergarten students were randomly assigned to receive supplementary tutoring during the 2021-22 school year (N=818).…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Tutoring, Individualized Instruction, African American Students
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