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Nickow, Andre; Oreopoulos, Philip; Quan, Vincent – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Tutoring--defined here as one-on-one or small-group instructional programming by teachers, paraprofessionals, volunteers, or parents--is one of the most versatile and potentially transformative educational tools in use today. Within the past decade, dozens of preK-12 tutoring experiments have been conducted, varying widely in their approach,…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
Denning, Jeffrey T.; Murphy, Richard; Weinhardt, Felix – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
This paper considers an unavoidable feature of the school environment, class rank. What are the long run effects of a student's ordinal rank in elementary school? Using administrative data from all public school students in Texas, we show that students with a higher third grade academic rank, conditional on achievement and classroom fixed effects,…
Descriptors: Class Rank, Elementary School Students, Public Schools, Academic Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Kinne, Lavinia; Lergetporer, Philipp; Woessmann, Ludger – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Patience and risk-taking -- two cultural traits that steer intertemporal decision-making -- are fundamental to human capital investment decisions. To understand how they contribute to international differences in student achievement, we combine PISA tests with the Global Preference Survey. We find that opposing effects of patience (positive) and…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Academic Achievement, Immigrants, Cultural Influences
Cawley, John; Han, Euna; Kim, Jiyoon; Norton, Edward C. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
The educational attainment of siblings is highly correlated. We test for a specific type of peer effect between siblings in educational attainment: genetic nurture. Specifically, we test whether a person's educational attainment is correlated with their sibling's polygenic score (PGS) for educational attainment, controlling for their own PGS for…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Siblings, Correlation, Genetics
Cestau, Dario; Epple, Dennis; Romano, Richard; Sieg, Holger; Wojtaszek, Carl – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Assessing the effectiveness of education by race and gender is as difficult as it is important. We investigate this question utilizing data for eleven cohorts at West Point, a distinguished military academy and highly ranked liberal arts college. Employing matching using entry scores on three comprehensive measures, we obtain exceptional matches…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, African American Students, White Students, Graduation Rate
Duflo, Annie; Kiessel, Jessica; Lucas, Adrienne – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Randomized controlled trials in lower-income countries have demonstrated ways to increase learning, in specific settings. This study uses a large-scale, nationwide RCT in Ghana to show the external validity of four school-based interventions inspired by other RCTs. Even though the government implemented the programs within existing systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intervention, Validity, Academic Achievement
Chatterjee, Chirantan; Hanushek, Eric A.; Mahendiran, Shreekanth – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
India took a decisive step towards universal basic education by proclaiming a constitutionally-guaranteed Right to Education (RTE) Act in 2009 that called for full access of children aged 6-14 to free schooling. This paper considers the offsetting effects to RTE from induced expansion of private tutoring in the educationally competitive districts…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Access to Education, Civil Rights, Private Education
Leive, Adam; Ruhm, Christopher J. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
We examine whether the least educated population groups experienced the worst mortality trends during the 21st century by measuring changes in mortality across education quartiles. We document sharply differing gender patterns. Among women, mortality trends improved fairly monotonically with education. Conversely, male trends for the lowest three…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Mortality Rate, Gender Differences, Disproportionate Representation
Lleras-Muney, Adriana; Price, Joseph; Yue, Dahai – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
We combine newly released individual data from the 1940 full-count census with death records and other information available in family trees to create the largest individual data to date to study the association between years of schooling and age at death. Conditional on surviving to age 35, one additional year of education is associated with…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Death, Age, Gender Differences
Arcidiacono, Peter; Kinsler, Josh; Ransom, Tyler – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Detecting racial discrimination using observational data is challenging because of the presence of unobservables that may be correlated with race. Using data made public in the SFFA v. Harvard case, we estimate discrimination in a setting where this concern is mitigated. Namely, we show that there is a substantial penalty against Asian Americans…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Asian American Students, Court Litigation, College Admission
Aucejo, Esteban M.; French, Jacob F.; Araya, Maria Paola Ugalde; Zafar, Basit – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
In order to understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on higher education, we surveyed approximately 1,500 students at one of the largest public institutions in the United States using an instrument designed to recover the causal impact of the pandemic on students' current and expected outcomes. Results show large negative effects across many…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Higher Education, Socioeconomic Influences
Smith, Jonathan; Goodman, Joshua; Hurwitz, Michael – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
We provide the first estimated economic impacts of students' access to an entire sector of public higher education in the U.S. Approximately half of Georgia high school graduates who enroll in college do so in the state's public four-year sector, which requires minimum SAT scores for admission. Regression discontinuity estimates show enrollment in…
Descriptors: Economic Impact, Access to Education, Public Colleges, Enrollment
Card, David; Solis, Alex – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Governments around the world use grant and loan programs to ease the financial constraints that contribute to socioeconomic gaps in college completion. A growing body of research assesses the impact of grants; less is known about how loan programs affect persistence and degree completion. We use detailed administrative data from Chile to provide…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Program Effectiveness, Eligibility, College Students
Fitzpatrick, Maria D.; Benson, Cassandra; Bondurant, Samuel R. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
Nearly 4 in 10 children report experiencing maltreatment by adulthood. Early detection mitigates maltreatment's negative effects. Yet factors that drive early detection remain understudied. We examine one possible source of early detection: educators in school settings. Administrative data on reports of child maltreatment across the U.S. over a…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, School Role, Child Abuse, Identification
Carlson, Deven E.; Schmidt, Alex; Souders, Sarah; Wolfe, Barbara L. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
In this paper, we leverage the random assignment of a need-based financial aid grant offer--the Fund for Wisconsin Scholars (FFWS) grant--and several sets of administrative records to provide experimental evidence on the effects of the grant offer on students' in-state employment and earnings. For students in four-year universities, our results…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Grants, College Students, Income
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