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Hawkins, Jeffrey M.; Agnello, Mary Frances; Lucey, Thomas A. – Multicultural Education, 2015
This collaborative action research study describes the results of how pre-service teachers at three institutions of higher learning construed three pre-colonial West African folktales that portrayed the villain or trickster in a heroic manner. Folktales represent common forms of literature that are used in the classroom as conscience stories to…
Descriptors: Multicultural Education, Preservice Teachers, Undergraduate Students, Social Studies
Lucey, Thomas A.; Agnello, Mary Frances; Hawkins, Jeffrey M. – Multicultural Education, 2010
For a socially just community to occur, decision-making must employ respectful procedures that value input from representatives of all economic contexts. By considering philosophical roots of Western societal development, it is possible to gain insight into the systemic processes underlying these circumstances. By understanding these bases,…
Descriptors: Social Justice, History, Philosophy, Decision Making
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Hawkins, Jeffrey M. – Multicultural Education, 2002
Stresses the importance of U.S. history textbooks containing information that is accurate, realistic, and comprehensive, noting that while there are increased portrayals of Native Americans in today's history textbooks, portraying them in a stereotypical manner that suggests a single type of Indian culture is inappropriate and may affect students'…
Descriptors: American Indians, Cultural Awareness, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Stereotypes